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The Seventy-eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DCmarker from January 3, 1943 to January 3, 1945, during the last two years of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Sixteenth Census of the United States in 1940. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Major events



Major legislation



Party summary

Senate

TOTAL members: 96

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 435

Leaders

Senate



Majority (Democratic) leadership



Minority (Republican) leadership

  • Minority Leader:
  • Minority whip: No Republican whips were appointed from 1935 to 1944 since only 17 Republicans were in the Senate following the landslide reelection of President Franklin Roosevelt in 1936. Accordingly, the minutes of the Republican Conference for the period state: "On motion of Senator Hastings, duly seconded and carried, it was agreed that no Assistant Leader or Whip be elected but that the chairman be authorized to appoint Senators from time to time to assist him in taking charge of the interests of the minority." A note attached to the conference minutes added: "The chairman of the conference, Senator McNary, apparently appointed Senator Austin of Vermont as assistant leader in 1943 and 1944, until the conference adopted Rules of Organization."


House of Representatives

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership



Members

Senate

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

Alabama



Arizona



Arkansas



California



Colorado



Connecticut



Delaware



Florida



Georgia



Idaho



Illinois



Indiana



Iowa



Kansas



Kentucky



Louisiana



Maine



Maryland



Massachusetts



Michigan



Minnesota



Mississippi



Missouri



Montana



Nebraska



Nevada



New Hampshire



New Jersey



New Mexico



New York



North Carolina



North Dakota



Ohio



Oklahoma



Oregon



Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina



South Dakota



Tennessee



Texas



Utah



Vermont



Virginia



Washington



West Virginia



Wisconsin



Wyoming



House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Alabama



Arizona



Arkansas



California



Colorado



Connecticut



Delaware



Florida



Georgia



Idaho



Illinois



Indiana



Iowa



Kansas



Kentucky



Louisiana

* . James Domengeaux (D), installed November 7, 1944


Maine



Maryland



Massachusetts



Michigan



Minnesota



Mississippi



Missouri



Montana



Nebraska



Nevada



New Hampshire



New Jersey



New Mexico



New York



North Carolina



North Dakota



Ohio



Oklahoma



Oregon



Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina



South Dakota



Tennessee



Texas



Utah



Vermont



Virginia



Washington



West Virginia



Wisconsin



Wyoming



Non-voting members



Changes in membership

Senate

Date seat

became vacant
State

(class)
Previous Reason for change Subsequent Date of successor's taking seat

November 22, 1943 New Jersey

(1)
William Warren Barbour

(R)
Died. A successor was appointed until an election. Arthur Walsh

(D)
November 26, 1943

January 25, 1944 Indiana

(3)
Frederick Van Nuys

(D)
Died. A successor was appointed until an election. Samuel D. Jackson

(D)
January 28, 1944

February 3, 1944 Massachusetts

(2)
Henry Cabot Lodge

(R)
Resigned Sinclair Weeks

(R)
February 8, 1944

February 25, 1944 Oregon

(2)
Charles L. McNary

(R)
Died February 25, 1944. Successor was appointed and subsequently won special election Guy Cordon

(R)
March 4, 1944

November 13, 1944 Washington

(3)
Homer Bone

(D)
Resigned to become Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit Warren Magnuson

(D)
December 14, 1944

November 14, 1944 Indiana

(3)
Samuel D. Jackson

(D)
Successor elected William E. Jenner

(R)
November 7, 1944

November 17, 1944 South Carolina

(3)
Ellison Durant Smith

(D)
Died Wilton E. Hall

(D)
November 20, 1944

December 7, 1944 New Jersey

(1)
Arthur Walsh

(D)
A successor was elected H. Alexander Smith

(R)
December 7, 1944

December 19, 1944 Massachusetts

(2)
Sinclair Weeks

(R)
Resigned, a successor having been elected Vacant until the next Congress.

Senator-elect, Leverett Saltonstall, did not take office until January 4, 1945, after completion of his term as Governor of Massachusetts.



House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of successor's taking office

Harry L. Englebright (R) Died May 13, 1943 Clair Engle (D) August 31, 1943

Francis D. Culkin (R) Died August 4, 1943 Hadwen C. Fuller (R) November 2, 1943

James E. Van Zandt (R) Resigned September 24, 1943 D. Emmert Brumbaugh (R) November 2, 1943

Edward W. Creal (D) Died October 13, 1943 Chester O. Carrier (R) November 30, 1943

James P. McGranery (D) Resigned November 17, 1943 Joseph Marmaduke Pratt (R) January 18, 1944

J. William Ditter (R) Died November 21, 1943 Vacant until the next Congress

Lawrence Lewis (D) Died December 9, 1943 Dean M. Gillespie (R) March 7, 1944

Joseph A. Gavagan (D) Resigned December 30, 1943 James H. Torrens (D) February 29, 1944

Thomas H. Cullen (D) Died March 1, 1944 John J. Rooney (D) June 6, 1944

James A. O'Leary (D) Died March 16, 1944 Ellsworth B. Buck (R) June 6, 1944

James Domengeaux (D) Resigned April 15, 1944 to join US Armed Forces James Domengeaux (D) Re-elected to fill his own vacancy November 7, 1944

Winder R. Harris (D) Resigned September 15, 1944 Ralph Hunter Daughton (D) November 7, 1944

Hampton P. Fulmer (D) Died October 19, 1944 Willa L. Fulmer (R) November 7, 1944

Albert Gore, Sr. (D) Resigned December 4, 1944 to enter the United States Army Vacant until the next Congress

Warren Magnuson (D) Resigned December 14, 1944 when appointed U.S. Senator Vacant until the next Congress

William I. Troutman (R) Resigned January 2, 1945 Vacant until the next Congress



Employees



Senate



House of Representatives



References




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