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The 7th Marine Regiment is an infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palmsmarker, Californiamarker. Nicknamed the "Magnificent Seventh", they fall under the command of the 1st Marine Division and the I Marine Expeditionary Force.

Mission

Conduct mechanized, combined-arms operations and other expeditionary operations in order to support theater engagement plans and contingency operations. The regiment will be prepared to deploy within 48-hours of the receipt of an execute order as either the ground combat element for the 1st Marine Expeditionary Brigade (1st MEB) or as a major subordinate element of the 1st Marine Division. As directed, the Regiment will prepare infantry battalions for deployment to the Pacific Command (PACOM AOR) in order to support III Marine Expeditionary Force (III MEF) operations and training

Subordinate units

The Regiment comprises four infantry battalions and one headquarters company:

History

Early years

7th Marines was formed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvaniamarker on August 14, 1917. During World War I, the 7th Marine Regiment immediately deployed to Cubamarker for two years. They were deactivated in the demobilization that followed the war. When the Marine Corps was once again called upon to provide peacekeepers in the Caribbeanmarker (1933), elements of the Regiment were reactivated and deployed on Naval ships off the Cuban coast. At the end of the crisis, 7th Marines was once again deactivated.

World War II

On 1 January 1941, the 7th Marine Regiment was re-activated at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. The regiment moved to what is today Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeunemarker, North Carolinamarker. On September 18, 1942 the regiment landed in the Solomon Islandsmarker on Guadalcanalmarker. For four long months the regiment relentlessly attacked the Japanese defenders and repulsed banzai charges and suicidal attacks. During the Battle of Guadalcanalmarker the heroism of Medal Of Honor recipient "Manila John" Basilone, Mitchell Paige, and Navy Cross recipient Chesty Puller, represented the actions of the Marines of the 7th Marine Regiment.

Arriving in Australia in January 1943, the vast majority of the regiment suffered from malaria, wounds or just plain fatigue.

Again and again the Regiment was called upon to storm the Japanesemarker-held islands in the Pacific. The Seventh Marine Regiment fought in such places as Eastern New Guineamarker, New Britainmarker, "Bloody Peleliu" and the island fortress of Okinawa. 7th Marines saw intense fighting on the island of Okinawa where they would sustain 700 Marines killed or wounded in the fighting to take Dakeshi Ridge and another 500 killed or wounded in the fighting near Wana Draw.Alexander (1999), p.253.

After the surrender of Japan, 7th Marines took part in the Occupation of Northern China from September 30, 1945 through January 5, 1947. They returned to MCB Camp Pendleton, California in January 1947 and were reassigned to the 1st Marine Division. The regiment was deactivated on March 6, 1947 as part of the Marine Corps' draw down of forces after the war. 7th Marines however was quickly reactivated on October 1, 1947 but only as a shell of its former self as it consisted of only four companies. Company "C" deployed to China from May 2 through June 23, 1949 to safeguard the withdrawal of Americans and was the last element of Fleet Marine Force to depart China.

Korean War

On 17 August 1950, after the outbreak of the Korean War, the Regiment was reactivated, and on 21 September 1950 the Regiment landed at Inchonmarker, as part of the 1st Marine Division. The Regiment fought from Inchonmarker to the Yalu, at The "Frozen Chosin" Reservoirmarker and in the long defense of South Koreamarker until the armistice.

Vietnam War

In fall of 1962, substantial parts of the Regiment embarked for the Caribbean and possible action in Cuba, aimed at forcing the removal of Soviet Nuclear Missiles pointed at the heart of America. As the Cuban Missile Crisis subsided, The Seventh Marines returned to Camp Pendleton, Californiamarker. The confrontation with Communism was not finished with the removal of Soviet Missiles from Cuba.

In 1965, the regiment was deployed to Vietnammarker. The regiment left Vietnam in March 1973.

The Gulf War

In August 1990, shortly after shifting the home of the Regimental colors from Camp Pendelton to the Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palmsmarker, Californiamarker, the Marines and Sailors of the Regiment deployed to Saudi Arabiamarker. They were part of the attack into Kuwaitmarker and eventual victory. In August 1991, in recognition of the unique organizational changes that occurred in Seventh Marines, and with the addition of 3rd LAR Battalion, 1st Tank Battalion and Delta Company, 3rd Assault Amphibian Battalion, Seventh Marine Regiment became Regimental Combat Team Seven (RCT-7).

In December 1992, RCT-7 deployed on Operation Restore Hope to relieve famine and return order to Somaliamarker. Over a five month period the Marines and Sailors paid in blood as they worked tirelessly to alleviate the suffering of the Somalian people and to restore order to their Ravaged Nation.

On 13 August 1993, on the eve of the Regiment's 76th anniversary, the Regiment formally marked the return to its original designation by changing its name from Regimental Combat Team 7 to 7th Marines (Reinforced).

In August 1996, organizational changes once again designated 3rd LAR Battalion (Formerly LAI Bn) and 1st Tank Battalion as separate Battalions in direct support of the 7th Marine's MPF Mission. Also in direct support is Delta Company 3rd AA Battalion who returned to 3rd Assault Amphibian Battalion.

Global War on Terrorism

In January 2003, the 7th Marines deployed to Kuwaitmarker as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom. On March 21, the regiment crossed the line of departure into Iraq as it moved to seize and cut of Iraqi units around Basrah. During the course of the next few weeks, the Regiment repeatedly distinguished itself in combat actions as it continued the offensive to liberate Baghdadmarker and collapse the regime of Saddam Hussein. During much of the attack north, the Regiment led the 1st Marine Division in the deepest attack in Marine Corps history.

Unit awards

A unit citation or commendation is an award bestowed upon an organization for the action cited. Members of the unit who participated in said actions are allowed to wear on their uniforms the awarded unit citation. The unit is authorized to fly the appropriate streamer on its organizational flag. The 7th Marine Regiment has been presented with the following awards:

Streamer Award
Presidential Unit Citation Streamer with one Silver and four Bronze Stars
Joint Meritorious Unit Award Streamer
Navy Unit Commendation Streamer with three Bronze Stars
Meritorious Unit Commendation Streamer with one Bronze Star
World War I Victory Medal |World War I Victory Streamer]] with "West Indies" Clasp
American Defense Service Streamer with one Bronze Star
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Streamer with one Silver Star
World War II Victory Streamer
Navy Occupation Service Streamer with "ASIA"
China Service Streamer
National Defense Service Streamer with three Bronze Stars
Korean Service Streamer with one Silver and four Bronze Stars
Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamer with one Bronze Star
Vietnam Service Streamer with two Silver and three Bronze Stars
Southwest Asia Service Streamer with two Bronze Stars
Iraq Campaign Streamer
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Streamer
Global War on Terrorism Service Streamer
Korea Presidential Unit Citation Streamer
Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm Streamer
Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation Civil Actions Streamer


See also



Notes

References

Bibliography




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