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The Eighty-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DCmarker from January 3, 1959 to January 3, 1961, during the last two years of Dwight Eisenhower's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Seventeenth Census of the United States in 1950. Both chambers had a Democratic majority. When Alaska and Hawaii were admitted as states in 1959, the membership of the House temporarily increased to 437 (seating one member from each of those newly-admitted states and leaving the apportionment of the other 435 seats unchanged).

Major events



Major legislation



States admitted

  • August 21, 1959: Hawaii was admitted as the 50th state.


Party summaries

Senate

TOTAL members: 100

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 437. The increase over the usual 435 members was due to the admission of Alaska and Hawaii, whose seats were temporary until reapportionment following the 1960 Census.

Leadership

Senate



House of Representatives



Members

Senate

Senate composition by party at the beginning of the 86th Congress (Alaska was admitted as a state on the same day this Congress started; Senators from Hawaii did not take office until later in 1959.)
Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

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House of Representatives

[[Image:86 us house membership.png|right|thumbnail|320px|The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide at-large, are preceded by an "At-large," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.



References



Alabama



Alaska



Arizona



Arkansas



California



Colorado



Connecticut



Delaware



Florida



Georgia



Hawaii



Idaho



Illinois



Indiana



Iowa



Kansas



Kentucky



Louisiana



Maine



Maryland



Massachusetts

1. Benjamin A. Smith II (D), appointed to fill vacancy


Michigan



Minnesota



Mississippi



Missouri

3. Edward V. Long (D), appointed to fill vacancy

Montana



Nebraska



Nevada



New Hampshire



New Jersey



New Mexico



New York



North Carolina



North Dakota

1. Clarence Norman Brunsdale (R), appointed to fill vacancy
1. Quentin N. Burdick (D), elected to fill vacancy


Ohio



Oklahoma



Oregon

2. Hall S. Lusk (D), appointed to fill vacancy
2. Maurine Brown Neuberger (D), elected to fill vacancy


Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina



South Dakota



Tennessee



Texas



Utah



Vermont



Virginia



Washington



West Virginia



Wisconsin



Wyoming

House seats by party holding plurality in state

Alabama



Alaska



Arizona



Arkansas



California



Colorado



Connecticut



Delaware



Florida



Georgia



Hawaii



Idaho



Illinois



Indiana



Iowa



Kansas



Kentucky



Louisiana



Maine



Maryland



Massachusetts



Michigan



Minnesota



Mississippi



Missouri

. William J. Randall (D), elected to fill vacancy


Montana

Nebraska



Nevada



New Hampshire



New Jersey



New Mexico



New York

. Jacob H. Gilbert (D), elected to fill vacancy
. Charles E. Goodell (R), elected to fill vacancy


North Carolina

. Roy A. Taylor (D), elected to fill vacancy


North Dakota



Ohio

. Ward Miller (R), elected to fill vacancy


Oklahoma



Oregon



Pennsylvania

Vacant November 6, 1959 - April 25, 1960
:Herman T. Schneebeli (R), elected to fill vacancy, installed April 26, 1960
Vacant January 8, 1960 - April 25, 1960
:Douglas H. Elliott (R), elected to fill vacancy April 26, 1960, died June 19, 1960
::Vacant June 20, 1960 - November 7, 1960
:::J. Irving Whalley (R), elected to fill vacancy, installed November 8, 1960


Rhode Island



South Carolina



South Dakota



Tennessee



Texas



Utah



Vermont



Virginia



Washington

. Julia Butler Hansen (D), elected to fill vacancy


West Virginia



Wisconsin



Wyoming



Non-voting members


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