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The 89th Infantry Division was an infantry unit of the United States Army that was activated for service in World War I and World War II. Known as the "Rolling W", they have not been active since 1945.

World War I

  • Activated: August 1917.
  • Overseas: June 1918.
  • Major Operations: St. Mihiel, MeuseArgonne.
  • Casualties: Total-7,091 (KIA-980; WIA-6,111).
  • Commanders: Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood (27 August 1917), Brig. Gen. Frank L. Winn (26 November 1917), Brig. Gen. Thomas G. Hanson (24 December 1917), Brig. Gen. Frank L. Winn (29 December 1917), Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood (12 April 1918), Brig. Gen. Frank L. Winn (1 June 1918), Maj. Gen. William M. Wright (6 September 1918), Maj. Gen. Frank L. Winn (12 November 1918).
  • Inactivated: May 1919.


See also



World War II



Combat chronicle

The 89th Infantry Division landed in Francemarker at Le Havremarker, 21 January 1945, and engaged in several weeks of precombat training before moving up to the Sauermarker River into jump-off positions east of Echternachmarker, 11 March 1945. The next day, the offensive began, and the 89th plunged across the Sauer in a rapid advance to and across the Moselle, 17 March. The offensive rolled on, and the Division assaulted across the Rhinemarker River on 26 March, 1945 under intense fire in the Wellmich-Oberwesel region. A pontoon bridge was built across the Rhine from St. Goar to St. Goarshausen. In April, the 89th attacked toward Eisenachmarker, taking that town, 6 April. The next objective was Friedrichroda, core of the vaunted National Redoubt in Thuringiamarker. The city was secured by 8 April. On April 4, 1945, the 89th overran Ohrdruf, a subcamp of the Buchenwaldmarker concentration camp. Ohrdruf was the first Nazi concentration camp liberated by U.S. troops in Germany.

The Division continued to move eastward toward the Muldemarker River, capturing Zwickau by 17 April. The advance was halted, 23 April, and from then until VE-day, the Division saw only limited action, engaging in patrolling and general security. Three towns, Lossnitz, Aue, and Stollbergmarker, were kept under constant pressure, but no attacks were launched. The 89th Infantry's casualties consisted of 292 men Killed in Action, 692 men Wounded in Action, and 33 men Died of Wounds. The 89th was recommissioned as a Reserve Brigade in Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska, and Kansas. Units from that brigade have been deployed several times in support of OIF

Assignments in the European Theater of Operations



See also



General

  • Nickname: Rolling W ; also called Middle West Division.
  • Slogan: Get it done
  • Shoulder patch: A black-bordered khaki circle containing the letter "W" within a black-bordered circle.


Notes

References



External links




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