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{{Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 90th Infantry Division
image=
caption=Division shoulder sleeve insignia
dates= 1917 - 1919
1942 - 1945
1995 -

country= United States
allegiance=
branch= U.S. Army
type=
role=Sustainment
size=Brigade
command_structure=
garrison=Moffett Fieldmarker
garrison_label=
equipment=
equipment_label=
nickname=Tough 'Ombres
Texas-Oklahoma Division
patron=
motto=
colors=
colors_label=
march=
mascot=
battles=World War I
World War II
anniversaries=
decorations=
battle_honours=

current_commander=
current_commander_label=
ceremonial_chief=
ceremonial_chief_label=
colonel_of_the_regiment=
colonel_of_the_regiment_label=
notable_commanders=Theodore Roosevelt, Jr{Died before taking command}
James A.

Van Fleet
Raymond S.



McLain



identification_symbol=
identification_symbol_label=
identification_symbol_2=
identification_symbol_2_label=}}

The 90th Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army that served in World War I and World War II.Its heraldic descendant is the 90th Sustainment Brigade.

World War I

  • Activated: August 1917.
  • Overseas: June 1918.
  • Major Operations: St. Mihiel, MeuseArgonne.
  • Casualties: Total-7,549 (KIA-1,091; WIA-6,458).
  • Commanders: Maj. Gen. Henry T. Allen (25 August 1917), Brig. Gen. Joseph A. Gaston (23 November 1917), Brig. Gen. W. H. Johnston (27 December 1917), Maj. Gen. Henry T. Allen (1 March 1918), Brig. Gen. Joseph P. O'Neil (24 November 1918), Maj. Gen. Charles H. Martin (30 December 1918).
  • Returned to U.S. and inactivated: June 1919.


World War II

  • Activated: 25 March 1942.
  • Overseas: 23 March 1944.
  • Distinguished Unit Citations: 5.
  • Campaigns: Normandy, Northern France, Ardennes-Alsace, Rhineland, Central Europe
  • Awards: MH-4 ; DSC-54 ; DSM-4 ; SS1,418 ; LM-19; DFC-4 ; SM-55 ; BSM-6,140 ; AM-121.
  • Commanders: Maj. Gen. Henry Terrell, Jr. (March 1942-January 1944), Brig. Gen. Jay W. MacKelvie (January-July 1944), Maj. Gen. Eugene M. Landrum (July-August 1944), Maj. Gen. Raymond S. McLain (August-October 1944), Maj. Gen. James A. Van Fleet (October 1944-February 1945), Maj. Gen. Lowell W. Rooks (February-March 1945), Maj. Gen. Herbert L. Earnest (March-November 1945).
  • Returned to U. S.: 16 December 1945.
  • Inactivated: 27 December 1945.


Combat Chronicle

The 90th Infantry Division landed in Englandmarker, 5 April 1944, and trained from 10 April to 4 June.

First elements of the division saw action on D-Day, 6 June, on Utah Beachmarker, Normandy, the remainder entering combat 10 June, cutting across the Merderet Rivermarker to take Pont l'Abbe in heavy fighting. After defensive action along the river Douvemarker, the division attacked to clear the Foret de Mont-Castre (Hill 122), clearing it by 11 July, in spite of fierce resistance. An attack on the island of Saint-Germain-sur-Sèvesmarker failing, 23 July, the 90th bypassed it and took Périersmarker, 27 July.

On 12 August, the division drove across the Sarthe Rivermarker, north and east of Le Mansmarker, and took part in the closing of the Falaise Gapmarker, by reaching 1st Polish Armored Division in Chamboismarker, 19 August.

It then raced across France, through Verdunmarker, 6 September, to participate in the siege of Metzmarker, 14 September-19 November, capturing Maizières-lès-Metzmarker, 30 October, and crossing the Moselle Rivermarker at Kœnigsmackermarker, 9 November.

On 6 December 1944, the division pushed across the Saar Rivermarker and established a bridgehead north of Saarlauternmarker (present-day Saarlouismarker), 6-18 December, but with the outbreak of the Gerd von Rundstedt's (Army Group A) drive, the Battle of the Bulge, withdrew to the west bank on 19 December, and went on the defensive until 5 January 1945, when it shifted to the scene of the Ardennesmarker struggle. It drove across the Our Rivermarker, near Oberhausenmarker, 29 January, to establish and expand a bridgehead. In February, the division smashed through Siegfried Line fortifications to the Prüm Rivermarker.

After a short rest, the 90th continued across the Moselle River to take Mainzmarker, 22 March, and crossed the rivers Rhinemarker, the Mainmarker, and the Werramarker in rapid succession. Pursuit continued to the Czechmarker border, 18 April 1945, and into the Sudetes mountain range. The division was en route to Praguemarker when they came upon the remaining 1500 emaciated prisoners left behind by the SS at Flossenbürg concentration campmarker. Today, a memorial wall at the former camp honors the 90th as the liberators of Flossenbürg concentration campmarker. A week later word came that the war in Europe ended on, 8 May 1945.

Reactivated and deployed to IRAQ as the 90th Sustainment Brigade, August 21st 2009 to JBB Balad, in IRAQ.

Assignments in the ETO

  • 5 March 1944: Third Army.
  • 23 March 1944: Third Army, but attached to First Army.
  • 27 March 1944: VII Corps.
  • 19 June 1944: VIII Corps.
  • 30 July 1944: Third Army, but attached to First Army.
  • 1 August 1944: XV Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group.
  • 17 August 1944: Third Army, 12th Army Group, but attached to V Corps, First Army.
  • 25 August 1944: XV Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group.
  • 26 August 1944: XX Corps
  • 6 January 1945: III Corps.
  • 26 January 1945: VIII Corps.
  • 12 March 1945: XII Corps.


General

  • Nickname: Tough 'Ombres; formerly called the Texas-Oklahoma Division.
  • Shoulder patch: A khaki-colored square on which is superimposed a red letter "T", the lower part of which bisects the letter "O", also in red.


References



External links




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