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The Ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C.marker from March 4, 1805 to March 4, 1807, during the fifth and sixth years of Thomas Jefferson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Second Census of the United States in 1800. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.

Major events



Major legislation



Territories organized



Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL members: 34

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 142

Leadership

Senate



House of Representatives



Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1808; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1810; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1806.

Connecticut



Delaware



Georgia



Kentucky



Maryland



Massachusetts



New Hampshire



New Jersey



New York



North Carolina



Ohio



Pennsylvania



Rhode Island



South Carolina



Tennessee



Vermont



Virginia



House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are listed by their districts.

Connecticut

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Delaware



Georgia

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Kentucky



Maryland

The 5th district was a plural district with two representatives.

Massachusetts



New Hampshire

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New Jersey

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New York



North Carolina



Ohio



Pennsylvania

There were four plural districts, the 1st, 2nd, & 3rd had three representatives each, the 4th had two representatives.

Rhode Island

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

South Carolina



Tennessee



Vermont



Virginia



Non-voting members



Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

Senate

State Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Kentucky
class 3
John Breckinridge (DR) Resigned August 7, 1805 after being appointed United States Attorney General John Adair (DR) Seated November 8, 1805
Georgia
class 3
James Jackson (DR) Died March 19, 1806 John Milledge (DR) Seated June 19, 1806
Maryland
class 3
Robert Wright (DR) Resigned November 12, 1806 after being elected Governor of Maryland Philip Reed (DR) Seated November 25, 1806
Kentucky
class 3
John Adair (DR) Resigned November 18, 1806 after losing the election Henry Clay (DR) Seated November 19, 1806


House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Vacant Calvin Goddard (F) resigned before the beginning of this Congress Timothy Pitkin (F) Seated September 16, 1805
Vacant Roger Griswold (F) resigned before the beginning of this Congress Lewis B. Sturges (F) Seated September 16, 1805
Vacant John B. C. Lucas (DR) resigned before the beginning of this Congress Samuel Smith (DR) Seated November 7, 1805
John A. Hanna (DR) Died July 23, 1805 Robert Whitehill (DR) Seated November 7, 1805
Nathaniel Alexander (DR) Resigned November, 1805 after being elected Governor of North Carolina Evan S. Alexander (DR) Seated February 24, 1806
Vacant Territory elected delegate to Congress for first time Benjamin Parke Non-voting delegate Elected December 12, 1805 after delegate seat established
Cowles Mead (DR) Lost contested election December 24, 1805 Thomas Spalding (DR) Seated December 24, 1805
Joseph Bryan (DR) Resigned in 1806 Dennis Smelt (DR) September 1, 1806
Thomas Spalding (DR) Resigned in 1806 William W. Bibb (DR) Seated January 26, 1807
Michael Leib (DR) Resigned Feruary 14, 1806 John Porter (DR) Seated December 8, 1806
Joseph H. Nicholson (DR) Resigned March 1, 1806 Edward Lloyd (DR) Seated December 3, 1806
Christopher H. Clark (DR) Resigned July 1, 1806 William A. Burwell (DR) December 1, 1806
John Cotton Smith (F) Resigned August, 1806 Theodore Dwight (F) December 1, 1806
Vacant Territory elected delegate to Congress for first time Daniel Clark Non-voting delegate Elected December 1, 1806 after delegate seat established
Christian Lower (DR) Resigned December 19, 1806 Vacant Not filled for remainder of term
Levi Casey (DR) Died February 3, 1807 Vacant Not filled for remainder of term


Employees



Senate



House of Representatives



References



External links




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