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The first of the AFI 100 Years… series of cinematic milestones, AFI's 100 Years…100 Movies is a list of the 100 best American movies, as determined by the American Film Institute from a poll of more than 1,500 artists and leaders in the film industry who chose from a list of 400 nominated movies. The 100-best list was unveiled in 1998.

It was released in video in two versions: a 145-minute version, which aired on CBS, and a 460-minute version available only on video. It was hosted by Jodie Foster, among others.

An updated version of the list, billed as a 10th Anniversary edition, aired on CBS on June 20, 2007, and was hosted by Morgan Freeman.

Criteria

Films were judged according to the following criteria.

  1. Feature-length: Narrative format, at least 40 minutes in length.
  2. American film: English language, with significant creative and/or financial production elements from the United Statesmarker.
  3. Critical Recognition: Formal commendation in print.
  4. Major Award Winner: Recognition from competitive events including awards from organizations in the film community and major film festivals.
  5. Popularity Over Time: Including figures for box office adjusted for inflation, television broadcasts and syndication, and home video sales and rentals.
  6. Historical Significance: A film's mark on the history of the moving image through technical innovation, visionary narrative devices or other groundbreaking achievements.
  7. Cultural Impact: A film's mark on American society in matters of style and substance.


1998 List

# Movie Year
1. Citizen Kane 1941
2. Casablanca 1942
3. The Godfather 1972
4. Gone with the Wind 1939
5. Lawrence of Arabia 1962
6. The Wizard of Oz 1939
7. The Graduate 1967
8. On the Waterfront 1954
9. Schindler's List 1993
10. Singin' in the Rain 1952
11. It's a Wonderful Life 1946
12. Sunset Boulevard 1950
13. The Bridge on the River Kwaimarker 1957
14. Some Like It Hot 1959
15. Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope 1977
16. All About Eve 1950
17. The African Queen 1951
18. Psycho 1960
19. Chinatown 1974
20. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest 1975
21. The Grapes of Wrath 1940
22. 2001: A Space Odyssey 1968
23. The Maltese Falcon 1941
24. Raging Bull 1980
25. E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial 1982
26. Dr. Strangelove 1964
27. Bonnie and Clyde 1967
28. Apocalypse Now 1979
29. Mr. Smith Goes to Washington 1939
30. The Treasure of the Sierra Madre 1948
31. Annie Hall 1977
32. The Godfather Part II 1974
33. High Noon 1952
34. To Kill a Mockingbird 1962
35. It Happened One Night 1934
36. Midnight Cowboy 1969
37. The Best Years of Our Lives 1946
38. Double Indemnity 1944
39. Doctor Zhivago 1965
40. North by Northwest 1959
41. West Side Story 1961
42. Rear Window 1954
43. King Kong 1933
44. The Birth of a Nation 1915
45. A Streetcar Named Desire 1951
46. A Clockwork Orange 1971
47. Taxi Driver 1976
48. Jaws 1975
49. Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs 1937
50. Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid 1969
51. The Philadelphia Story 1940
52. From Here to Eternity 1953
53. Amadeus 1984
54. All Quiet on the Western Front 1930
55. The Sound of Music 1965
56. MASH 1970
57. The Third Man 1949
58. Fantasia 1940
59. Rebel Without a Cause 1955
60. Raiders of the Lost Ark 1981
61. Vertigo 1958
62. Tootsie 1982
63. Stagecoach 1939
64. Close Encounters of the Third Kind 1977
65. The Silence of the Lambs 1991
66. Network 1976
67. The Manchurian Candidate 1962
68. An American in Paris 1951
69. Shane 1953
70. The French Connection 1971
71. Forrest Gump 1994
72. Ben-Hur 1959
73. Wuthering Heights 1939
74. The Gold Rush 1925
75. Dances with Wolves 1990
76. City Lights 1931
77. American Graffiti 1973
78. Rocky 1976
79. The Deer Hunter 1978
80. The Wild Bunch 1969
81. Modern Times 1936
82. Giant 1956
83. Platoon 1986
84. Fargo 1996
85. Duck Soup 1933
86. Mutiny on the Bounty 1935
87. Frankenstein 1931
88. Easy Rider 1969
89. Patton 1970
90. The Jazz Singer 1927
91. My Fair Lady 1964
92. A Place in the Sun 1951
93. The Apartment 1960
94. Goodfellas 1990
95. Pulp Fiction 1994
96. The Searchers 1956
97. Bringing Up Baby 1938
98. Unforgiven 1992
99. Guess Who's Coming to Dinner 1967
100. Yankee Doodle Dandy 1942


2007 List comparison

On June 20, 2007, a new list was released by AFI to update for the new generation of films.

The AFI removed twenty-three films from the original top 100 films list when they cut 20% of the original nomination list (80 from 400):

  1. Doctor Zhivago (1965)
  2. The Birth of a Nation (1915)
  3. From Here to Eternity (1953)
  4. Amadeus (1984)
  5. All Quiet on the Western Front (1930)
  6. The Third Man (1949)
  7. Fantasia (1940)
  8. Rebel Without a Cause (1955)
  9. Stagecoach (1939)
  10. Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977)
  11. The Manchurian Candidate (1962)
  12. An American in Paris (1951)
  13. Wuthering Heights (1939)
  14. Dances with Wolves (1990)
  15. Giant (1956)
  16. Fargo (1996)
  17. Mutiny on the Bounty (1935)
  18. Frankenstein (1931)
  19. Patton (1970)
  20. The Jazz Singer (1927)
  21. My Fair Lady (1964)
  22. A Place in the Sun (1951)
  23. Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1967)


Four films released between 1997-2006 were added:

  1. The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001)
  2. Saving Private Ryan (1998)
  3. Titanic (1997)
  4. The Sixth Sense (1999)


Nineteen films made between 1916-1995 were also added:

  1. The General (1927)
  2. Intolerance (1916)
  3. Nashville (1975)
  4. Sullivan's Travels (1941)
  5. Cabaret (1972)
  6. Who's Afraid Of Virginia Woolf?
  7. (1966)
  8. The Shawshank Redemption (1994)
  9. In the Heat of the Night (1967)
  10. All the President's Men (1976)
  11. Spartacus (1960)
  12. Sunrise (1927)
  13. A Night at the Opera (1935)
  14. 12 Angry Men (1957)
  15. Swing Time (1936)
  16. Sophie's Choice (1982)
  17. The Last Picture Show (1971)
  18. Do the Right Thing (1989)
  19. Blade Runner (1982)
  20. Toy Story (1995)


Criticisms

As with awards, the list of those who vote and the final vote tally are not released to the public.

On June 26, 1998, the Chicago Reader published an article by film critic Jonathan Rosenbaum which offers a detailed response to the movies in the AFI list, as well as criticism of the AFI's appropriation of British films, such as Lawrence of Arabia and The Third Man. Rosenbaum also produced an alternate list of 100 American movies that he felt had been overlooked by the AFI. Rosenbaum chose to present this alternative list alphabetically since to rank them according to merit would be "tantamount to ranking oranges over apples or declaring cherries superior to grapes." The AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies list includes five titles from Rosenbaum's list, and the accompanying promotional poster lists the titles in alphabetical order.

References

  1. However, the following note is found on the AFI website, "NOTE: Due to licensing restrictions, the telecasts of the AFI 100...100 Series are not available for distribution or purchase on DVD or VHS." This apparent discrepancy may result from unclear use of the phrase "...released in video...", implying that the performance may be available for public purchase. AFI seems to clearly indicate this is not possible.


See also



External links




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