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ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution: Map


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The ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution is an environmental agreement signed in 2002 between all ASEAN nations to reduce haze pollution in Southeast Asia

The agreement is a reaction to an environmental crisis that hit Southeast Asia in the late 1990s. The crisis was mainly caused by land clearing via open burning in the Indonesianmarker island of Sumatramarker. Satellite images confirmed the presence of hot spots throughout Borneomarker, Sumatra, the Malay Peninsula and several other places. Malaysiamarker, Singaporemarker and to a certain extent, Thailandmarker and Bruneimarker were particularly badly affected.

From Sumatra, monsoon winds blew the smoke eastward and hence creating negative environmental effects (externalities) on other Southeast Asian nations. Thick haze covered much of Southeast Asia for weeks and caused noticeable and widespread human health problems.

As of June 2007, eight countries have ratified the agreement.

Parties to the Agreement

Member State Date of Ratification/Approval Date of Deposit of

Instrument of Ratification/Approval

with the Secretary-General of ASEAN
Malaysiamarker December 3, 2002 February 18, 2003
Singaporemarker January 13, 2003 January 2003
Brunei Darussalammarker February 27, 2003 April 23, 2003
Myanmarmarker March 5, 2003 March 17, 2003
Viet Nammarker March 24, 2003 May 29, 2003
Thailandmarker September 10, 2003 September 26, 2003
Lao PDRmarker December 19, 2004 July 13, 2005
Cambodiamarker April 24, 2006 November 9, 2006


  1. ASEAN Secretariat. ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution. Extracted October 12 2006

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