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AT&T Plaza (formerly Ameritech Plaza and SBC Plaza) is a public space that hosts the Cloud Gatemarker sculpture. It is located in Millennium Parkmarker, which is a park built to celebrate the third millennium and which is located within the Loopmarker community area of Chicago, Illinoismarker in the United States. The sculpture and the plaza are sometimes jointly referred to as Cloud Gate on the AT&T Plaza.

It was opened in the summer of 2004 with the initial unveiling of the sculpture during the grand opening weekend of the park. Ameritech Corporation/SBC Communications Inc. donated US$3 million for the naming right to the space. The plaza has become a place view the McCormick Tribune Plaza & Ice Rinkmarker and during the Christmas holiday season, the Plaza hosts Christmas caroling.


Lying between Lake Michiganmarker to the east and the Loop to the west, Grant Parkmarker has been Chicago's front yard since the mid 19th century. Its northwest corner, north of Monroe Street and the Art Institutemarker, east of Michigan Avenuemarker, south of Randolph Street, and east of Columbus Drive, had been Illinois Central rail yards and parking lots until 1997, when it was made available for development by the city as Millennium Parkmarker. Today, Millennium Park trails only Navy Piermarker as a Chicago tourist attraction.

The plaza is located above Park Grill, above and behind the McCormick Tribune Plaza & Ice Rink, adjacent to the Chase Promenademarker, and between the North and South Boeing Galleriesmarker. The plaza and sculpture sit atop the 300-seat $6 million dollar Park Grill, which opened in November 2003 behind the McCormick Tribune Plaza & Ice Rink. The surface of the plaza is concrete. The plaza is composed of of concrete pavers. Each paver is , and each is thick.


The plaza was originally named Ameritech Plaza for Ameritech Corporation, the corporate sponsor, who donated $3 million for the sculpture-hosting plaza's naming rights. By the time the park officially opened in 2004, Ameritech had merged with SBC Communications and the plaza was called SBC Plaza. When SBC acquired AT&T and subsequently changed the name from SBC to AT&T in 2005, the name of the plaza changed again.

Cloud Gate was originally estimated to weigh because it was impossible to estimate the thickness of the steel compatible with the desired aesthetics. The final piece, however, weighs and care had to be taken in supporting it. The roof of the Park Grill, upon which Cloud Gate sits, had to be strong enough to bear the weight. A large retaining wall separating Chicago's Metra train tracks from the North Grant Parkmarker garage travels along the back side of the restaurant and supports much of the sculpture's weight. This wall, along with the rest of the garage's foundation, required additional bracing before the piece was erected. In June 2004, when construction of the shell began, a large tent (pictured left) was erected around the piece in order to shield it from public view.


File:Millennium Park Map labels.png|
Image map of Millennium Park.
Each feature or label is wikilinked.
|400px|thumb|leftrect 51 18 145 80 McDonald's Cycle Centermarkerrect 338 2 496 94BP Pedestrian Bridgemarkerrect 497 62 536 101BP Pedestrian Bridgemarkerrect 497 6 631 34 Columbus Drivemarkerrect 10 88 154 104 Exelon Pavilion NErect 47 108 79 131 Exelon Pavilion NErect 619 95 754 112 Exelon Pavilion SErect 728 113 759 135 Exelon Pavilion SErect 10 246 166 263 Exelon Pavilion NWrect 47 265 78 288 Exelon Pavilion NWrect 613 243 762 258 Exelon Pavilion SWrect 736 260 757 275 Exelon Pavilion SWrect 44 149 174 229 Harris Theatermarkerrect 175 103 572 288 Jay Pritzker Pavilionmarkerrect 573 134 757 238 Lurie Gardenmarkerrect 572 311 718 329 Nichols Bridgewayrect 516 298 777 306 Nichols Bridgewayrect 58 350 207 396 Chase Promenade Northmarkerrect 291 350 453 396 Chase Promenade Centralmarkerrect 537 350 687 396 Chase Promenade Southmarkerrect 313 397 431 424 AT&T Plazarect 37 434 227 473 Boeing Gallery Northmarkerrect 516 433 757 469 Boeing Gallery Southmarkerrect 337 426 416 470 Cloud Gatemarkerrect 60 486 216 546 Wrigley Squaremarkerrect 287 477 457 543 McCormick Tribune Plaza & Ice Rinkmarkerrect 557 488 727 543 Crown Fountainmarkerrect 308 567 439 583 Michigan Avenuemarkerrect 1 316 23 442 Randolph Streetdesc bottom-leftIn 2006, the tradition of Christmas caroling during the holiday season began at the plaza. Sing-along caroling with choral groups occurred every Friday between Thanksgiving and Christmas from 6 PM until 6:30 PM. In 2007, Starbucks provided free peppermint hot chocolate and Christmas blend coffee for the Friday caroling, and the choral groups included Bella Voce, Chicago Mass Choir, and Chicago Children's Choir. The caroling tradition continued in 2008.

Because of its elevation above the McCormick Tribune Plaza & Ice Rink, the plaza has become a prime viewing location for Jazz music concerts held during the summer at the McCormick Tribune Plaza. McCormick Tribune Plaza is located below and to the west of AT&T Plaza as well as adjacent to Michigan Avenuemarker's Historic Michigan Boulevard Districtmarker, which are slightly further west.


  1. Gilfoyle, p. 328.
  2. Gilfoyle, p. 165.
  3. Gilfoyle, p. 402.


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