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Abbas I (July 1, 1813 – July 16, 1854), ( ), Wāli of Egyptmarker and Sudanmarker, was a son of Tusun Pasha and grandson of Muhammad Ali, founder of the reigning dynasty of Egyptmarker and Sudanmarker at the time. The Chambers Biographical Dictionary says of him: "[b]igoted and sensual, he did much to undo the progress made under Mehemet Ali."

He was born in 1813 in Jeddahmarker and was brought up in Egypt. Being the grandson of Muhammad Ali, he succeeded his uncle Ibrahim Pasha in ruling Egypt and Sudan in 1848

As a young man, he fought in the Levant under his uncle Ibrahim Pasha. The death of Ibrahim in November 1848 made Abbas regent of Egypt and Sudan. The following August 1849, on the death of his grandfather Muhammad Ali (who had been removed in July 1848 on account of mental weakness), Abbas succeeded him as wāli.

He has been often described as a mere voluptuary, but Nubar Pasha spoke of him as a true gentleman of the "old school". He was seen as a reactionary, morose and taciturn, and spent nearly all his time in his palace. He undid, as far as lay in his power, the works of his grandfather, both good and bad. Among other things he abolished trade monopolies, closed factories and schools, and reduced the strength of the region's army to 9,000 men.

He was inaccessible to adventurers bent on plundering Egypt and Sudan of riches, but at the insistence of the British government, he allowed the construction of a railway from Alexandriamarker to Cairomarker.

In July 1854 he was murdered in Benha Palace by two of his slaves, and was later succeeded by his uncle (who was actually younger than him), Said Pasha.

According to al-Jabarti, the leading historian of this time period, Abbas I was born in Cairo while his father Tusun Pasha in Hejaz fighting against the Wahabist movement.

Honours



Notes

  1. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, ISBN 0-550-18022-2, page 1
  2. Egypt state information service - Abbas Helmy I (the son of Ahmed Tosson Pasha Mohammad Ali's son)


References

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