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Abbassi Madani


Dr. Abbassi Madani (Arabic عباسي مدني), (born 1931) near Sidi-Okba, near Biskramarker, was the President of the Islamic Salvation Front in Algeriamarker. He is described by writers as having a gnomic appearance. As a leader he became the voice of dispossessed youth.

In Algerian Revolution

In his youth he joined the Front for National Liberation and participated in the first day of the Algerian War of Independence, 1 November 1954, by planting a bomb at an Algiers radio facility, but was arrested by the French on 17 November 1954, and remained in jail until independence in 1962.

Career before politics

After studying for a doctorate in educational psychology in London from 1975 to 1978, he became a professor of educational sciences at the University of Algiers.

Co-founder of Islamic Party

In 1989, after the Algerian Constitution was changed to allow multiparty democracy, he co-founded the democratic Islamic Salvation Front (FIS), which rapidly grew to enjoy success in the ensuing local elections. Madani contended that the Islamic essence of November 1954 was betrayed by the Charters of Tripolimarker and Algeria, along with other charters upheld by Houari Boumediene and Chadli Bendjedid.

Retirement

Politically, he was widely considered to represent the moderate wing of FIS, contrasted with Ali Belhadj's more hardline views. His positions included free markets, early Islamic education, Arabization of education and government, segregation of the sexes, and sharia-based law. He expressed support for democracy, but with the reservation that it could not override Sharia law.

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