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Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG) is a United States Army facility located near Aberdeenmarker, Marylandmarker, (in Harford Countymarker). Part of the facility is a census-designated place (CDP), which had a population of 3,116 at the 2000 census.

History

APG is the U.S. Army's oldest, active proving ground, established on October 20, 1917, six months after the U.S. entered World War I. Its location allowed design and testing of ordnance materiel to take place near contemporary industrial and shipping centers. The first gun was fired there on January 2, 1918. The proving ground was created as a successor to the Sandy Hook Proving Ground, which was too small for some of the larger weapons being tested. At the peak of World War II, APG had billeting space for 2,348 officers and 24,189 enlisted personnel.

Other components

Other parts of APG not attached to the main installation include the Churchville Test Areamarker in Harford Countymarker, and the Carroll Island and Graces Quarters in Baltimore County, Maryland. The Churchville Test Area is a test track with hills that provide steep natural grades and tight turns to stress engines, drivetrains , and suspensions for army vehicles, including M1 Abrams tanks, M2/M3 Bradley Fighting Vehicles, and High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles.

Edgewood Chemical Activity is a chemical-weapon depot located at APG. Elimination of the chemicals held here was put on an accelerated schedule after the September 11, 2001, attacks, and all chemical weapons were destroyed by February 2006.

The U.S. Army Ordnance Corps Museum is located at APG.

Geography

APG is located at and occupies a land area of . Its northernmost point is near the mouth of the Susquehanna River, where the river enters the Chesapeake Bay, while on the south, it is bordered by the Gunpowder River. The installation lies on two peninsulas separated by the Bush River. The northeastern is known as the Aberdeen Area and the southwestern is called the Edgewood Area (formerly the Edgewood Arsenal).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 31.0 km² (12.0 mi²). 29.4 km² (11.4 mi²) of it is land and 1.6 km² (0.6 mi²) of it (5.09%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,116 people, 805 households, and 763 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 274.1 people per square mile (105.8/km²). There were 902 housing units at an average density of 79.3/sq mi (30.6/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 50.48% White, 34.60% African American, 0.64% Native American, 3.11% Asian, 1.25% Pacific Islander, 5.68% from other races, and 4.24% from two or more races; 11.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 805 households out of which 78.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 84.1% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 5.2% were non-families; 4.3% of all households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.52 and the average family size was 3.63.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 40.1% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 44.9% from 25 to 44, 4.4% from 45 to 64, and 0.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 113.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 117.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $38,875, and the median income for a family was $40,306. Males had a median income of $26,943 versus $26,194 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $12,808. About 4.2% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Under the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) program, as announced in 2005, the APG is projected to lose the Ordnance School and associated R&D facilities with 3862 military and 290 civilian jobs moving to Fort Leemarker, Virginiamarker. APG will gain 451 military and 5,661 civilian jobs from Fort Monmouthmarker, New Jerseymarker. There is a net loss of 3,411 military jobs under BRAC and a net gain of 5,371 civilian jobs.

Enhanced-use lease

In 2005, APG executed an enhanced-use lease (EUL) partnership with Opus East, L.L.C. (a subsidiary of Opus Corporation), a commercial real-estate development company. Under the EUL, Opus East has entered into a long-term ground lease of APG-owned property for the development of commercial office space and research-and-development space. Ground-lease payments benefit APG directly in the form of in-kind services that can be used to maintain/improve post infrastructure, build new buildings, build new roads, etc. The EUL will provide new high-quality buildings and facilities for the military and civilian positions relocating to APG because of the 2005 round of the BRAC process. The development of the EUL, known as The GATE project, comprises , eleven land bays, and two- to three-million square feet of development potential and is entirely within the boundaries of APG. The GATE is being developed to meet anti-terrorism and force-protection standards and will include sustainable-design elements. It also allows private military contractors (PMC) doing work for various military commands on APG to be closer to their client and not be burdened with continual entry to APG. The first building at The GATE will be delivered to CACI, an information-technology security PMC in 2008. The complete development of the entire project will span five to ten years.

Controversies

A scandal at the APG surfaced in 1996, wherein the U.S. Army brought charges against twelve commissioned and non-commissioned male officers for sexual assault on female trainees under their command.

See also



References



Further reading

  • Oliveros, James P. and Don A. Vroblesky. (1989). Hydrogeology of the Canal Creek area, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland [Water-Resources Investigations Report 89-4021 }. Towson, Md.: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.
  • Olsen, Lisa D. and Tracey A. Spencer (2000). Assessment of volatile organic compounds in surface water at West Branch Canal Creek, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, 1999 [Open-File Report 00-203]. Baltimore, Md.: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.
  • United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Armed Services. (1997). Army sexual harassment incidents at Aberdeen Proving Ground and sexual harassment policies within the Department of Defense: hearing before the Committee on Armed Services, United States Senate, One Hundred Fifth Congress, first session, February 4, 1997. Washington, D.C. Government Printing Office.


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