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Abhayapuri is a town surrounded by hills, a town area committee in Bongaigaon district in the Indian state of Assammarker. It is located on the National Highway 31, about 200 km west of Guwahatimarker. Nearest airport is at Guwahatimarker. Abhayapuri Railway Station is managed by the North East Frontier Railways.

History

Abhayapuri was the capital of the ancient Bijni Kingdom established by King Bijit Narayan alias Chandra Narayan in 1671. Bijit Narayan was the son of Parikshit Narayan who was the grandson of Yuvaraj Sukladhwaj alias Chilarai, a famed Koch general and the younger brother of Moharaj Nara Narayan, the great emperor of Kamata Kingdom (also known as Kamrup Rajya or Koch Empire) in the 16 th century.

The first capital of Bijnimarker Kingdom was at modern Bijni town (1671-1864) but later the capital was shifted to Dumuria (now known as Dalan Bhanga) due to attack by Jhawlia Mechand (a local chief under Bhutanmarker Kingdom). A dreaded earthquake occurred at 5 PM, in 12 th June/1897 badly damaged the royal palaces of Dumuriya, and therefore, Bijit Narayan decided to shift his capital again to Deohati forest area which was later named as Abhayapuri after its ruler queen Rani Abhayeswari who ruled Abhayapuri from 1901 to 1956. Later, during the rule of the last king Bhairabendra Narayan, the Government of India took over this kingdom.

Kings of Ancient Abhayapuri (Bijni Kingdom)

Bijit Narayan (alias Chandra Narayan)

Joy Narayan

Shiv Narayan

Bijoy Narayan

Mukunda Narayan

Haridev Narayan

Indra Narayan

Amrit Narayan

Kumud Narayan

Rani Abhayeswari (Queen)

Bhairabendra Narayan

People

Since time immemorial, Koch-Rajbonshies (belong to Indo-Mongoloid ethnic group of people) have been the living in this area now known as Abhayapuri. These people are the original sons of the soil and their existence can be traced back to the "Kiratees" of pre-vedic epic age (Mahabharata). These Kiratas of dim past are also mentioned in Kalika-Purana and Yogini Tantra and also in histories written both by native and foreign scholars.

Yogis,Kalitas, Kayasthas and older Muslims are also indigenous who settled in this part of land prior to the advent of Britishers in North East Region. Some of them settled in the area centuries before the advent of Britishers.

Archaeological Monuments

Lalmati-Duramari Ganesh Temple

The Lalmati-Duramari Ganesh Temple near Abhayapuri town under North Salmara sub-division is one of the oldest temples of the Assammarker.

It is still unknown who and when this temple was built. Some archaeologists, after studying the stone carving and modes related to the carved idols, opine that the temple and images belong to 8th to 10th centuries AD.

There are three views advanced as the reason for destruction of the temple:

1. Earthquakes during the 8th and 10th centuries destroyed the temple.

2. A general named Kala Pahar who revolted against worshipers and priests, destroyed the temple along with other temples (including Kamakhya Templemarker) in the North-East.

3. Maan invaders who camped at Malegarh(Manegarh) hills destroyed the temple along with the idols.

But it seems that earthquake was the prime cause of the destruction of the temple.

The existence of ruins in Lalmati-Durgamari area along with temples was brought to the notice of the Historical & Antiquarian Department of the Govt. of Assam in 1974. The department undertook excavation work which resulted the discovery of the temples, images and idols of Gods and Goddesses.

Geography

Abhayapuri is located at . It has an average elevation of 36 metres (118 feet).

Demographics

 India census, Abhayapuri had a population of 14,671. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Abhayapuri has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 55% of the males and 45% of females literate. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.


Educational Institutes

Abhayeswari H.S. & M.P. School

Established in the year 1904 by Queen Abhayeswari devi of Bijni Estate, this school has crossed 100 glorious years of its existence. Situated at the heart of the town of Abhayapuri, this educational institute is considered as one of the major philanthropic contribution of Queen Abhayeswari towards the people of Abhayapuri and its neighbourhood

Politics

Abhayapuri consists of two assembly constituencies: Abhayapuri North and Abhayapuri South, both of which are part of Barpeta .

References


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