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The Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission (ALBC) is a federally appointed 15-member commission focused on planning and commemorating the 200th birthday of the United Statesmarker' 16th president. Lincoln was born in 1809. His 200th birthday anniversary was on February 12, 2009.

The ALBC was established by the passage of the Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission Act in 2000 (Public Law No: 106-173). The commission's 15 members are a diverse group of political leaders, jurists, scholars and collectors, chosen for their knowledge of Lincoln and their experience educating the public on his life, times, and historical impact. The Commissioners are appointed by the President, the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate. The Commissioners include:


Eileen R. Mackevich, MBE, co-founder and former president of the Chicago Humanities Festival, became the executive director of the ALBC's Commission Staff in 2006.. The ALBC created the Lincoln Bicentennial Cabinet to raise funds and otherwise support the celebration. The Cabinet's leader is former Rep. and House Majority Whip William H. Gray III, who also was the first African American Chair of the House Budget Committee and the President and CEO of the United Negro College Fund.

ALBC offices are located in the Adams Building of the Library of Congressmarker in Washington, D.C.


Established by the United States Congress, the ALBC aims to celebrate the life and legacy of Lincoln while reinvigorating his thoughts, ideals and spirit throughout America and around the world. The commission’s goals highlight numerous projects and cultural events including nine signature events:

Other ALBC tributes slated for the next two years include:

Additional Lincoln Bicentennial events include:
  • A week-long Lincoln Bicentennial Bike Tour, Tour de Lincoln, from August 16–23, 2008 which begins at Lincoln's birthplace in Hodgenville, Kentuckymarker and concludes in Springfield, Illinoismarker.
  • An international symposium in Parismarker, Francemarker.
  • Forever Free: Abraham Lincoln's Journey to Emancipation Traveling Exhibit.

State liaisons

Governor-appointed liaisons from each state make up the ALBC's Governor Council. These liaisons serve as a contact point between the national ALBC and their state, and coordinate their own Bicentennial programs and events.

In addition to each liaison, 24 states have established a Lincoln Bicentennial Commission:


The ALBC has collaborated with numerous scholars and public figures as well as cultural and educational institutions to help educate and engage the public. An advisory board features over 150 scholars, politicians and Lincoln enthusiasts. Among them are Michael Beschloss, David Blight, Ken Burns, Richard Carwardine, David Herbert Donald, John Hope Franklin, Doris Kearns Goodwin, Dr. Allen C. Guelzo, James M. McPherson, Douglas Wilson, Vernon Burton, Mario M. Cuomo, Dr. Roger Wilkins, Jack Kemp and Sam Waterston.

In conjunction with the Library of Congressmarker, the ALBC has also worked to help create an interactive exhibit titled With Malice Toward None. Free to the public and scheduled to open February 12, 2009, the exhibit highlights Lincoln’s ideals and struggles and will feature original speeches, letters, photos and artifacts.

Major organizations supporting Lincoln’s Bicentennial include the New York Historical Societymarker; Huntington Librarymarker in San Marino, Californiamarker; the National Archivesmarker in Washingtonmarker; the Chicago Museum of History; the Newberry Librarymarker in Chicagomarker; Organization of American Historians; and the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museummarker in Springfield, Illinoismarker; the Lincoln Museum in Fort Wayne, Indianamarker; the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History; Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States (MOLLUS); the Fetzer Institute in Kalamazoomarker, Michiganmarker; the National Park Service; and C-SPAN.

Other partnerships in formation include Prudential, United Airlines, Motorola, The Kennedy Family Foundation and the Lilly Endowment Foundation.

Kentucky Inaugural Celebration

On February 11–12, 2008, the ALBC launched its two-year celebration of Lincoln's 200th birthday. The two day event began in Louisville at the historic Henry Clay Hotel. Pulitzer Prize winning author Doris Kearns Goodwin, McConnell Center senior fellow Dr. Thomas Mackey and African-American historian Dr. Gerald L. Smith addressed the crowd during the Lincoln on Leadership Symposium.

That evening, the Kentucky Center for the Performing Arts hosted A Kentucky Salute to Abraham Lincoln. Popular radio journalist and Louisville native, Bob Edwards served as master of ceremonies. Performances included the Louisville Orchestra and opera soprano Angela Brown. Film producer Jerry Bruckheimer and his wife Linda Bruckheimer, a Kentucky native, welcomed the audience. American composer Peter Schickele premiered his new piece, Lincoln at Ease.

Capping the evening was award-winning actor Sam Waterston and Lincoln scholar Harold Holzer with their critically acclaimed production Lincoln Seen and Heard, a narrated and dramatic presentation of Lincoln’s life.

A snow storm hit that evening and the next morning, on Lincoln's 199th birthday, icy roads forced the cancellation of the formal inaugural ceremony at the Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site in Hodgenville, KY.

First Lady Laura Bush was scheduled to deliver the keynote address. Other speakers included United States Secretary of the Interior Dirk Kempthorne, ALBC Commissioners Tommy Turner and Harold Holzer, U.S. Congressman Ron Lewis (R-KY) and Kentucky Governor Steve Beshear. Award winning actor Sam Waterston was set to narrate the Gettysburg Address. Period music by the famed brass band Saxton's Cornet Band and the American Spiritual Ensemble was also planned.

Lincoln Mother’s Day Celebration

On May 11, 2008, the ALBC celebrated its second national signature event in Lincoln Citymarker, Indianamarker. Paying tribute to the women in Lincoln’s life, the Lincoln Mother’s Day Celebration also served as the statewide Lincoln Bicentennial kick-off for the Indiana ALBC. However, blustering wind and rainy conditions nearly cancelled the tribute. Scheduled for the Lincoln Boyhood National Memorialmarker, the commemoration survived after National Park Service relocated the event to the Lincoln State Parkmarker.

ALBC Commissioners Joan Flinspach and Dr. Darrel Bigham addressed the audience along with Indiana Governor Mitch Daniels and Congressman Baron Hill.

Rise Up and Hear: An Evening of Poetry Honoring Abraham Lincoln's Legacy

In collaboration with the National Endowment for the Arts and the Poetry Foundation, the ALBC showcased an evening of poetry and music enjoyed by Lincoln as well as works inspired by his leadership. Featuring a variety of well-known poets and actors, the program included readings of contemporary and classic poems.

Special guests included actors Joan Allen and Sam Waterston. Dana Gioia, poet and Chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts led the evening festivities. Other attendees included former Secretary of Interior Dirk Kempthorne; ALBC Co-Chair Harold Holzer; Poet and President of the Poetry Foundation John Barr; Former U.S. Poet Laureate Robert Pinsky; and 2008 Poetry Out Loud National Champion Shawntay Henry. The band Dead Man's Hollow performed Lincoln-era music.

The September 22, 2008 event took place at the Sidney Yates Auditorium in the United States Department of Interiormarker.

National Teach-In

The Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission, in partnership with the History Channel, featured a National Teach-In on the life and legacy of Abraham Lincoln broadcast live from the National Archives in Washington, D.C.

The special live event featured Lincoln scholars, Doris Kearns Goodwin, Matthew Pinsker and Harold Holzer, sharing their expertise and answering students’ questions.

Over 5,000 schools from the US and countless more from nine different countries participated. The webcast sparked hundreds of people to submit questions. A sampling of those questions along with a preview and photos from the National Teach-in can be found here.

Lincoln Memorial Rededication Series

A three-part event, the Lincoln Memorial Rededication Series featured appearances by some of America’s most notable figures, including Members of Congress, Michael Feinstein, Colin Powell and the U.S. Marine Corps Band.

February 12, 2009

Birthday Tribute and Wreath-Laying Ceremony - 8:00 AM:

Four-time Grammy-nominated singer Michael Feinstein sang the National Anthem, accompanied by the U.S. Marine Corps Band. Acclaimed poet and author Nikki Giovanni recited her new work, "At this Moment", written especially for the Bicentennial. And ALBC Co-Chairs Senator Dick Durbin and Harold Holzer addressed the crowd.

Other attendees and speakers included Secretary of Transportation Ray LaHood, Secretary of Interior Ken Salazar; MOLLUS 57th Commander-in-Chief Karl Schaeffer and Gordon R. Bury, 54th MOLLUS Commander-in-Chief; and retired Rhode Island Supreme Court Chief Justice – and ALBC Commissioner – Frank J. Williams who read the Gettysburg Address with school children from Strong John Thomson Elementary School in Washington, DC.

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces Judge Scott Stucky was Master of Ceremonies.

Wreaths were presented on behalf of the people of the United States, the diplomatic corps, and various hereditary organizations, including the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States in a stirring ceremony.

Photos from that morning and a video of Michael Feinstein's performance can be found at the Lincoln Bicentennial's website.

Bicameral Celebration of Abraham Lincoln’s Birthday: A Congressional Tribute - 11:30 AM:

President Barack Obama paid tribute to the former legislator from Illinois in the United States Capitol rotundamarker and US Army Chorus resoundingly performed "Battle Hymn of the Republic" as House and Senate leaders convened to commemorate Lincoln's 200th birthday.

Senators Dick Durbin, Jim Bunning, Mitch McConnell and Harry Reid addressed the assembly and Illinois Congressmen Jesse Jackson, Jr and Donald Manzullo recited the Gettysburg Address. Other speakers included Rep. John Boehner; House Speaker Nancy Pelosi; ALBC Co-Chair Harold Holzer; Dr. Richard Norton Smith, former executive director of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Librarymarker; and Doris Kearns Goodwin, author and presidential historian.

Goodwin spoke intimately about Lincoln’s presidential leadership, and Dr. Smith addressed Lincoln’s early years as a state legislator and Member of Congress. C-SPAN provided full coverage of the Bicameral Tribute.

Below is the list of speakers (in order) with some of their remarks:

April 12, 2009

The second part of the Lincoln Memorial Rededication Series, the ALBC and NPS combined efforts to produce the Marian Anderson Tribute and Naturalization Ceremony.

In 1939, on Easter Sunday, contralto Marian Anderson performed on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial after the Daughters of the American Revolution barred her from singing at Constitution Hallmarker due to the color of her skin.

On April 12, 2009, seventy years after Anderson set the stage for the modern civil rights era, acclaimed mezzo-soprano Denyce Graves performed at the Lincoln Memorial in a joyous Easter Sunday Concert paying tribute to Marian Anderson's performance.

Graves was joined by the internationally renowned a capella ensemble Sweet Honey in the Rock and the world famous Chicago Children’s Choir. Founded in 1956 at the First Unitarian Church in Chicago, by the late Rev. Christopher Moore.

Marian Anderson, who was born in 1897, was described as having “a voice heard once in a hundred years.” Yet in 1939, she was denied the right to perform in Washington, DC’s Constitution Hall due to the color of her skin. Through the efforts of Anderson, the NAACP, First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, and Interior Secretary Harold Ickes, arrangements were made to hold the concert on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial.

Sponsored by the McCormick Foundation and others, the tribute also featured a naturalization ceremony of 191 new American citizens representing 56 countries. Gen. Colin Powell, the son of two Jamaicanmarker immigrants, delivered the key note address.

The picturesque day concluded with the U.S. Marine Band performing John Philip Sousa's "The Stars and Stripes Forever."

May 30, 2009

On May 30, 1922 President Warren G. Harding commemorated the life of President Lincoln with the dedication of the Lincoln Memorial. Exactly four score and seven years later the ALBC, National Park Service, Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States and the Military District of Washington, presented a Rededication Retrospective.

The program, which began at 2:25 p.m. at the Lincoln Memorial, featured special guest speakers that delivered remarks about how Abraham Lincoln and the Lincoln Memorial remained entwined as beacons of freedom. The program also featured performances by the United States Marine Band and by William Farley, winner of Poetry Out Loud, who read Poet and well-known Abraham Lincoln biographer Carl Sandburg's The People, Yes.

Speakers and performers included:

National Town Hall Meetings

On July 22, 2008 over 30 leaders from the fields of government, non-profit, civics, journalism, arts, humanities and education, met with the ALBC to discuss a series of National Town Halls.

Hosted by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholarsmarker in Washington, D.C., meeting attendants included U.S. Rep. Jesse Jackson Jr. (D-IL), chairman of the ALBC’s town hall initiative; current Secretary of Transportation Ray LaHood, then ALBC co-chair; former HUD Secretary Jack Kemp; William H. Gray III, former congressman and president of the United Negro College Fund; and Jim O’Shea, former managing editor of the Los Angeles Times. University of Chicagomarker historians Charles Branham and Adam Green moderated the discussion.

The result: Ten cities (and later an 11th) chosen to lead discussions on Race, Freedom and Equality of Opportunity and focus on connecting Lincoln to the present day. To date, Gettysburg; Washington, DC; Detroit; Chicago; and the USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72) in Everett, WA have featured Town Halls. Discussion topics have included political representation, liberty and justice, immigration, voting rights, interracial roots, leadership and the military, and reconstruction.

Future Town Halls include Cincinnati, Boston, Miami, Newark/New York, Atlanta, and Los Angeles.

The ALBC national Town Halls are a joint collaboration with the Fetzer Institute of Kalamazoomarker, Michiganmarker and a multiplicity of co-conveners.

Visit the ALBC for more details and information on the National Town Hall Series.

Gettysburg, PA

Gettysburg College hosted the first national Town Hall on November 20, 2008. Panelists included Congressman Jesse Jackson, Jr., Secretary Jack Kemp, Dr. Allen Guelzo, Susan Eisenhower and Executive Director of the Pennsylvaniamarker Governor's Advisory Commission on Latino Affairs Norman Bristol Colon. Charles R. Branham, senior historian at the DuSable Museum of African American Historymarker in Chicagomarker moderated the discussion.

Over 300 people filled Union Ballroom as the panelists highlighted President Lincoln's role and impact during the American Civil War. Topics of discussion included race relations, equality of opportunity, the 2008 presidential election and cultural progression in America.

USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72) - Everett, WA

Focusing on "Lincoln, Leadership, and the Military," the February 27, 2009 meeting on board the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, USS Abraham Lincoln was the second of 11 town halls.

The program, produced in cooperation with the aircraft carrier’s commanders and the Stennis Center for Public Service Leadership, included:

  • Matthew Pinsker, history professor at Dickinson College and author of Lincoln's Santuary: Abraham Lincoln and the Solider's Home.
  • Robin Read, president of the National Foundation for Women's Legislators
  • Joseph P. Reidy, Howard University history professor renowned for his scholarly work on African American sailors in the Civil War Navy
  • Donald Scott, retired U.S. Army general, expert on military leadership.

In addition to the give-and-take of the town hall, the Lincoln’s crew heard the world-premiere of “Letters From Lincoln,” a newly commissioned jazz work by Anthony Davis, composer of operas X, The Life and Times of Malcolm X; Under the Double Moon; and Amistad.

A congressional delegation, led by U.S. Reps. Norm Dicks (D-Wash.) and Rick Larsen (D-Wash.), also visited the carrier and participated in the town hall meeting.

Adam Green, associate professor of history at the University of Chicagomarker whose work has focused on African American and U.S. history and comparative racial politics, moderated.

Washington, D.C.

Hosted by the Historical Society of Washington, DCmarker, the ALBC's third national Town Hall focused on Race, Freedom, & Equality of Opportunity: The Right to Vote.

The distinguished panel explored the history of voting and voting rights in the U.S.; the struggle for voting rights waged by various groups of Americans; the cultural importance of casting a ballot as civic participation and empowerment; and how the District’s voting limbo is part of that history.

Panelists included:

Congressman Jesse Jackson, Jr. and Howard Universitymarker History professor, Dr. Edna Greene Medford delivered stirring and exceptional remarks.

The March 19, 2009 town hall also featured live musical performances from DC artists Rasi Caprice, Joe L Da Vessel and Chinwe Enu.

Askia Mohammad, news director of WPFW-FM Radio 89.3 and National Newspapers Publishers Association (NNPA) Syndicated Columnist, moderated the discussion.

Detroit, MI

In the fourth National Town Hall, the ALBC partnered with The Henry Ford Museum. The April 20, 2009 town hall discussed issues pertaining to Race, Freedom & Equality of Opportunity.

Participants included:

Chicago, IL

How do the stories we tell shape history, and how does history shape the stories we tell? This question highlighted the themes at the ALBC's fifth town hall. The June 29, 2009 program featured a conversation between Harvard professor Henry Louis Gates, Jr. and Chicago newspaperman Rick Kogan. The event was held at the Chicago Public Library.

Endorsed Events

The ALBC has endorsed 224 events and programs representing 37 states and two foreign nations. The full list can be found here.

ALBC Exhibits

The Library of Congressmarker opened "With Malice Toward None: The Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Exhibition" on February 12, 2009. Charting Lincoln's growth from prairie lawyer to preeminent statesman, the exhibit addresses the monumental issues Lincoln faced including slavery and race, dissolution of the Union and the American Civil War. The traveling exhibition features numerous photographs, letters, speeches, and campaign artifacts rarely seen by the public. Dates for "With Malice Toward None: The Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Exhibit" can be found below:

February 12 - May 9, 2009: Library of Congress, Washington, DC

June 22–August 22, 2009: The California Museum, Sacramento, CA

October 10–December 19, 2009: Newberry Library, Chicago, IL

February 22–April 22, 2010: Indiana State Museum, Indianapolis, IN

September 4–November 6, 2010: Atlanta History Center, Atlanta, GA

January 8, 2011–March 5, 2011: Durham Western Heritage Museum, Omaha, NE

A chronological list of additional national exhibits celebrating Lincoln's 200th birthday can be found on the Bicentennial website. This is not an exhaustive list.

Related Events

New-York Historical Societymarker is exhibiting a selection of handwritten public documents and letters in "Lincoln in His Own Words: An Intimate Portrait Of Our Greatest President" through July 12, 2009. Starting in October 2009, New-York Historical Society will mount "Lincoln and New York," an exhibition curated by Lincoln Bicentennial Commission co-chair Harold Holzer .

The Global Lincoln

Oxford University was the site of a global conference discussing Lincoln’s international significance and appeal. Scholars from around the world gathered at St. Catherine’s Collegemarker on July 3–5, 2009. The conference, titled Global Lincoln: An International Conference, focused on four subjects:
  • Lincoln, the United States and the World
  • Lincoln the Emancipator and Liberator
  • Lincoln the Nationalist Unifier and Modernizer
  • Lincoln the Progressive and Democrat

Professor Richard Carwardine moderated the conference.

Lincoln, the United States and the World

Contributions by Professor Carwardine, Dr. Jay Sexton of Oxford, Odd Arne Westad of London School of Economics and Lincoln scholar Harold Holzer explored Lincoln's understanding of the globe and US role in foreign affairs.

Dr. Sexton considered the ways in which American educators and statesmen attempted to project an image of the Lincoln across the globe, particularly during the Cold War and when formulating and articulating American foreign policy. Dr. Westad expanded on the Cold War and explored the ways in which peoples and states conceived of Lincoln and used his image for their own purposes. Finally, ALBC Commissioner Harold Holzer examined prints and statues of Lincoln’s image across the world.

Lincoln the Emancipator and Liberator

Part two of the conference focused on Lincoln’s international view as an emancipator and liberator. Professor Norman Saul of Kansas State delivered a Russian perspective of Lincoln and the president’s image in the context of Russia’s revolutionary changes during the birth of the soviet era. The discussion continued with a Latin America perspective from Professor Nicola Miller of the University College of London. Professor Miller examined how Lincoln served as a powerful symbol in Brazil and Cuba during those country’s emancipation.

Finally, historian David Blight of Yale University revisited the perceptions of southerners during Lincoln’s era. Initially, many feared him as the embodiment of ‘Black Republicanism’ but after the war these same southerners came to recognize him as the charitable alternative to the regime of radical Republicans during Reconstruction.

Lincoln the Nationalist Unifier and Modernizer

Part three focused on the time period between 1865–1945. Professor Eugenio Biagini of the University of Cambridge examined the perceptions of Lincoln in Germany and Italy as they underwent parallel processes of unification and economic growth. Other discussion topics included Lincoln’s influence in East Asia, India, South Africa and during the Spanish Civil War with the “Lincoln Brigades.“

Lincoln the Progressive and Democrat

Plans to explore Lincoln’s legacy and reputation throughout Great Britain and Ireland. Adam I.P. Smith, University College London, discussed Lincoln's legacy as it relates to Scotlandmarker and Englandmarker.

A Walesmarker perspective came from Kenneth O. Morgan of University of Oxford. Professor Morgan addressed Lincoln’s reputation and influence in Wales during the later nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Professor Kevin Kenny of Boston College discussed Lincoln's relationship with Ireland. Professor Kenny broadened the discussion to include the Irish in America. The main focus was Lincoln's image in debates regarding Irish nationalism and Ireland’s place in the Union.

See also


  1. "About the Commission" copyright 2007, retrieved August 16, 2009
  2. "Commissioners" Retrieved August 16, 3209
  3. "Commission Staff" Retrieved August 16, 2009
  4. "Bicentennial Cabinet" Retrieved August 16, 2009
  5. [1]
  6. [2]
  7. [3]

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