Accra ( ) is the capital and most populous city of Ghana, a nation on
the coast of the western region of Africa. The city also doubles as the capital of the
Region, and of the Accra Metropolis District with which it is coterminous.
It is the
administrative, communications, and economic center of the country.
Over 70% of Ghana's manufacturing capacity is located within this
region district. Accra has been Ghana's capital since 1877, and
contains public buildings reflecting its transition from a 19th
century suburb of Victoriasborg to the modern metropolis it is
attractions of Accra are the National Museum, with a display of
exhibits that reflect the heritage of Ghana from prehistoric times
to modern times, the National
Theatre with its distinct modern
architecture, Independence Square, the Kwame
Nkrumah Mausoleum, the Accra International
Conference Centre, the fishing port at Jamestown and Makola Market.
Accra was founded by the Ga
the late 1400s. The word Accra is derived from the word
meaning "ants" in Akan
, a reference to the numerous anthills
seen in the countryside around Accra. During part of its
history, Accra served as a centre for trade with the Portuguese, who built a fort in the town,
followed by the Swedish, Dutch, French, British and Danish by the end
of the seventeenth century.
of present-day Accra developed into a sizable town around the
original Ga town as well as British, Danish and Dutch forts and their surrounding communities: Jamestown near the British fort, Osu near the Danish Christiansborg fort (now Osu Castle) and Ussherstown near
the Dutch Ussher fort.
The four areas form the core of the
captured by the British in 1874, and, in 1877, at the end of the
second Anglo-Asante War, Accra
Coast as the capital of the British Gold Coast colony.
the completion of a railway to the mining and agricultural
interior, Accra became the economic centre of Ghana. Large areas were
destroyed by earthquakes in 1862 and
1939, but the city grew around a seaport
(now relocated to Tema), and later
a brewery, expanding into neighbouring
Accra Riots in 1948 launched the
Ghanaian campaign for independence, which in part led to Ghana's
independence from the United Kingdom and nationhood in 1957.
District is governed by the 104-member Accra Metropolitan Assembly
(AMA), with governance over 200 square
It is further divided into 11
- Ablekuma Central
- Ablekuma North
- Ablekuma South
- Ashiedu Keteke
- Ayawaso Central
- Ayawaso East
- Ayawaso West Wuogon
- Okaikoi North
- Okaikoi South
- Osu Klottey
The population of Accra itself was recorded as 1,658,937 in 2000,
on an upward trend for some time.
Accra features a tropical
, with wet seasons and dry seasons. Accra
actually has two rainy seasons, with the heaviest rains falling
from April to July and a weaker rainy season in September and
October. There is a brief dry spell in August and a more pronounced
dry season from December through February. As is the case in a good
portion of West Africa, the main dry season is accompanied by
winds from the Sahara Desert,
which between November and February can be quite strong. On average
the hottest month is February; with a mean temperature of about
28°C (83°F); while August is the coolest month with an average
temperature of about 25°C (77°F). However it should be noted that
the "cooler" months tend to be more humid than the warmer months.
As a result, during the warmer months and particularly during the
windy harmattan season, it's a breezy "dry heat" and doesn't feel
as warm as the more humid but "cooler" rainy season.
Ghana International Airlines
has its head office in the Silver Star Tower in Airport City,
Prior to its dissolution, Ghana Airways
was headquartered in the Ghana
Airways House in the Airport Residential Area.
There is a percieved problem with street
in Accra, mainly carried out by internal immigrants
from the north of Ghana. This is often
to raise funds for their education. Goods sold commonly include
fruit, beverages and mobile phones
outskirts of Accra there are three popular secondary schools:
Secondary School, commonly referred to as "Motown", which was
founded in 1924 and opened in 1927; the Presbyterian
Boys' Secondary, commonly known as "Presec"; Aburi Girls Secondary
School, popularly known as (Abugiss), one of the well known girls'
boarding school in Ghana; and St
Thomas Aquinas Secondary School, commonly known as
vicinity of these two secondary schools is Ghana's first tertiary
institution, the University of Ghana.
Accra Conference Centre
It is located 13 km north at Legon.
Quite recently, another tertiary institution - Ashesi University -
was established in Accra. Ghana International School
a private non-profit A-Level
in 1955 for children from ages 3–18 is located in Cantonments,
is the home of Lincoln Community School
Community School is a private, non-profit International Baccalaureate
school for students aged
3–18, and was established in 1968. American International
School of Accra
is also, unsurprisingly, in Accra.
served by Kotoka International Airport, which has both civil and military uses.
is the centre of two of Ghana's three main railway lines: those to
Kumasi and Takoradi.See Transport in
for more details.
Football is the most popular sport in Accra, as in the rest of the
country. The most famous football club in the city is Accra Hearts of Oak
and their main
rivals are Asante Kotoko
Stadium, home to the Hearts of Oak and the regular pitch of
the Black Stars (the national team), in
2008 hosted 9 matches in the 2008 African Cup of
Accra's most populous street, Oxford Street is
lined with numerous stalls selling football jerseys of various
teams.Michael Essien of Chelsea Football Club, in England, is one
of the most successful footballers to come out of Ghana, (after
legends like Abedi Pele) along with Steven Appiah, who is currently
a free agent. Ghana also appeared in the 2006 World Cup, putting
their nation on the world footballing map.
Accra is home to the National
Museum of Ghana
, the Ghana Academy of Arts and
, the National
Archives of Ghana
, and Ghana's central library
. Also of note is
Christianborg or Osu Castle, built by the Danes in the 17th
century, Golden Jubilee House, the new residence cum office of the
president of Ghana inaugurated in
Jan 2009, the National
Centre for National Culture, a lighthouse, the Ohene Djan Stadium, the Accra International
Conference Centre, the W. E. B.
Du Bois Memorial
Centre for Pan-African Culture
and several beaches
. Near the Parliament of Ghana
is the Ghana-India
Kofi Annan Centre of Excellence in ICT
The Kwame Nkrumah
Memorial is located
in downtown Accra.
is a neighborhood in the city known
for its dining and nightlife options.
Accra is the sister city of: