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Adlai Ewing Stevenson III (born October 10, 1930, in Chicagomarker) is an Americanmarker politician of the Democratic Party. He represented the state of Illinoismarker in the United States Senate from 1970 until 1981.

Education, military service, and early career

He received a law degree in (1957).

Stevenson was commissioned as a lieutenant in the U.S. Marine Corps. He continued to serve in the Marine Reserves and was discharged in 1961 as a captain.

In 1957, Stevenson went to work as a clerk for a Justice of the Illinois Supreme Courtmarker and worked there until 1958 when he joined the law firm of Brown and Platt.

Political career

In 1964, Stevenson was elected to the Illinois House of Representatives, in which capacity he served from 1965 to 1967. He then served as Illinois Treasurer (1967–1970).

After U.S. Senator Everett Dirksen (R-Ill.marker) died in office in 1969 and Ralph Tyler Smith was appointed to the seat, Stevenson defeated Smith in a 1970 special election (during which a young intern named Karl Rove gained experience working for Smith) to fill Dirksen's unexpired term. Stevenson introduced legislation requiring an end to all foreign aid to South Vietnam by June 30, 1975. . He authored the International Banking Act, the Stevenson Wydler-Technology Innovation Act and its' companion, the Bayh Dole Act, to foster cooperative research, orgaize national laboratories for technology utilization and commercialization, permit private sector interests in government funded research. He was the first Chairman of the Senate Ethics Committee charged with implementing a code of ethics he helped draft. Stevenson was also chairman of a Special Senate Committee which reorganized the Senate and served on the Democratic Policy Committee. Inter alia, he also conducted the first in depth Congressional study of terrorism as Chairman of the Subcommittee on the Collection and Production of Intelligence, leading to introduction of the Comprehensive Counter Terrorism Act of 1971 with warnings of "spectacular acts of disruption and destruction" and another measure to distance the US from the settlements policy of the newly elected Likud government of Israel.

Stevenson was re-elected to the seat in 1974, and in 1980 declined to stand for re-election, thus serving in the U.S. Senate from 1970 to 1981.

Stevenson was encouraged to run for President in 1976 by Mayor Richard J. Daley of Chicago, declined and was one of the finalists for Vice-President at the Democratic Convention that year. Daley's push to get Stevenson on the ticket as the vice presidential candidate collapsed and Senator Walter Mondale of Minnesota was nominated for vice president.

Post-Senate political career

Stevenson ran for Governor of Illinois in 1982 and 1986, losing both elections to James R. Thompson. In 1982 the initial vote count showed Stevenson winning; however, the final official count showed him losing by 1/7 of one percent. Stevenson promptly petitioned the Illinois Supreme Courtmarker for a recount and presented evidence of widespread election irregularities, including evidence of a failed punch card system for tabulation of votes (later to become infamous in the presidential election of 2000). Three days before the gubernatorial inauguration, the Court, by a one vote margin, denied the recount, asserting that the Illinois recount statute was unconstitutional. Several young Thompson staffers were later convicted of vote fraud in that campaign.

In the 1986 campaign for Governor, in a fluke, two followers of Lyndon LaRouche won the Democratic Party primary nominations for Lieutenant Governor and Secretary of State. Stevenson objected to their platform and refused to appear on the same ticket. Instead, he organized the Solidarity Party to provide an alternate slate for Governor, Lieutenant Governor and Secretary of State, which was duly endorsed by the regular Democratic organization. Persuading Democrats to vote a regular Democratic ticket and then cross over to also vote for the Solidarity candidates for Governor, Lt. Governor and Secretary of State was doomed to fail; however, Stevenson and the candidate for Lieutenant Governor position, Mike Howlett, won 40% of the vote.

Post-political career

Since leaving the Senate, Stevenson has been active in East Asia as Chairman of SC&M Investment Management Corporation, Co Chairman of HuaMei Capital Company (first Sino US investment bank), former Chairman, Japan America Society of Chicago, former Chairman, Midwest US Japan Association, former President US Committee of the Pacific Economic Cooperation Council, Co Chairman PECC Financial Market Development Project, Member US-Korea Wisemen Council, Member, Board of Korean Economic Institute, Chairman, Midwest US China Association, as well as other business and not for profit capacities. He is Chairman of the international Adlai Stevenson Center on Democracy housed at the family home near Libertyville, Illinois, which aims to bring practitioners from the real world of politics together with scholars, "experts" and from many parts of the world to address systemic challenges to democratic systems of government.

Stevenson honors include Order of the Sacred Treasurer from Government of Japan and Honorary Professor Renmin University, PR China.

Political family history

Stevenson's great-grandfather Adlai E. Stevenson I was vice president of the United States (1893–1897). His grandfather Lewis G. Stevenson was Illinois secretary of state (1914–1917). His father, Adlai E. Stevenson II, was governor of Illinois and two time Democratic presidential nominee. Actor McLean Stevenson was his second cousin once removed.

Adlai Stevenson IV, Stevenson III's son, became a television reporter in Chicago in the 1980s. It is reported that when asked if he liked his name, he said he intended to become "Adlai the Last" . However, in the summer of 1994, Adlai Ewing Stevenson V was born.

Further reading



References

  1. http://www.lib.niu.edu/1977/ii771121.html
  2. http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/stevenson-steward.html
  3. "Sen. Adlai Stevenson III: Staking out his role in Illinois and Washington ", Illinois Issues.


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