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The Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency is the head of the United Statesmarker federal government's Environmental Protection Agency, and is thus responsible for enforcing the nation's Clean Air and Clean Water Acts, as well as numerous other environmental statutes. The Administrator is nominated by the President of the United States and must be confirmed by a vote of the Senate. The office of Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency was created in 1970 in legislation that created the Environmental Protection Agency.

The EPA Administrator is customarily accorded Cabinet rank by the President and sits with the President, Vice President, and the 15 Cabinet Secretaries. Since the late 1980s, there has been a movement to make the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency a Cabinet Secretary, thus making the EPA a 16th Cabinet department, dealing with environmental affairs. The Administrator of the EPA is equivalent to the position of Minister of the Environment in other countries.

The current Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency is Lisa P. Jackson, who was designated by President Barack Obama on December 15, 2008, and confirmed by unaninimous consent on January 22, 2009 by the United States Senate.

List of Administrators

Administrator Term of Office President served under
William D. Ruckelshaus December 4, 1970 – April 30, 1973 Richard Nixon
Robert Fri
April 30, 1973 – September 12, 1973
Russell E. Train September 12, 1973 – January 20, 1977 Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford
John Quarles, Jr.
January 21, 1977 – March 6, 1977 Jimmy Carter
Douglas M. Costle March 7, 1977 – January 20, 1981
Steve Jellinek
January 21, 1981 – January 25, 1981 Ronald Reagan
Walter Barber, Jr.
January 25, 1981 – May 19, 1981
Anne M. Burford May 20, 1981 – March 9, 1983
William Ruckelshaus May 18, 1983 – January 4, 1985
Lee M. Thomas February 8, 1985 – January 20, 1989
William K. Reilly February 6, 1989 – January 20, 1993 George H.W. Bush
Carol Browner January 22, 1993 – January 19, 2001 Bill Clinton
Christine Todd Whitman January 31, 2001 – June 27, 2003 George W. Bush
Marianne Lamont Horinko
July 14, 2003 – November 5, 2003
Michael Leavitt November 6, 2003 – January 26, 2005
Stephen L. Johnson April 29, 2005 – January 20, 2009
Lisa P. Jackson January 22, 2009 – present Barack Obama

Acting Administrators

Note that Acting Administrators usually assume the office in the interim period between the resignation of a previous Administrator and the confirmation of his or her successor, including during the transition period between two presidential administrations, before the successor has been nominated and confirmed. Acting Administrators come from within the EPA and usually hold an office that is subject to Senate confirmation before becoming the Acting Administrator. Linda Fisher and Stephen L. Johnson had been served as Deputy Administrator when they became Acting Administrator. Marianne Lamont Horinko was an Assistant Administrator at the time. They are not subject to Senate confirmation to serve as the Acting Administrator, though to continue to serve as a full-fledged Administrator (as in the case of Lee M. Thomas or Stephen L. Johnson), they must be confirmed by the Senate.

See also

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