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The Admirable Campaign ( ) was a military action led by Simón Bolívar in which the provinces of Mérida, Barinas, Trujillo and Caracas were liberated. Its objective was to free Venezuelamarker from Spanish control, which was accomplished in conjunction with Santiago Mariño's simultaneous campaign in the east.

Overview

After the loss of the First Republic of Venezuela, Bolívar had gone to New Granada where he joined the army of the United Provinces, which was in the process of fighting with cities that did not recognize its authority. On 28 January 1813 Bolívar captured Ocañamarker, a city which was on the main roads to Venezuela. The expedition was formed by two divisions, a vanguard led by Colonel Atanasio Girardot and a rear under Colonel José Félix Ribas. At the same time Domingo de Monteverde was moving troops to western Venezuela in preparation for an invasion of New Granada, threatening the newly independent states there.

From Ocaña Bolívar moved against royalist areas of New Granada, taking the border city of Cúcuta in the Battle of Cúcuta on 28 January. Here Bolivar asked United Provinces for aid and permission to enter Venezuela through a document named the "Cartagena Manifesto" ( ). The United Provinces regarded his petition favourably taking into consideration the numerous actions that he executed for the Neogranadan government. As soon as government authorization was given, the campaign started its march into Venezuela on 16 February. The expedition marched through San Cristóbalmarker, La Gritamarker, Méridamarker and Trujillomarker. It is from this city that Bolívar issued his "Decree of War to the Death." In the Decree Bolivar announced that the patriot army will treat Spaniards and Criollos differently: "Spaniards and Canariansmarker, count on death, even if indifferent, if you do not actively work in favor of the independence of America. Americans, count on life, even if guilty." The Decree would remain in force, technically, until the treaty signed with Pablo Morillo at Santa Ana de Trujillo on 26 November 1820 regularized the rules of engagement.

The last major engagement of the campaign was the Battle of Los Horcones on 22 July. After that the expedition occupied the cities of Valenciamarker and La Victoriamarker in early August. Losing on two fronts, the royalist government surrendered on 4 August. Bolívar's forces had a triumphal entrance into the city of Caracasmarker on 6 August, bringing an end to the campaign and reestablishing the Venezuelan republic.

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