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Ahrweiler is a district in the north of Rhineland-Palatinatemarker, Germanymarker. It is bounded by (from the north and clockwise) the districts Euskirchenmarker, Rhein-Siegmarker and the city Bonnmarker in the state North Rhine-Westphaliamarker, and the districts of Neuwiedmarker, Mayen-Koblenzmarker and Vulkaneifelmarker.

History

The region was conquered by the Romans under Julius Caesar about 50 BC. Some hundred years later the Roman fort of Rigomagus was founded, later to become the city of Remagenmarker. The Vinxtbach, a narrow brook and an affluent of the Rhine, was defined as the borderline between the Roman provinces of Germania superior and Germania inferior.

Many towns were first mentioned in the 9th century, among them Ahrweiler and Sinzigmarker. In 1180 the Holy Roman Emperor Barbarossa chose Sinzig as a place to meet the envoys of Francemarker and Flanders. Another significant place was the Abbey of Maria Laachmarker on the Laacher See, a lake in the southeast of the district.

In the early years of the Holy Roman Empire there was an earldom of Ahr, but it was annexed by the bishop of Cologne in 1246. Afterwards Remagen became the most important town of the region.

The districts of Ahrweiler and Adenau were established in 1816, just after Prussia occupied the Rhineland. The district of Adenau was merged with Ahrweiler in 1932.

The battle of the Rhine bridge of Remagen in 1945 is a well-known event in local history, also due to the U.S. movie The Bridge at Remagen (1969).

Geography

The Rhinemarker forms the eastern border of the district. The Ahrmarker, a tributary of the Rhine, enters the district in the southeast and runs northeastwards to meet the Rhine within the borders of the district.

Ahrweiler is located in the northernmost part of the Eifel mountains. The mountains to the north of the Ahr River are called the Ahrberge; they are less high than the Hohe Eifel ("High Eifel") in the south of the district.

The forests of the Eifel are the result of reforestations in the 19th century. The most common tree is the fir, which was originally not native to the region. The Ahr river and its smaller affluents serve as a habitat for rare animals, that are adapted to alluvial forests. Examples are the oriole, the nightingale and the endangered black kite. Some fens in the area were drained in the 20th century. The Rodder Maar, a lake in the eastern part of the district, was drained in the 1950s, and a coniferous forest was planted on the former water body; in 1998 the lake was restored, and rare animals begin to arrive there again.

Downtown Ahrweiler during Christmas.
Ahrweiler Ahrberge.


Ahrweiler is also characterised by orchards and vineyards. The lower Ahr River is one of the northernmost wine regions of Germany, known for its red wines from Pinot noir (Spätburgunder).

The Nürburgringmarker, a famous Formula One circuit, is located in the district.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms was adopted in 1927. It displays:
  • top left: the cross of Cologne
  • top right: the heraldic eagle of the earldom of Ahr
  • bottom left: the lion of Bergmarker
  • bottom right: the former coat of arms of the Prussian Rhine province


Trivia

The city center was used as a menu backdrop in the video game Gran Turismo 5 Prologue

Towns and municipalities

Towns Verbandsgemeinden
  1. Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweilermarker
  2. Remagenmarker
  3. Sinzigmarker

Free municipality

  1. Grafschaftmarker


  1. Adenaumarker1, 2
  2. Antweilermarker
  3. Arembergmarker
  4. Barweilermarker
  5. Bauler
  6. Dankerathmarker
  7. Dorselmarker
  8. Dümpelfeldmarker
  9. Eichenbachmarker
  10. Fuchshofenmarker
  11. Harscheidmarker
  12. Herschbroichmarker
  13. Hoffeldmarker
  14. Honerathmarker
  15. Hümmelmarker
  16. Insulmarker
  17. Kaltenbornmarker
  18. Kottenbornmarker
  19. Leimbachmarker
  20. Meuspathmarker
  21. Müllenbachmarker
  22. Müschmarker
  23. Nürburgmarker
  24. Ohlenhardmarker
  25. Pomstermarker
  26. Quiddelbachmarker
  27. Reifferscheidmarker
  28. Roddermarker
  29. Schuldmarker
  30. Senscheidmarker
  31. Sierscheidmarker
  32. Trierscheidmarker
  33. Wershofenmarker
  34. Wiesemscheidmarker
  35. Wimbachmarker
  36. Winnerathmarker
  37. Wirftmarker
  1. Ahrbrückmarker
  2. Altenahrmarker1
  3. Bergmarker
  4. Dernaumarker
  5. Heckenbachmarker
  6. Hönningenmarker
  7. Kalenbornmarker
  8. Kesselingmarker
  9. Kirchsahrmarker
  10. Lindmarker
  11. Mayschoßmarker
  12. Rechmarker
  1. Bad Breisigmarker1, 2
  2. Brohl-Lützingmarker
  3. Gönnersdorfmarker
  4. Waldorfmarker
  1. Brenkmarker
  2. Burgbrohlmarker
  3. Dedenbachmarker
  4. Galenbergmarker
  5. Gleesmarker
  6. Hohenleimbachmarker
  7. Kempenichmarker
  8. Königsfeldmarker
  9. Niederdürenbachmarker
  10. Niederzissenmarker1
  11. Oberdürenbachmarker
  12. Oberzissenmarker
  13. Schalkenbachmarker
  14. Spessartmarker
  15. Wassenachmarker
  16. Wehrmarker
  17. Weibernmarker
1seat of the Verbandsgemeinde; 2town


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