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Air Canada ( , ) is Canadamarker's largest airline and flag carrier. The airline, founded in 1936, provides scheduled and charter air transportation for passengers and cargo to 96 destinations worldwide. Its largest hub is Toronto Pearson International Airportmarker in Ontariomarker. Its main base is Montreal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airportmarker in Quebecmarker. Air Canada is the world's 8th largest passenger airline by fleet size, and the airline is a founding member of Star Alliance, an alliance of 21 member airlines formed in 1997. Air Canada's corporate headquarters are located in the Saint-Laurentmarker area of Montrealmarker, Quebecmarker. The airline's parent company is the publicly traded firm ACE Aviation Holdings. Air Canada had passenger revenues of CAD$9.7 billion in 2008.

Canada's national airline originated from the Canadian federal government's 1936 creation of Trans-Canada Airlines (TCA), which began operating its first transcontinental routes in 1938. In 1965, TCA was renamed Air Canada following government approval. Following the 1980s deregulation of the Canadian airline market, the airline was privatized in 1988. In 2001, Air Canada acquired its largest rival, Canadian Airlines. In 2006, 34 million people flew with Air Canada as the airline celebrated its 70th anniversary.

Air Canada operates a fleet of Boeing 777, Boeing 767, and Airbus A330 wide-body jetliners on long-haul routes, and utilizes Airbus A320 family aircraft, including the A319, A320, and A321 variations and Embraer E170/E190 family aircraft on short-haul routes. The carrier's subsidiaries include Air Canada Cargo, ground support services, and regional airline partners, including Air Canada Jazz (which is now completely spun-off) and Air Canada Jetz. Air Canada also provides vacation packages to over 90 destinations via Air Canada Vacations. Together with its regional carriers, the airline operates on average more than 1,375 scheduled flights a day.

History

Trans-Canada Airlines

Air Canada's predecessor, Trans-Canada Airlines (TCA), was created by legislation of the federal government as a subsidiary of Canadian National Railway (CNR) on 11 April 1936. The newly created Department of Transport under Minister C. D. Howe desired an airline, under government control, to link cities on the Atlantic coast to the Pacific coast. Using $5 million (CAD) in government seed money, two Lockheed L-10 Electras and one Boeing Stearman biplane were purchased from Canadian Pacific Airlines. Experienced airline executives from United Airlines and American Airlines were brought in.

Passenger operations began on 1 September 1937, with an Electra carrying two passengers and mail from Vancouvermarker to Seattlemarker, a $14.20 round trip. On 1 July 1938, TCA hired its first flight attendants. Transcontinental routes from Montreal to Vancouver began on 1 April 1939, using 12 Lockheed L-14 Super Electras and six Lockheed L-18 Lodestars. By January 1940 the airline had grown to about 500 employees.

Air Canada DC-8 in 1964-1990s livery landing in Zurich in 1985.


In 1942, Canadian Pacific Airlines suggested merging with TCA. Prime Minister Mackenzie King rejected the proposal and introduced legislation regulating TCA as the only airline in Canada allowed to provide transcontinental flights. With the increase in air travel after World War II, CP Air was granted one coast-to-coast flight, and a few international routes.

Originally headquartered in Winnipegmarker, which was also the site of the national maintenance base, the federal government moved the headquarters to Montreal in 1949; the maintenance base later also moved east. With the development of the ReserVec in 1953, Air Canada became the first airline in the world to use a computer reservation system with remote terminals.

By 1964, TCA had grown to become Canada's national airline, and in 1964 Jean Chrétien submitted a private member's bill to change the name of the airline from Trans-Canada Airlines to Air Canada. This bill failed, but it was later resubmitted and passed, with the name change taking effect on 1 January 1965.

1970s

In 1975 Air Canada was headquartered at 1 Place Ville-Marie in Montreal.

In the late 1970s, with reorganization at CNR, Air Canada became an independent Crown corporation.

The 1980s and 1990s

In the 1980s Air Canada's debt grew as it upgraded its fleet and purchased regional airlines such as Air BC and Air Nova. A recession also added to yearly losses, $15 million in 1982. Deregulation of the Canadian airline market, under the new National Transportation Act, 1987 officially opened the airline market in Canada to equal competition. In 1988 Air Canada was privatised, and 43% of its shares are sold on the public market.

On 7 December 1987, Air Canada became the first airline in the world to have a fleet-wide non-smoking policy, and in 1989 became completely privatised. It sold the enRoute card business to Diners Club in 1992. Air Canada is a founding member of the Star Alliance, which was launched in May 1997. The airline code-shares with several of the alliance's members.



On 2 September 1998 pilots for Air Canada launched the company's first pilots' strike. At the end of 1999 the Canadian government relaxed some of the aviation regulations, aimed at creating a consolidation of the Canadian airline industry.

21st century

In January 2001 Air Canada acquired Canada's second largest air carrier, Canadian Airlines, subsequently merging the latter's operations into its own. As a result, Air Canada became the world's twelfth-largest commercial airline.

Bankruptcy and restructuring

On 1 April 2003, Air Canada filed for bankruptcy protection; it emerged from this protection on 30 September 2004, 18 months later.



During the period of bankruptcy protection, the company was subject to two competing bids from Cerberus Capital Management and Victor Li. The Cerberus bid would have seen former Prime Minister Brian Mulroney installed as chairman, being recruited by Cerberus' international advisory board chair Dan Quayle, himself the former vice president of the United States. Cerberus was rejected because it had a reputation of changing existing employee pension agreements, a move strongly opposed by the CAW. At first, Air Canada selected Victor Li's Trinity Time Investments, which initially asked for a board veto and the chairmanship in return for investing $650 million in the airline. Li, who holds dual citizenship from Canada and Hong Kongmarker, later demanded changes to the pension plan (which was not in his original takeover bid), but since the unions refused to budge, the bid was withdrawn.

Finally, Deutsche Bank unveiled an $850-million financing package for Air Canada, if it would cut $200 million in annual cost cutting in addition to the $1.1 billion that the unions agreed on in 2003. It was accepted after last-minute talks between CEO Robert Milton and CAW president Buzz Hargrove got the union concessions needed to let the bid go through.

In October 2004, Canadian singer, Celine Dion became the face of Air Canada, hoping to relaunch the airline, and draw in a more international market after an eighteen month period of bankruptcy protection. She recorded her single, You and I, which subsequentely appeared in several Air Canada commercials.

ACE Aviation Holdings is the new parent company under which the reorganised Air Canada is held.



Fleet modernization

On 31 October 2004, the last Air Canada Boeing 747 flight landed in Torontomarker from Frankfurtmarker as AC873, ending 33 years of 747 service with the airline. The Boeing 747-400 fleet was replaced by the Airbus A340 fleet.

On 19 October 2005, Air Canada unveiled a new aircraft colour scheme and uniforms. A Boeing 767-300 was painted in the new silver-blue colour, and the green tail was replaced with a new version of the maple leaf known as the 'Frosted Leaf.'

On 9 November 2005, Air Canada entered into an agreement to renew its widebody fleet with Boeing by purchasing 18 Boeing 777s (10 -300ERs, 6 -200LRs, 2 777 Freighters), and 14 Boeing 787-8s. It also placed options to purchase an additional 18 Boeing 777s and 46 Boeing 787-8s and -9s. All of the 777s will be powered by the GE90-115B engine, and the 787-8s, by the GEnx engine. Deliveries of the 777s began in March 2007 and deliveries of the 787s are to begin in 2012. As the 777s are delivered, and as the 787s are delivered, it will gradually retire all Boeing 767s and A340s.



On 24 April 2007, Air Canada announced that it has exercised half of its options for the Boeing 787 Dreamliner. The firm order for the Dreamliners is now at 37 plus 23 options, for a total of 60. This makes Air Canada the largest customer of the Dreamliner in North America and the third largest in the world (behind Qantas and All Nippon Airways). It also announced that it has cancelled orders for two Boeing 777Fs. In November 2007, Air Canada announced that it will lease an additional Boeing 777-300ER from ILFC. Air Canada has now taken delivery of the 18 Boeing 777s on order (12 -300ERs, 6 -200LRs) and still holds options for 16 more, totaling 34.

Air Canada has also taken delivery of 15 Embraer 175 and 45 Embraer 190. It holds options on an additional 60 Embraer 190s These aircraft are being used to expand its intra-Canada and Canada/USA routes. Additionally, some of the Embraer 190s will replace older A319/A320.

Project XM

Started in July 2006, and now completed, Project XM: Extreme Makeover, is a $300-million aircraft interior replacement project to install new cabins on all aircraft. New aircraft such as the Boeing 777 are being delivered with the new cabins factory installed.



New cabin features include:
  • In Executive First, new horizontal fully-flat Executive First Suites (on B767's, B777's and A330's).
  • New cabins in all classes on all aircraft.
  • Personal AVOD ( touch-screen LCD) in Economy class (domestic and international) and Executive Class (domestic). Larger AVOD ( touch-screen LCD) equipped with noise-cancelling Sennheiser headphones available in Executive First Suites.
  • Interactive games at all seats.
  • Plugs for laptops in both classes.
  • USB ports to recharge electronic devices.
  • USB ports for game controllers.
  • XM Radio Canada available at every seat.


Financial problems

Since the late 2000s, Air Canada has been facing a number of financial difficulties, including the global recession, leading to speculation that it could file for bankruptcy.

President and CEO Montie Brewer was replaced by Calin Rovinescu effective 1 April 2009. Rovinescu would become the first Canadian President since Claude Taylor in 1992. Rovinescu was Air Canada's chief restructuring officer during its 2003 bankruptcy, and is reported to be "an enforcer".

Destinations



Air Canada flies to 15 domestic destinations and 81 international destinations in 33 countries (including British overseas territories, Kingdom of the Netherlands, Overseas departments and territories of France and United States territories) across Asia, Americas, Europe and Oceania.

Air Canada has flown a number of 5th freedom routes (passenger and cargo rights between 2 non-Canadian destinations), only one of which is still operated (Santiago-Buenos Aires, during the winter season). Past 5th freedom routes have included:London Heathrow-Bombay-Singapore, London Heathrow-Delhi, London Heathrow-Nice, London Heathrow-Dusseldorf, Zurich-Delhi, Paris-Geneva, Honolulu-Sydney, and Honolulu-Melbourne
New Routes by Air Canada & Air Canada Jazz
Route Start Date Aircraft Notes
Calgary-Honolulu 5 December Boeing 767-300ER 2x weekly
Calgary-Maui 5 December Boeing 767-300ER 3x weekly
Montreal-Fort Myers 6 December Airbus A319 weekly
Montreal-Samana/El Catey 19 December Airbus A319 weekly
Toronto-La Romana 19 December Airbus A319 weekly
Ottawa-Turks & Caicos 21 December Airbus A319 weekly
Montreal-Puerto Vallarta 25 December Airbus A319 weekly
Vancouver-Varadero 25 December Boeing 767-300ER weekly
Halifax-Tampa 8 February Airbus A319 weekly
Halifax-Samana/El Catey 11 February Airbus A319 weekly
Calgary-Tokyo Narita 27 March Boeing 767-300ER 3x weekly [seasonal]
Montreal-Ottawa-Iqaluit 28 March Bombardier CRJ705 Daily
Montreal-Brussels 12 June Boeing 767-300ER Daily
Montreal-Athens 3 June Boeing 767-300ER 3x weekly [seasonal]
Montreal-Barcelona 4 June Boeing 767-300ER 3x weekly [seasonal]
Toronto-Athens 4 June Boeing 767-300ER 3x weekly [seasonal]
Toronto-Barcelona 3 June Boeing 767-300ER 3x weekly [seasonal]


On November 9, Air Canada announced that it's regional partner, Air Canada Jazz, will begin daily, nonstop service from Ottawa to Iqaluit. With this new service, Air Canada and its partners will serve every province and territory in Canada.

Fleet

The Air Canada fleet consists of 202 aircraft, as of 14 August 2009. All aircraft are now fitted with the new interior, except 3 B767-300ERs (which will soon service all-economy class routes to Athens and Barcelona). The new interior is a revamp of the cabin and the installation of individual video displays in both executive first and economy classes.
Air Canada Fleet
Aircraft Total Orders Options Passengers

(Executive/Economy)
Routes
Airbus A319 35 0 0 120 (14/106) North America, Caribbean
Airbus A320 41 0 0 146 (14/132) North America, Caribbean
Airbus A321 10 0 0 174 (20/154) North America, Caribbean
Airbus A330-300 8 0 0 265 (37/228) Atlantic, Pacific, Domestic
Boeing 767-300ER 30 0 0 191 (25/166)
211 (24/187)
244 (0/244)

Atlantic, Pacific, South America, Middle East, Hawaii, North American, Domestic
Boeing 777-200LR 6 0 18 270 (42/228) Atlantic, Pacific
Boeing 777-300ER 12 0 349 (42/307) Atlantic, Pacific, Domestic, South America
Boeing 787-8 0 37 23 TBA Atlantic, Pacific, South America, Domestic
To enter service in the second half of 2013
Embraer 175 15 0 0 73 (9/64) North America
Embraer 190 45 0 60 93 (9/84) North America, Caribbean
Total 202 37 101
*Executive Class is offered on domestic flights, Executive First on international flights.


  • Air Canada has an average fleet age of 9.2 years, as of August 2009.
  • Air Canada was the first North American airline to operate the Embraer E175, Airbus A319, A340-300, A340-500, Boeing 777-200LR and Boeing 777-300ER aircraft.
File:Air Canada Airbus.jpg|Air Canada Airbus A319-100File:AirCanadaA320takeoff YUL.jpg|Air Canada Airbus A320-200File:C-GITU-2008-09-13-YVR.jpg|Air Canada Airbus A321-200File:Air Canada Airbus A330-343 (C-GHKR).jpg|Air Canada Airbus A330-300File:Air.canada.b767-300.c-foca.arp.jpg|Air Canada Boeing 767-300ERFile:Air Canada 777.jpg|Air Canada Boeing 777-300ERFile:Embraer take-off.jpg|Air Canada Embraer 175File:Air-Canada-Embraer-190-YVR.jpg|Air Canada Embraer 190


Historic fleet

In 1963, Air Canada claimed to be the first major air carrier to have adopted turbine technology on its entire fleet for lower maintenance costs and higher productivity. It also claimed to be the first world airline to introduce jet freighter service using DC-8 equipment.

Air Canada was also one of the first airlines to have its entire fleet of unpressurised aircraft equipped with fixed oxygen systems for use by flight crew and passengers, using the rebreathing bag principle.

The following is a list of aircraft that Air Canada has operated since 1937, and are now no longer in the fleet.


On board

Air Canada has two classes of service on all aircraft. On longhaul international routes, Executive First and Economy Class are offered. Shorthaul and domestic routes feature Executive Class and Economy Class.

Air Canada Jazz features two classes of service, Executive and Economy Class, on CRJ-705 aircraft only. All other Jazz aircraft are one class service (Economy Class).

Executive First Suites (international)

Executive First Suites.


Executive First / Executive First Suites is Air Canada’s international business class product.

Executive First Suites (Project XM) are available on all A330-300, B777-300ER and B777-200LR aircraft and all but three B767-300ER aircrafts.The original Executive First class is available on the other three B767-300ER aircraft.

Executive First Suites (Project XM) feature electronic flat beds, in a 1–1–1 (B767-300ER and A330-300s) or 1–2–1 (all other aircraft) herringbone configuration with a seat width and a seat pitch. The configuration is similar in layout to Virgin Atlantic's Upper Class Suite and Air New Zealand's Business Premier Class product. Entertainment is personal AVOD (Audio Video On Demand), while music is provided by XM satellite radio. Self-service bar areas and mood lighting are available on all B777-300ER and B777-200LR aircraft.

Executive First (Original) features electronic recliner seats reclining to 151°, with a width of and a pitch of . Seat configuration is 1–2–2 or 2–2–1 seating on the 767-300ER aircraft, depending on tail fin. Entertainment provided is personal DVD player.

Executive First in-flight meal.


Executive Class (domestic)

Executive Class is Air Canada’s North American domestic first-class product.

Seat configuration varies between 1–2 (Embraers and Canadair-705s) or 2–2 (Airbuses). Recline is around 120° (Embraers and Canadair-705s) or 124° (Airbuses), with a width of (Embraers and Canadair-705s) or (Airbuses) and a pitch of (Canadair-705s) to (Embraers and Airbuses).

All seats feature AVOD and the new style cabin interiors. Music is provided by XM Satellite Radio.

Economy Class (international)

On-demand enRoute in-flight entertainment in Economy Class.
Dinner in international Economy Class.
Seats are pitched to with a width of to and a recline to around .

On aircraft fitted with Economy Class (Project XM), entertainment is personal AVOD (audio-video on demand). On Economy Class (Original) aircraft, main screen entertainment is offered. Music on both types is provided by XM Satellite Radio.

Economy Class (domestic)

For flights to North America, Sun destinations, and the Caribbean, food and beverage is provided via the Onboard Café:

Cabin crew

Air Canada has made a change in uniform by changing the dark green for a midnight blue colour. The uniforms were designed by Canadian fashion designer Debbie Shuchat. At a presentation in the Toronto Pearson International Airportmarker hangar, Celine Dion helped the newly-solvent airline debut its new image.

Maple Leaf Lounge

These lounges are open to passengers holding Executive First, or Executive Class tickets. Super Elite, and Star Alliance Gold passengers can also use the lounges. Prestige passengers may have access for a small fee, and so can members of Air Canada Maple Leaf Club, who pay for an annual membership. Select fare (Tango Plus & Latitude) and destination combinations purchased on Air Canada's website will also be given the option to add Maple Leaf Lounge access at the time of ticket holding.

Aeroplan

Aeroplan is Air Canada's frequent flier program. Miles are awarded to members, and can be used to purchase tickets on any Star Alliance airline, or other partners, such as some hotel chains. Unlike competing frequent flyer miles however, members must use their miles in a timely fashion, as the credits expire annually (if no transactions occurred within that year).

Subsidiaries

Air Canada Cargo

In Toronto, a new cargo terminal was completed in early 2002 which features modernised inventory and conveyor systems.

Air Canada Ground Handling Services

Air Canada Ground Handling Services (ACGHS) provides ground handling services to Air Canada, Jazz and a number of other carriers at their Canadian and US stations, but mainly at Canadian stations. Services covered include "above and below the wing" passenger and baggage handling services and ancillary services such as de-icing, ground support and equipment maintenance. (Subsidiary of Air Canada)

Aveos Fleet Performance Inc.

Formerly ACTS (Aero Technical Support & Services Inc.), Aveos is a full-service Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul (MRO) organisation that provides airframe, engine and component maintenance and various ancillary services to more than 100 customers. Major bases are in Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg and Vancouver.

ACE Aviation Holdings Inc. (TSX:ACE.A) owns 75 per cent of Air Canada (TSX:AC.B) and 27.8 per cent of ACTS, after selling its remaining stake in 2007 to private equity firms Kohlberg Kravis Roberts and Co. and Sageview Capital for $723 million.

On 23 September 2008, ACTS, formerly Air Canada Technical Services, changed its name to Aveos Fleet Performance Inc. to reflect its new ownership structure. Air Canada remains its largest customer.

Air Canada Vacations

Air Canada Vacations offers sun, cruise and leisure vacation packages to the Caribbean, Florida, Hawaii, Mexico, Las Vegas, Central and South America, and Asia. (Subsidiary of Air Canada)

Regional partners

Air Canada's regional partners include Air Canada Jazz, Exploits Valley Air Services (EVAS), Air Georgian, and Central Mountain Air.

Air Canada Jetz

Launched in 2002, Air Canada Jetz is a charter service targeting sports teams, professional entertainers, and corporations. Air Canada Jetz fleet consists of 5 A320 aircraft in an all business class configuration.

Former subsidiaries



  • In 2002, Air Canada launched Zip, a discount airline to compete directly with WestJet on routes in Western Canada. Zip operated ex-Canadian Airlines International 737-200's as a separate airline with its own staff and brightly painted aircraft. It also was disbanded in 2004.


  • On 1 November 2001, Air Canada launched Air Canada Tango, designed to offer no-frills service and lower fares using a dedicated fleet of 13 Airbus 320's in an all economy configuration of 159 seats. In Canada, it operated from Torontomarker to Vancouvermarker, Calgarymarker, Edmontonmarker, Winnipegmarker, Ottawamarker, Montrealmarker and Halifaxmarker. In addition, it operated non-stop service between Toronto and Fort Lauderdalemarker, Orlandomarker and Tampamarker; as well as non-stop service between Montreal and Fort Lauderdale and Orlando. Tango was intended to compete with Canada 3000. The Tango service was dissolved in 2004. Air Canada now calls its lowest fare class "Tango" (Tango and Tango Plus), paying homage to the low-cost experiment.


  • Aeroplan is Air Canada's loyalty marketing program operated by Groupe Aeroplan Inc. Group Aeroplan Inc. was spun-off from Air Canada.


Corporate affairs

Headquarters

Air Canada Centre, also known as La Rondelle ("The Puck" in French), is the corporate headquarters of Air Canada, located on the grounds of Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airportmarker and in Saint-Laurentmarker, Montrealmarker. In 1994 David Israelson of the Toronto Star described the facility as "ultra modern." In 1990 the airline announced that it was moving its headquarters from Downtown Montreal to the airport to cut costs. In 2004 the company said that it has no plans to move its headquarters back to Downtown Montreal.

Executives

CEO and President

Codeshare agreements

Air Canada has codeshare agreements with:





Note: * indicates Star Alliance partners; Air Canada is one of the founding members of Star Alliance.

Incidents and accidents

Date Flight number Information
29 November 1963 Flight 831* McDonnell Douglas DC-8, stalled on takeoff out of Montreal-Dorval International Airport. All 118 lives were lost on board, making it one of the deadliest air disasters in Canadian history.

*Company was known as Trans-Canada Air Lines in 1963.
13 June 1964 Vickers Viscount CF-THT of was damaged beyond economical repair when it crash-landed at Toronto Pearson International Airportmarker after the failure of two engines on approach.
19 May 1967 McDonnell Douglas DC-8, crashed and burned on a training flight while making a three-engine landing at Ottawamarker, Ontariomarker. All 3 crew members were killed. There were no passengers on the flight.
11 September 1968 A Vickers Viscount of Air Canada was reported to have been hijacked by a Cubanmarker passenger.
7 September 1969 Vickers Viscount CF-THK was damaged beyond economic repair by a fire which occurred on take-off from Sept-Îles Airportmarker. The aircraft landed back at Sept-Îles but one passenger was killed in the fire.
1 March 1970 Vickers Viscount CF-THY of collided in mid-air with Ercoupe 415 CF-SHN on approach to Vancouver International Airportmarker. The Ercoupe pilot was killed.
5 July 1970 Flight 621marker McDonnell Douglas DC-8, exploded from a fuel line rupture caused by engine 4 striking the runway in Torontomarker, Ontariomarker during the first landing attempt. All 109 passengers/crew were killed.
21 June 1973 McDonnell Douglas DC-8 caught fire and was burnt out during refueling at Terminal 2, Torontomarker, Ontariomarker; no fatalities.
26 June 1978 Flight 189 McDonnell Douglas DC-9, overran the runway in Toronto after a blown tire aborted the takeoff. Two of 107 people on board were killed.
2 June 1983 Flight 797 McDonnell Douglas DC-9, had an electrical fire in the aft lavatory during flight, resulting in an emergency landing at Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airportmarker. During emergency exiting, the sudden influx of oxygen caused a flash fire throughout the cabin, resulting in the deaths of 23 of the 41 passengers, including Canadian folk singer Stan Rogers. All five crew members survived. This is Air Canada's most recent fatal accident.
23 July 1983 Flight 143marker Boeing 767, glided to an emergency landing in Gimli, Manitobamarker after running out of fuel above Red Lakemarker, Ontariomarker. Few people suffered minor injuries during the evacuation due to the steep angle of the escape chute at the rear of the plane; caused by the collapsed nose at the front. This incident was the subject of the TV movie, Falling from the Sky: Flight 174, starring William Devane, and the book, Freefall, by William Hoffer.
2 June 1982 McDonnell Douglas DC-9 exploded during a maintenance period in Montrealmarker, Quebecmarker; no fatalities.
28 March 1989 Air Canada Cargo McDonnell Douglas DC-8 flight from Torontomarker to Vancouvermarker with stops in Winnipegmarker and Edmontonmarker slammed down hard onto the runway during landing in Edmonton resulting in the plane leaving the runway for more than 900 feet on the frozen ground and damaging both outboard engines. Icing on the right wing was blamed for the incident. There were no fatalities, but the CASB felt a disaster was averted due to the plane stalling just above the runway, and because the ground hadn't yet thawed. One CASB official was quoted as saying "Ten seconds earlier or three weeks later and we'd be picking up bits and pieces".
16 December 1997 Air Canada CRJ-100, went off the end of the runway upon landing in Frederictonmarker, New Brunswickmarker. There were no fatalities.
10 August 2006 Flights 849, 865 Air Canada flights to Torontomarker and Montrealmarker were among the seven planes allegedly targeted in a massive bomb plot that was being planned in Britain. Air Canada Flight 849 that leaves Heathrow daily at 15:00 for Toronto and the regular Air Canada Flight 865 that leaves at 15:15 for Montreal. All were to be detonated simultaneously as the planes crossed the Atlantic Ocean carrying between 240 and 285 people each. Both aircraft being Airbus A330-300s.
20 May 2007 Jazz Flight 8911 A Bombardier CRJ-100 flight, which originated in Monctonmarker, had its main landing gear collapse at Toronto-Pearson International Airportmarker while turning from the runway onto the taxiway. There were no injuries. The aircraft C-FRIL was written off and was cancelled from the Canadian Aircraft Register on 18 July 2007
10 January 2008 Air Canada Flight 190 Air Canada flight 190, an Airbus 319, heading from Victoria to Torontomarker, plunged in the air for thousands of meters for approximately 15 seconds, until the pilots were able to regain the control and fly the plane manually. The plane made an emergency landing in Calgarymarker. Two crew members and eight passengers were admitted to hospital but released the same day. The cause of the incident is unknown but a computer failure was initially suspected.
24 April 2009 Flight 034 Air Canada Flight AC34, a Boeing 777-200LR, (Sydneymarker to Vancouvermarker) encounters severe turbulence related to storm activity 1 hour northeast of Honolulumarker. The normally direct flight was forced to return back to an unscheduled stop in Honolulu where the injured passengers and crew were treated. While initial reports said that up to 22 people suffered injuries during the turbulence, the official press release from Air Canada reported 9 passengers and 2 crew were injured while an additional 2 crew and 2 passengers remained in hospital in Honolulu. After 2 hours in Honolulu the flight continued on to Vancouver, arriving before 12:00 local time instead of the scheduled 07:30. Unconfirmed reports from passengers on the ground after landing say the turbulence lasted up to 10 minutes with little or no warning before the event.


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