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Al Jazeera English is a 24-hour English-language news and current affairs TV channel headquartered in Doha, Qatarmarker. It is the sister channel of the Arabic-language Al Jazeera.

The station broadcasts news features and analysis, documentaries, live debates, current affairs, business, technology, and sports. The station claims to be the first global high-definition television network.

Al Jazeera English is the world’s first English-language news channel headquartered in the Middle East. The channel aims to provide both a regional voice and a global perspective to a potential world audience of over one billion English speakers but without an Anglo-American worldview. Instead of being run under central command, news management rotates around broadcasting centers in Kuala Lumpur, Doha, London and Washington, DCmarker, "following the sun." Al-Jazeera is owned by the government of Qatarmarker.


The station also aims "to give voice to untold stories, promote debate, and challenge established perceptions", and to "set the news agenda, bridging cultures and providing a unique grassroots perspective from under-reported regions around the world".

Philosophy

Al Jazeera English has stated objectives of emphasizing news from the developing world, of "reversing the North to South flow of information" and of "setting the news agenda" (also the channel's slogan). Some observers, including media scholar Adel Iskandar, have commented that this focus can be seen, in the eyes of Western viewers, as casting Al Jazeera English as a global "alternative" news network, though the entire Al Jazeera brand has been heavily mainstreamed in many parts of the world. Other Al Jazeera English slogans and catchphrases include: "All the News | All the Time", "Fearless Journalism" and "If it's newsworthy, it gets on air, whether it's Bush or Bin Laden." Al Jazeera's Code of Ethics mirrors some of these statements. The English brand identity and its "EVERY ANGLE | EVERY SIDE" promotional positioning was led by Director of Creative, Morgan Almeida, "to preserve the amazing Arabic heritage and extend this in a language familiar to diverse global audiences".

Launch and reach

The channel was launched on 15 November 2006. It had aimed to commence global broadcasting in June 2006 but had to postpone its launch because its HDTV technology was not ready. Al Jazeera International targets June launch

The Challenges of Working at Al-Jazeera, National Public Radio, Talk of the Nation, 26 June 2006

Al Jazeera sets English launch date The channel was due to be called Al Jazeera International, but the name was changed nine months prior to launch when it was absorbed into the Network administration.

The channel had expected to reach around 40 million households, but it far exceeded that launch target, reaching 80 million homes. As of 2009, Al Jazeera's English-language service can be viewed in every major European market, and is available to 130 million homes in over 100 countries via cable and satellite, according to Molly Conroy, a spokeswoman for the network in Washington.

However the channel is noted for its poor penetration in the North American market, where it is not carried by virtually any cable networks except local networks in Toledo, Ohiomarker, and Burlington, Vermontmarker. On November 26, 2009, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission approved "a request to add Al Jazeera English (AJE) to the lists of eligible satellite services for distribution on a digital basis and amends the lists of eligible satellite services accordingly." Al Jazeera English has begun a campaign to enter the North American market, including a dedicated website IwantAJE.com.

In 2008 Al Jazeera's English language channel won the Golden Nymph award in the category of Best 24 Hour News Program at the Monte Carlo Television Festival. The jurors especially singled out Nour Odeh, Al Jazeera's Gaza correspondent, for her bravery in reporting from the Gaza Strip. Al Jazeera English also received nominations in several other news categories, as for example for the Best News Documentary award for the report Inside Myanmar – The Crackdown.

Al Jazeera English and Press TV were the only international English-language television broadcasters with journalists reporting from both inside Gaza and Israel during the 2008–2009 Israel–Gaza conflict. Foreign press access to Gaza has been limited via either Egypt or Israel. However, Al Jazeera's reporters Ayman Mohyeldin and Sherine Tadros were already inside Gaza when the conflict began.

The channel is also currently available for viewing online. The channel recommends online viewing via Livestation, a free software (live, high quality), at its website (live, low quality), or at its YouTube channel.

Programmes

Regular/recurrent programmes on the channel are:
  • 101 East - weekly show hosted by Teymoor Nabili; Asian politics, business and current affairs
  • 48 - "In one city with only 48 hours, Amanda Palmer shows you the highs and lows of city living."
  • Everywoman - hosted by Shiulie Ghosh; "Everywoman is the first show of its kind from the Middle East to put women’s issues at its core. Its strong stories with universal appeal ensure that this will be compelling viewing for men and women alike."
  • The Fabulous Picture Show (FPS) - Motion picture/entertainment show hosted by Amanda Palmer
  • Frost Over The World - hosted by Sir David Frost; "Frost Over the World brings together a diverse range of guests to discuss the week’s current affairs."
  • Fault Lines - presented by Avi Lewis and Josh Rushing "Looking deeper into the US and its place in the world."
  • Inside Iraq - hosted by Jasim Al-Azzawi, "Inside Iraq is a weekly debate programme offering opinions from a diverse range of guests on Iraq."
  • Inside Story - "analysis, background, and context on the day's top story"
  • Listening Post - hosted by Richard Gizbert; Al Jazeera English revisits and reviews how other news organizations covered the news that week and presents viewer-submitted news
  • News:
    • World news live from Al Jazeera's Kuala Lumpur broadcast centre
    • World news live from Al Jazeera's Doha broadcast centre
    • World news live from Al Jazeera's London broadcast centre
    • World news live from Al Jazeera's Washington DC broadcast centre
    • Newshour - an hour of world news hosted from three of Al Jazeera's four broadcast centres, linked together live: 09:00GMT edition from Doha/Kuala Lumpur; 15:00GMT edition from Doha/London; 18:00GMT edition from Doha/London/Washington DC
    • News headlines are broadcast generally every half hour
  • News Review - Al Jazeera English reviews/recaps the news of the day
  • People & Power - biweekly programme hosted by Dr Shereen El Feki, Juliana Ruhfus and Sapna Bhatia; In April 2007, Samah El-Shahat replaced Shereen El Feki as the main host of the program. "People & Power is about power in the 21st century - who has it, who wants it and how it is being used - and abused."
  • Riz Khan - daily (Mon-Thu) viewer participation show hosted by Riz Khan
  • Riz Khan's One on One - Riz Khan sits down with a single guest for an extended interview
  • Sportsworld - a daily sports programme hosted, on rotation, by members of Al Jazeera's Doha sports team
  • Witness - hosted by Rageh Omaar; a daily presentation of short documentaries


In addition to the above, Al Jazeera English runs various programmes that are either entirely non-recurrent or consist of just a limited number of parts (miniseries format).

Also cf. the channel's Programmes and Programme Schedule pages.

International bureau

In addition to its four broadcast centres, Al Jazeera English has 21 supporting bureaux which gather and produce news. It also shares resources with the Arabic language channel's 42 bureaux and is planning to add further bureaux, to be announced as they open.Also Al Jazeera presenters can alternate between broadcast centres.

Middle East

Broadcast Centre: Doha ( map)

Anchors: Jane Dutton, David Foster, Imran Garda, Shiulie Ghosh, Darren Jordon, Maryam Nemazee, Sohail Rahman, Kamahl Santamaria, Lauren Taylor and Sami Zeidan

Correspondents: Hoda Abdel-Hamid, Hashem Ahelbarra, James Bays, John Cookson, Clayton Swisher, Sherine Tadros, Nadim Baba, Imran Kahn, and Mike Hanna, former CNN Jerusalem bureau chief.

Bureaux & Correspondents

Beirutmarker: Rula Amin, Zeina Khodr

Jerusalemmarker: Jacky Rowland

Gazamarker: Ayman Mohyeldin and Sherine Tadros

Ramallahmarker: Nour Odeh

Tehranmarker: Alireza Ronaghi

Africa

Bureaux: Cairomarker, Abidjanmarker, Nairobimarker, Johannesburgmarker, and Hararemarker.

Correspondents: Amr El Kahky, Haru Mutasa, Mohammed Adow, Mohamad Vall, Yvonne Ndege

Europe

Broadcast Centre: London ( map)

Anchors: Hamish Macdonald, Felicity Barr, Stephen Cole, and Barbara Serra

Correspondents: Alan Fisher, Richard Bestic, Tim Friend, Nazanine Moshiri

Bureaux & Correspondents:

Athensmarker: Barnaby Phillips

Moscowmarker. Neave Barker

The Americas

Broadcast Centre: Washington DC ( map)

Anchors: Ghida Fakhry, Anand Naidoo, Shihab Rattansi and Kimberly Halkett

Correspondents: Rosiland Jordan, Nick Spicer, Kimberly Halkett and Rob Reynolds

Bureaux & Correspondents:

Bogotamarker: Monica Villamizar

Buenos Airesmarker: Lucia Newman, Teresa Bo

Caracasmarker: Mariana Sanchez and Lucrecia Franco

New Yorkmarker: Kristen Saloomey, John Terret

Mexico Citymarker: Franc Contreras

Sao Paulomarker: Gabriel Elizondo

Asia and Australasia

Broadcast Centre: Kuala Lumpurmarker ( map)

Anchors: Teymoor Nabili, Divya Gopalan, Laura Kyle, and Veronica Pedrosa

Correspondents: Tony Birtley, Casey Kauffman, and Selina Downes

Bureaux & Correspondents

Beijing: Tony Cheng and Melissa Chan

Islamabadmarker: Kamal Hyder

Jakartamarker: Step Vaessen

Delhimarker: Matt Mcclure

Manilamarker: Marga Ortigas

Controversies

In February 2006, former ABC News journalist Dave Marash joined Al Jazeera English on a two-year contract to become its Washington-based anchor. The Washington Post quoted Marash saying, "The goal here is to be able to give the best-reported, most transparent report of all the English-language news channels." In March 2008, Marash left the channel. He cited a decreasing trend in editorial input from Washington, and that the Qatar-based management were exerting control on the channel's overseas bureaus. "To put it bluntly, the channel that's on now - while excellent, and I plan to be a lifetime viewer - is not the channel that I signed up to do," he said.

Personalities and staff

Personalities who have joined the channel include News anchors: Doha, Kuala Lumpur, London, Washington

News presenters - Doha

Doha-based news presenters; press release with additional information

News presenters - Kuala Lumpur

News presenters - London

News presenters - Washington

Programme presenters

Other news and programme presenters (previous employers in brackets):
Initial name and logo for the English-language channel


Recruitment

Veteran Britishmarker broadcaster Sir David Frost joined Al Jazeera English to host his show Frost Over the World.

Former BBC and CNN anchor Riz Khan, who previously had been the host of the CNN talk show Q&A, also joined. He hosts his shows Riz Khan and Riz Khan's One on One.

Former U.S. Marine Josh Rushing joined Al Jazeera in September 2005. He had been the press officer for the United States Central Command during the 2003 Invasion of Iraq, and in that role had been featured in the documentary Control Room. When subsequently joining Al Jazeera, Rushing commented that "In a time when American media has become so nationalized, I'm excited about joining an organization that truly wants to be a source of global information..." Rushing works from the Washington, DC broadcasting centre.

Former CNN and BBC news anchorwoman and award winning journalist Veronica Pedrosa also joined the team, along with CNN producer James Wright, and Kieran Baker, a former editor and producer for CNN, who most recently was Acting General Manager, Communications and Public Participation for ICANN. On 2 December 2005, Stephen Cole, a senior anchor on BBC World and Click Online presenter, announced he was joining Al Jazeera International.

The network announced on 12 January 2006 that former Nightline correspondent Dave Marash would be the co-anchor from their Washington studio. Marash described his new position as "the most interesting job on Earth."On 6 February 2006, it was announced that the former BBC reporter Rageh Omaar would host the daily weeknights documentary series, Witness.

The managing director for Al Jazeera English is Tony Burman, who replaced Nigel Parsons in May 2008.

Availability

The channel is available in many countries, mostly via satellite, sometimes via cable. The channel is also available online. It can be streamed live worldwide for free through Livestation. A low quality RealVideo stream allows viewing. Al Jazeera news segments are frequently included on the American public television program Worldfocus.

Online subscriptions allowing unlimited viewing may be purchased from Al Jazeera on Jump TV, Real, VDC. Headlines from Al-Jazeera English are available on twitter. According to the Al Jazeera English Watch Now webpage, not all services are available everywhere due to licensing/distribution restrictions.

The New York Times on 16 April 2007 reported that Al Jazeera English would begin running segments from its shows on the Internet video-sharing site YouTube. Al Jazeera YouTube site.

Al Jazeera English is available in the UK and Ireland on Sky's digital satellite platform on channel 514, and on Freesat, channel 203.

In the United States, Al Jazeera is available on Buckeye Cable (Channel 220) in Toledo, Ohio. It is also available in Burlington, Vermont, Houston, Texasmarker, and Washington, DC. The channel is not widely available on cable and was dropped by Comcast, a cable company with a subscriber base of over 12 million people, a month prior to the channel's launch due to "the already-saturated television market there" and a perception in some circles that the channel gives airtime to terrorists. However, Al Jazeera English is available via satellite across all of North America free to air on Galaxy 19 on the Ku band in DVB format.

On November 26, 2009, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission approved "a request to add Al Jazeera English (AJE) to the lists of eligible satellite services for distribution on a digital basis and amends the lists of eligible satellite services accordingly."

In New Zealand, Triangle TV re-broadcasts various Al Jazeera programmes in Auckland and Wellington on free-to-air UHF channels. As does Stratos (free-to-air over Freeview satellite and terrestrial).

The channel initially began test streaming Al Jazeera English (then called "Al Jazeera International") in March 2006 on Hot Bird, Astramarker 1E, Hispasat, AsiaSat3S, Eurobird 1 and Panamsat PAS 10. Telenorsmarker Thor, Türksat and Eurobird 2 were added to the satellites carrying it. Eurobird 1 carried the test stream on frequency 11.681 under the name "AJI".

Quotations

These are some quotes from Al Jazeera staff that were broadcast on Al Jazeera English:

Josh Rushing: "Do the right thing, for the right reason. And that's what I see Al Jazeera doing."

Josh Rushing: "I care more about the truth, and getting the truth in my story, than I do about controlling the message, like I did before when I was a spokesperson."

Dave Marash: "We're gonna seek out the areas neglected by the Western-oriented media."

Rageh Omaar: "I think one thing you can definitely say about Al Jazeera is that it will and does evoke a reaction."

Riz Khan: "In my lifetime as a journalist, there will not be another channel launched on this scale."

Barbara Serra: "If it's newsworthy, it gets on air, whether it's Bush or Bin Laden."

Bob Geldof: "I say what I like, I'm not beholden to anyone, if you don't like it, f— [inaudible] off."

Tony Burman: "Gaza will probably be for Al Jazeera what the Gulf War was for CNN. People forget, CNN was created in 1980. What did they call it, the Chicken Noodle Network? It was ridiculed really until 1991 when the Gulf War happened. It all of a sudden became an important part of American media culture. Our coverage of Gaza [which was released for rebroadcast by other networks for free] is a reminder to a lot of people that there are a lot of important aspects to a lot of stories, not just the Middle East, that are being denied them."

Trivia

  • Although Al Jazeera English is produced in High Definition (HD), the output is converted to 14:9 SD similar to BBC World. However the programs that are shown on the Al Jazeera English YouTube channel are shown in their original 16:9 format.


  • When Al Jazeera English was launched on November 15, 2006, its broadcast was also simulcasted on Al Jazeera Arabic. Strangely, Al Jazeera Arabic had shown the 16:9 original feed of the channel and not the usual 14:9 broadcast feed.


  • On 13 December 2006, Comedy Central's Daily Show ran a piece of comic-correspondent Samantha Bee visiting Al Jazeera English's Washington office and "rebuilding this network from the ground up." A few hours after the segment aired, complete transcripts appeared on the blogosphere, and subsequent Google searches of "Al Jazeera" "Daily Show" produced over 200,000 hits.


  • In mid-December 2006, Al Jazeera English started running an advertisement announcing the then forthcoming Al Jazeera Documentary Channel, which was launched at midday on 1 January 2007.


  • Al Jazeera English is one of the four networks that made an appeal for the release of the BBC Gaza Correspondent Alan Johnston. The others are BBC News, CNN and Sky News.


Gallery

Image:Al Jazeera English Doha Newsroom 2.jpg|Al Jazeera English newsroom in Doha.Image:Aljazeera London 01.jpg|Al Jazeera English studio control room in London.Image:Aljazeera London 02.jpg|A Vinten remote camera control unit station at the Al Jazeera studio control room in London.

Further reading

  • Abdul-Mageed, M. M. (2008). Online News Sites and Journalism 2.0: Reader Comments on Al Jazeera Arabic. TripleC: Cognition, Communication, Co-operation, 6(2), 59-76. Abstract and full article: http://mumageed.blogspot.com/2009/04/online-news-sites-and-journalism-20.html
  • Abdul-Mageed, M. M., and Herring, S. C. (2008). Arabic and English news coverage on aljazeera.net. In: F. Sudweeks, H. Hrachovec, and C. Ess (Eds.), Proceedings of Cultural Attitudes Towards Technology and Communication 2008 (CATaC'08), Nimes, France, 24 June-27. Abstract and full article: http://mumageed.blogspot.com/2008/03/arabic-and-english-news-coverage-on.html.


See also

References

  1. Fact and Figures, iwantaje.com
  2. Al-Jazeera says its English-language news channel will launch November 15, The Post-Star published 1 November 2006
  3. Al Jazeera's (Global) Mission, Fast Company, by Linda Tischler, published April 2006
  4. Owned by Qatari Government
  5. Al Jazeera English - Corporate Profile
  6. Is Al Jazeera Alternative? Mainstreaming Alterity and Assimilating Discourses of Dissent, by Adel Iskandar, Transnational Broadcasting Studies Journal, published 2005
  7. Al-Jazeera renames English-language channel (registration required)
  8. Al-Jazeera English hits airwaves, BBC News, published 15 November 2006
  9. Al Jazeera provides an inside look at Gaza conflict
  10. Al-Jazeera English Struggles For U.S. Audience, National Public Radio, February 24, 2009
  11. Al Jazeera English wins gong at TV festival, published 13. June 2008
  12. Al-Jazeera becomes the face of the frontline
  13. Israel pushes further into Gaza
  14. Al Jazeera English Beats Israel's Ban on Reporters in Gaza with Exclusive Coverage
  15. Watch Al Jazeera English Live, iwantaje.com
  16. Al Jazeera International reveals global line-up of bureaux, published 10 October 2006
  17. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/11/14/AR2006111401363.html Al Jazeera's U.S. Face
  18. Al-Jazeera now biased, says leaving reporter
  19. David Frost joins al-Jazeera TV, BBC News, published 7 October 2005
  20. Mission of Former Marine: Arab TV, by Nick Madigan and Annie Linskey, MediaChannel.org, via Wayback Machine
  21. Josh Rushing, former U.S. marine, joins Al Jazeera International, AMEInfo, published 22 September 2005
  22. BBC's 'Peter Pan' joins al-Jazeera, Guardian Unlimited, by Chris Tryhorn, published 2 December 2005
  23. Los Angeles Times
  24. Farewell to the front line (for now), The Times, by Damian Whitworth, published 7 February 2006
  25. Burman named al-Jazeera English MD, Guardian Unlimited, by Chris Tryhorn, published 14 May 2008
  26. Now on YouTube: The Latest News From Al Jazeera, in English
  27. Burlington one of few places to air Al Jazeera, Associated Press, April 22, 2007
  28. Geldof is not an Al Jazeera employee, but a clip of him saying the above —during an interview for Riz Khan's One on One— is featured in Al Jazeera English's promos.
  29. http://cc.aljazeera.net/
  30. http://thetyee.ca/Mediacheck/2009/02/16/AlJazeera/
  31. Al Jazeera English launch, simulcast on Al Jazeera Arabic
  32. Samantha Bee's report on Al Jazeera English
  33. Blog post including a transcript of the Daily Show's Al Jazeera English piece
  34. Google search for "Al Jazeera" "Daily Show" - retrieved 17 December 2006; the number of returned results has since decreased


External links




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