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Alan Tindal Lennox-Boyd, 1st Viscount Boyd of Merton (18 November 1904 – 8 March 1983) was a Britishmarker Conservative politician.

Background, education and military service

Lennox-Boyd was the son of Alan Lennox-Boyd by his second wife Florence, daughter of James Warburton Begbie. He had en elder half-sister and three full brothers, two of whom were killed in the Second World War and one who died in Germany in April 1939. He was educated at Sherborne Schoolmarker, Dorsetmarker and graduated from Christ Church, Oxfordmarker, with a Master of Arts. At Oxford Lennox-Boyd was a lover of James Lees-Milne. He served in the Second World War as a Lieutenant in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve.

Political career

Lennox-Boyd was elected as Member of Parliament for Mid Bedfordshiremarker in 1931 (at the age of 26), and was admitted to Inner Templemarker, as a barrister in 1941. He was a member of Winston Churchill's peacetime government as Minister for Transport and Civil Aviation from 1952 to 1954. In this post he once memorably opined that road accidents were the result not of the taking of large risks, but of the taking of small risks very large numbers of times.

In 1954 he became Secretary of State for the Colonies, where he oversaw early stages of decolonisation, with the granting of independence to Cyprusmarker, Ghanamarker, Iraqmarker, Malayamarker and Sudanmarker. He was in office during the Mau Mau Rebellion in Kenyamarker, and was persuaded to stay in office by Harold Macmillan after being censured for the Hola massacre. He talked openly towards independence for the Federation of Malaya, and invited the then Chief Minister of Malaya, Tunku Sir Abdul Rahman Al-Haj and his fellows to Lancester House to make up the possibility for Malaya to achieve as a sovereign nation. However, after the 1959 general election he was replaced as Colonial Secretary with Iain Macleod.

In September 1960 he was raised to the peerage as Viscount Boyd of Merton of Merton-in-Penninghame in the County of Wigtown. This caused a by-election for his Mid Bedfordshire constituency which was won by Stephen Hastings. He was further honoured the same year when he was appointed a Companion of Honour. Being opposed to the line taken in Harold Macmillan's Wind of Change speech, he subsequently became an early Patron of the Conservative Monday Club.

Other public positions and business career

Lord Boyd of Merton held the office of Deputy Lieutenant of Bedfordshire between 1954 and 1960 and Deputy Lieutenant of Cornwallmarker in 1965. He was managing director of Arthur Guinness & Sons between 1959 and 1967, and was a Companion of Honour and Privy Councillor.

Family

Lord Boyd of Merton married Lady Patricia, daughter of Rupert Guinness, 2nd Earl of Iveagh, on 29 December 1938. They had three children:



Lord Boyd of merton died in March 1983, aged 78, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Simon. Lady Boyd of Merton died in May 2001, aged 83.

References






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