Alaska Natives are the
indigenous peoples of Alaska.
, and a number
of Northern Athabaskan
In 1912 the Alaska Native
was founded. In 1971 Congress
passed the Alaska Native Claims
, which settled land
and financial claims, and
provided for the establishment of 13 Alaska Native Regional
to administer those claims. Similar to the status
of the Canadian Inuit and First Nations,
which are recognized as distinct peoples, Alaska Natives are in
some respects treated separately from Native Americans in the
An example of this separate treatment is
that Alaska Natives are allowed the harvesting of whales
and other marine
under the Marine Mammal Protection Act
1972. In addition, Alaska Natives were not given title to land
under the Dawes Act
but were instead
treated under the Alaska
Native Allotment Act
until it was repealed in 1971.
characteristic difference is that Alaska Native tribal governments
do not have the power to collect taxes for business transacted on
tribal land, per the United States Supreme Court decision in Alaska
Village of Venetie Tribal Government
Natives (except for Tsimshians
) do not
Alaska Native Languages
American Indians and Alaska Natives in Alaska.
Below is a full list of the different Alaska Native cultures.
Within each culture are many different tribes.