Alba ( ; ) is a county
(judeţ) of Romania, in Transylvania, with the capital city at Alba Iulia (population: 66,406).
In 2002, it had a population of 382,747 and the population density
This county has a total area of 6,242 km², with mountains
occupying about 59% of its surface.
northwestern part there are the Apuseni Mountains, in the southern part there is the northeastern
side of the Parâng Mountains
group - Şureanu Mountains and
east there is the Transylvanian Plateau with deep but wide valleys.
The three main
elements are separated by the Mureş
The main rivers are the Mureş River
and its tributaries, the Târnava
and the Arieş
The predominant industries in the county are:
- Food industry.
- Textile industry.
- Wood industry.
- Mechanical components.
- Paper and packaging materials industry.
- Chemical industry.
The mineral resources exploited in Alba county are metals (gold,
silver, copper), salt and construction materials: marble, granite,
The main tourist attractions in the county are:
Alba County has 4 municipalities, 7 towns and 68 communes
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie"
- National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966,
1977, 1992 şi 2002"