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Albay " style="position:relative;top:-0.3em;font-size:0.75em;color:#666;"> is a province of the Philippinesmarker located in the Bicol Regionmarker in Luzonmarker. Its capital is Legazpi Citymarker and the province borders Camarines Surmarker to the north and Sorsogonmarker to the south. Also to the northeast is Lagonoy GulfBreakingmarker news: Typhoon Ketsana has caused typhoon signal number 1 on Albay, designated by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA). See Typhoon Ketsana . Lahar warning was issued by PHILVOCS for possible erruption of Mayon leading to the Philippine Seamarker, and to the southwest is Burias Pass.

Mayon Volcanomarker is the symbol most associated with the province. This nearly perfectly-shaped active volcano forms a scenic backdrop to the capital city of Legazpi 15 kilometers to the south.

People and culture

Population Based on the August 2007 census, Albay has a total population of 1,190,823, which makes it the 20th most populous province in the country. There are 208,640 households in the province with an average size of 5.22 persons, significantly higher than the national average of 4.99.

Languages Bikol is the primary language spoken in Albay, being a part of the Bicol Region. There are other dialects spoken in the province, however, such as Bicolano Viejo, Daragueño, Legazpeño or Albayanon, Oasnon and others. The dialects spoken in the coastal areas of the province are similar to that spoken in Camarines Sur while those further inland are similar to each other but differs significantly from the coastal dialect. Majority of the inhabitants also understand Tagalog and English.

Economy

Traditional industries.Agriculture is the main industry in Albay, which produces such crops as coconut,rice,sugar,and abacá.Handicrafts is the major source of rural income. It continuous to provide fairly large share in the small-scale industries of the province.Forestry and papermaking are another source of livelihood. The manufacture of abacá products such as Manila hemp,hats,bags,mats,and slippers is one of the main sources of income in the rural areas.Fishing is also done along both shores of the province.Tourism,primarily because of Mayon Volcano,also draws income for Albay.

Transportation.Albay is also the region's principal trans-shipment point with its ports: Tabaco International, Legazpi National, Pio Duran Provincial, and the Pantao Regional Port.Legazpi City also has its own domestic airport which hopes to serve international flights in the near future.Legazpi Airport serves as Bicol's gateway to Manila and the Visayas.

Geography

Albay has a total land area of 2,552.6 square kilometers, which makes it the 26th smallest province. Most of Albay is located on mainland Bicol Peninsula and it has four major islands to the east: Rapu-Rapumarker, Batanmarker (part of Rapu-Rapu), Cagraraymarker (part of Bacacay), and San Miguelmarker (part of Tabaco Citymarker).

Lagonoy Gulfmarker borders the province to the northeast, separating it from the province of Catanduanesmarker. Burias Islandmarker in the province Masbate can be found to the southwest across Burias Pass.

The province is generally mountainous with scattered fertile plains and valleys. Mayon Volcanomarker, standing at around 2460 meters, is the most famous landform in Albay, and in the whole of Bicolmarker, in fact. This active volcano is nearly perfectly-shaped and is considered by many to be more beautiful than Mt.marker Fujimarker in Japanmarker. Other mountains and volcanoes in the province are Catburawan, Masaraga, Malinao, and Pantao.

On January 18, 2008, Albay Governor Joey Salceda and the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) Estrella Alabastro relaunched one of the country's 4th upper-air receiving equipment in Albay worth P 18-million. The other upper-air receiving stations are in Laoagmarker, Cebumarker, and Tanay, Rizalmarker.

Political

Albay is subdivided into 15 municipalities and 3 cities. Three of them, Polanguimarker, Daragamarker, and Guinobatanmarker are classified as 1st class municipalities.

City/Municipality No. of
Barangays
Area
(km²)
Population
(2007)
Rank

Mayor
(2007-2010)
Bacacaymarker
56
61,574
9
Gloria B.
Berrango
Camaligmarker
50
60,139
10
Carlos Irwin G.
Baldo
Daragamarker
54
118.6
110,625
3
Cicero C.
Triunfante
Guinobatanmarker
44
74,386
6
Juan M.
Garcia II
Jovellarmarker
23
17,815
18
Jose Archangel
Legazpi Citymarker
70
204.20
179,481
1
Noel E.
Rosal
Libonmarker
48
68,846
7
Agnes P.
Dycoco
Ligao Citymarker
55
246.40
101,179
4
Linda P.
Gonzales
Malilipotmarker
18
33,593
14
Herminio B.
Vitara
Malinao
29
39,516
13
Avelino C.
Ceriola
Manitomarker
15
21,625
17
Cesar S.
Daep
Oas
53
291.73
63,888
8
Gregorio H.
Ricarte
Pio Duranmarker
33
44,972
12
Dante R.
Arandia
Polanguimarker
44
77,122
5
Jesus S.
Salceda Sr.
Rapu-Rapumarker
34
32,646
15
Dick A.
Galicia
Santo Domingomarker
23
30,711
16
Edna B.
Banda
Tabaco Citymarker
47
117.14
123,513
2
Cielo Krisel Lagman-Luistro
Tiwimarker
25
49,185
11
Jaime C.
Villanueva


External links



References

  1. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/breakingnews/regions/view/20091001-227782/Storm-Signal-No-1-raised-over-Camarines-provinces-Catanduanes
  2. Inquirer.net, DOST installs P18-M weather gadget in Albay



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