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Albemarle County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginiamarker. Figures from the U.S. Census Bureau give an estimated 2008 population of 94,075. Its county seat is Charlottesvillemarker.

Albemarle County is part of the Charlottesvillemarker Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

In 1744, the Virginia General Assemblymarker created Albemarle County by taking the northern portion of Goochland Countymarker. The county was named in honor of Willem Anne van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle and titular Governor of Virginia at the time. The large county was divided in 1761, forming Buckinghammarker and Amherstmarker counties, at which time the county seat was moved from the formerly-central Scottsvillemarker to a piece of newly-central land, christened Charlottesvillemarker.

President Thomas Jefferson was born in the county at Shadwell, though it was then part of Goochland Countymarker. His home of Monticellomarker is located in the county, however.

Government

Albemarle is governed by a six-member Board of Supervisors. The body's key political issue is growth; its composition recently shifted, with the 2007 election of Ann Mallek, from a 3-3 split on issue to a 4-2 majority for growth opponents.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 726 square miles (1,881 km²), of which, 723 square miles (1,872 km²) of it is land and 4 square miles (9 km²) of it (0.49%) is water.

Adjacent counties



In addition, the city of Charlottesvillemarker is enclaved within Albemarle County. Under Virginia law in effect since 1871, all municipalities in the state incorporated as cities are legally and politically independent of any county.


See also:List of counties in Virginia

National protected area



Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 79,236 people, 31,876 households, and 21,070 families residing in the county. The population density was 110 people per square mile (42/km²). There were 33,720 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.16% White, 9.65% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 2.86% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.86% from other races, and 1.29% from two or more races. 2.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 31,876 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.20% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.90% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 30.90% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $50,749, and the median income for a family was $63,407. Males had a median income of $39,622 versus $30,645 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,852. About 4.20% of families and 6.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.50% of those under age 18 and 4.70% of those age 65 or over.

Towns

The only incorporated town in Albemarle County is Scottsvillemarker, the original county seat. Unincorporated communities include Barboursvillemarker, Crozetmarker, Earlysvillemarker, Free Unionmarker, Ivymarker, Keenemarker and Keswickmarker, among with many smaller hamlets. Some parts of Albemarle County are considered unincorporated Charlottesville.

Emergency Services

Albemarle County has 2 branches of law enforcement, the Albemarle County Police Department, which handles criminal matters and is directed by the appointed police chief, John Miller. The second branch is the Albemarle County Sheriffs Office, which handles civil service in the county and they are directed by the elected Sheriff Chip Harding.

EMS services are provided by 3 volunteer rescue squads, the Charlottesville-Albemarle Rescue Squad, located in the City of Charlottesville, the Western Albemarle Rescue Squad, located in Crozet, and the Scottsville Volunteer Rescue Squad, located in the Town of Scottsville. The county government also provides EMS services managed by Albemarle County Fire Rescue, and they operate 2 Advance Life Support ambulances, one out the Monticello Fire/Rescue Station, and another out of the Hollymead Fire/Rescue Station.

Fire suppression services are provided by 7 volunteer fire companies, 2 county career stations, and an automatic mutual aid contract with the Charlottesville Fire Department. The Charlottesville-Albemarle Regional Airport also maintains an Airport Crash/Rescue department which is staffed by airport personnel and is assisted by county stations in the event of an aircraft emergency. 4 of the 7 volunteer county stations, East Rivanna Vol. Fire Dept, Earlysville Vol. Fire Company, Stony Point Vol. Fire Company, and Seminole Trail Vol. Fire Dept, are supplemented by county career firefighters during the daytime (6:00am – 6:00pm) to assist the volunteers. The county also operates 2 fire stations managed by Albemarle County Fire Rescue office, they are Monticello Fire/Rescue and Hollymead Fire/Rescue. These 2 stations are staffed 24/7 with county career firefighters and have supplemental volunteer staffing. The City of Charlottesville fire department maintains a contract with the county with automatic mutual aid for areas that border the city boundaries. Albemarle County Fire Rescue also plans to build 2 more county career stations, one in the eastern portion of the county near Pantops Mountain, and another near the Ivy area in the western part of the county, however with economic downturn and the desire to study the needs for the 2 stations, construction and planning for these 2 stations have been halted indefinitely.

Fire Stations by Number

  • Station 1 - Charlottesville Fire Department 250 Bypass
  • Station 2 - East Rivanna Vol. Fire Department
  • Station 3 - North Garden Vol. Fire Company
  • Station 4 - Earlysville Vol. Fire Company
  • Station 5 - Crozet Vol. Fire Department
  • Station 6 - Stony Point Vol. Fire Company
  • Station 7 - Scottsville Vol. Fire Department
  • Station 8 - Seminole Trail Volunteer Fire Department
  • Station 9 - Charlottesville-Albemarle Regional Airport Crash/Rescue
  • Station 10 - Charlottesville Fire Department Ivy Rd
  • Station 11 - Monticello Fire/Rescue
  • Station 12 - Hollymead Fire/Rescue


Education

The Albemarle County Public School System operates public education in the county, including the Murray High School, a charter school.

Many private schools in Albemarle serve the county and students from surrounding areas. These include:



County children also attend several private schools in the city of Charlottesville.

Notable residents



See also



External links



References

  1. Henry Stephens Randall, The Life of Thomas Jefferson



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