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Albert Collins (October 1, 1932 — November 24, 1993) was an electric blues guitarist and singer (and occasional harmonica player) whose recording career began in the 1960s in Houston and whose fame eventually took him to stages across the U.S.A., Europe, Japan and Australia. He had many nicknames, such as "The Ice Man", "The Master of the Telecaster" and "The Razor Blade".

Career

Born in Leonamarker, Texasmarker, Collins was a distant relative of Lightnin' Hopkins and grew up learning about music and playing guitar. His family moved to Houston, Texasmarker when he was seven. Throughout the 1940s and 1950s, he absorbed the blues sounds and styles from Texas, Mississippimarker and Chicagomarker. His style would soon envelop these sounds. He regularly named John Lee Hooker and organist Jimmy McGriff, along with Hopkins, Guitar Slim and Clarence “Gatemouth” Brown as major influences on his playing.

He formed his first band in 1952 and two years later was the headliner at several blues clubs in Houston. By the late 1950s Collins began using Fender Telecasters. He later chose a "maple-cap" 1966 Custom Fender Telecaster with a Gibson PAF humbucker in the neck position and a 100 watt RMS silverfaced 1970s Fender Quad Reverb combo as his main equipment, and developed a unique sound featuring minor tunings, sustained notes and an "attack" fingerstyle. He also frequently used a capo on his guitar, particularly on the 5th, 7th, and 9th frets. He primarily favored an "open F-minor" tuning (low to high: F-C-F-Ab-C-F). In the booklet from the CD Ice Pickin, it was stated that Albert tuned to a "D minor D-A-D-F-A-D" Tuning. He played without picks using his thumb and first finger. Collins credited his unusual tuning to his cousin, Willow Young, who taught it to him.

Collins began recording in 1960 and released singles, including many instrumentals such as the million selling "Frosty". on Texas-based labels like Kangaroo and Hall-Way. A number of these singles were collected on the album The Cool Sounds Of Albert Collins on the TCF Hall label (later reissued on the Blue Thumb label as Truckin’ With Albert Collins. In the spring of 1965 he moved to Kansas Citymarker, Missourimarker and made a name for himself there. This was also where he met his future wife, Gwendolyn.

Many of Kansas City's recording studios had closed by the mid 1960s. Unable to record, Collins moved to Californiamarker in 1967. He lived in Palo Altomarker, CAmarker for a short time before moving to Los Angelesmarker, CAmarker and played many of the West Coast venues popular with the counter-culture. In early 1969 after playing a concert with Canned Heat, members of this band introduced him to Liberty Records. In appreciation, Collins’ first album title, Love Can Be Found Anywhere, was taken from the lyrics of "Refried Hockey Boogie". Collins signed and released his first album on Imperial Records, a sister label, in 1968.

Collins remained in California for another five years, and was popular on double-billed shows at The Fillmoremarker and the Winterland. He was signed to Alligator Records in 1978 and recorded and released Ice Pickin'. He would record seven more albums with the label, before being signed to Point Blank Records in 1990.

Throughout the 1980s and early 1990s, Collins toured the United Statesmarker, Canadamarker, Europe and Japanmarker. He was becoming a popular blues musician and was an influence for Coco Montoya, Robert Cray, Gary Moore, Debbie Davies, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Jonny Lang, Susan Tedeschi, Kenny Wayne Shepherd, John Mayer and Frank Zappa.

In 1983, when he won the W. C. Handy Award for his album Don't Lose Your Cool, which won the award for Best Blues Album of the Year. In 1987, he shared a Grammy for the album Showdown! (released in 1986) which he recorded with Robert Cray and Johnny Copeland. The following year his solo release Cold Snap was also nominated for a Grammy. In 1987, John Zorn enlisted him to play lead guitar in a suite he had composed especially for him, entitled "Two-Lane Highway," on Zorn's album Spillane .

Alongside George Thorogood and the Destroyers and Bo Diddley, Collins performed at Live Aid in 1985, playing "The Sky Is Crying" and "Madison Blues", at the JFK Stadiummarker. He was the only black blues artist to appear.

Collins was invited to play at the 'Legends Of Guitar Festival' concerts in Sevillemarker, Spainmarker at the Expo in 1992, where amongst others, he played "Iceman", the title track from his final studio album.

He made his last visit to Londonmarker, Englandmarker in March 1993.

After falling ill at a show in Switzerlandmarker in late July 1993, he was diagnosed in mid August with lung cancer which had metastasized to his liver, with an expected survival time of four months. Parts of his last album, Live '92/'93, were recorded at shows that September; he died shortly afterwards, in November at the age of 61. He was survived by his wife, Gwendolyn. He is interred at the Davis Memorial Park, Las Vegasmarker, Nevadamarker.

Collins will be remembered not only for the quantity of quality blues music that he put out throughout his career that has inspired so many other blues musicians, but also for his live performances, where he would frequently come down from the stage, attached to his amplifier with a very long cord, and mingle with the audience whilst still playing. He was known to leave clubs while still playing, and continue to play outside on the sidewalk, even boarding a city bus in Chicago while playing, outside of a club called Biddy Mulligan’s (the bus driver stayed at the bus stop until Collins got off).

In Collins' cameo appearance in the film Adventures in Babysitting, he insisted to Elisabeth Shue that "nobody leaves this place without singin' the blues", forcing the children to improvise a song before escaping.

Collins has influenced many artists and did collaborations with Ronnie Wood, Jimmy Page, Robert Cray, Keith Richards, Jeff Beck, Stevie Ray Vaughan, B.B. King and Eric Clapton.

Another instance of Collins' humorous stage presence was recounted in the film documentary, Antones: Austin's Home of the Blues. Collins left the building, still plugged in and playing. Several minutes after Collins returned to the stage, a pizza delivery man came in and gave Collins the pizza he had just ordered when he left the building. Collins had gone to Milto's Pizza & Pasta through an adjoining alley and ordered while he was still playing.

Fender Albert Collins Signature Telecaster

The Fender Custom Shop created an accurate replica of the "Ice Man"'s namesake '66 Custom Telecaster in 1990. This guitar featured a double-bound swamp ash body, a custom-shaped maple neck sporting a separate laminated maple fingerboard with 21 vintage frets, a custom-wound Seymour Duncan '59 humbucker in the neck position and a Fender Texas Special Tele single-coil in the bridge.

Discography

Singles

  • "Freeze" / "Collins' Shuffle" (Kangaroo KA-103/104)
  • "Lonely Heart" / "True Love" (Great Scott 1008) (Note: this single may be unreleased)
  • "Soulroad" / "I Don't Know" (Tracie 2003)
  • "Defrost" / "Albert's Alley" (Great Scott 0007/Hall-Way 1795)
  • "Sippin' Soda" / "Homesick" (Hall-Way 1831)
  • "Frosty" / "Tremble" (Hall 1920)
  • "Thaw-out" / "Backstroke" (Hall 1925)
  • "Sno-Cone Part I" / "Sno-Cone Part II" (TCF Hall 104)
  • "Dyin' Flu" / "Hot 'n Cold" (TCF Hall 116)
  • "Don't Lose Your Cool" / "Frostbite" (TCF Hall 127)
  • "Cookin' Catfish" / "Taking my Time" (20th Century 45-6708)
  • "Ain't Got Time" / "Got a Good Thing Goin'" (Imperial 66351)
  • "Do the Sissy" / "Turnin' On" (Imperial 66391)
  • "Conversation with Collins" / "And Then it Started Raining" (Imperial 66412)
  • "Coon 'n Collards" / "Do What You Want to Do" (Liberty 56184)
  • "Get Your Business Straight" / "Frog Jumpin'" (Tumbleweed 1002) - 1972 - Black Singles #46
  • "Eight Days on the Road" / "Stickin'" (Tumbleweed 1007)
  • "Blues for Stevie" / "Guitars that Rule the World" (1994)


Albums

Official Albums

  • 2008 Albert Collins: Live At Montreux 1992 (Eagle Records)
  • 2005 The Iceman at Mount Fuji (Fuel 2000)
  • 1995 Live '92/'93 (Pointblank 40658) - Top Blues Albums #5
  • 1993 Collins Mix: His Best (Pointblank 39097) - not a compilation
  • 1991 Iceman (Pointblank VPBCD 3)
  • 1986 Cold Snap (Alligator 4752)
  • 1985 Showdown! (Alligator 4743) - with Robert Cray and Johnny Copeland - Billboard 200 #124
  • 1984 Live In Japan (Alligator 4733)
  • 1983 Jammin With Albert - with Rory Gallagher
  • 1983 Don't Lose Your Cool (Alligator 4730)
  • 1981 Frozen Alive (Alligator 4725)
  • 1980 Frostbite (Alligator 4719)
  • 1979 Albert Collins and Barrelhouse Live (Munich 225)
  • 1978 Ice Pickin' (Alligator 4713)
  • 1971 There's Gotta Be A Change (Tumbleweed 103) - Billboard 200 #196
  • 1970 The Compleat Albert Collins (Imperial LP-12449)
  • 1969 Trash Talkin' (Imperial LP-12438)
  • 1968 Love Can Be Found Anywhere (Even In A Guitar) (Imperial LP-12428)


Compilation Albums

  • 1997 Deluxe Edition (Alligator 5601) – collection of tracks from each of his Alligator albums.
  • 1969 Truckin' With Albert Collins (Blue Thumb BTS-8) - re-release of The Cool Sounds of Albert Collins
  • 1965 The Cool Sounds of Albert Collins (TCF Hall 8002)


Bootleg Albums

  • 1971 Alive & Cool (Red Lightnin' 004) - bootleg


Guest work



Videography

  • 2003 The Iceman at Mount Fuji (Varese 061299)
  • 2003 In Concert: One Filter (Music Video Distributors 6526)
  • 2005 Albert Collins: Warner Bros. Classics (Warner Brothers 9086390)
  • 2008 Albert Collins: Live At Montreux 1992 (Eagle Rock Entertainment B0012IWNYU)


Films



See also



References

  1. Allmusic biography
  2. Albert Collins, blues great, dies of cancer in Las Vegas - guitar player and vocalist - obituary - Brief Article, Jet, Dec 13, 1993
  3. Findagrave.com - accessed February 2008
  4. AMG discography


External links




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