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Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein) is a graduate school of Yeshiva Universitymarker. It is a not-for-profit, private, nonsectarian medical school located on the Jack and Pearl Resnick Campus in the Morris Parkmarker neighborhood of the borough of the Bronxmarker of New York Citymarker. In addition to medical degrees, Einstein offers graduate biomedical degrees through the Sue Golding Graduate Division. Allen M. Spiegel, M.D., has served as The Marilyn and Stanley M. Katz Dean since June 1, 2006[40427].

Einstein’s main focal areas are medical education, basic research and clinical investigation. It is home to 2,775 full-time faculty members, 625 M.D. students, 225 Ph.D. students attending the Sue Golding Graduate Division, 125 students in the combined M.D./Ph.D. program, and 30 M.S. students. In addition, there are 380 postdoctoral research fellows at the Belfer Institute for Advanced Biomedical Studies.[40428]

The medical school is known for its humanistic approach to its curriculum and training and for the diversity of its student body. The class of 2009 included 40 individuals from 19 countries and a group of 23 students who identify themselves as belonging to groups considered underrepresented in medicine. [40429]

Einstein is also a major biomedical and clinical research facility. Faculty members received more than $132 million in funding from the National Institutes of Healthmarker in 2008. In addition, the NIH funds major research centers at Einstein in diabetes, cancer, liver disease, and AIDS. [40430]

Mission

The mission of Albert Einstein College of Medicine is to prepare physicians and researchers to excel in the science and the art of medicine and basic, translational and clinical investigation. Its founding mandate is to combine the pursuit of scientific excellence with a social mission to improve human health through engagement in local, national and global communities[40431].

History

Yeshiva University President Dr. Samuel Belkin began planning for a new medical school as early as 1945. Six years later, Dr. Belkin and New York City Mayor Vincent Impellitteri entered into an agreement to begin construction. At the same time, world-renowned physicist and humanitarian Albert Einstein sent a letter to Dr. Belkin. He remarked that such an endeavor would be “unique” in that the school would “welcome students of all creeds and races.”[40432] Two years later, on his 74th birthday, March 14, 1953, Albert Einstein agreed to attach his name to the medical school.

The first classes began September 12, 1955 and had a total of 56 students. At the time, it was the first new medical school to be erected within New York Citymarker since 1897. The Sue Golding Graduate Division was established in 1957 to offer Ph.D.s in biomedical disciplines. [40433] The M.S.T.P. (Medical Sciences Training Program), a combined M.D./Ph.D. program, was first offered in 1964.[40434] The C.R.T.P. (Clinical Research Training Program), which confers M.S. degrees in clinical research methods, began classes in July 1998.[40435]

Notable Research and Achievements [40436]

The Michael F.
Price Center for Genetic and Translational Medicine and Harold and Muriel Block Research Pavilion, 2008


  • In 1964, Einstein was the first medical school in the United States to establish a Department of Genetics.
  • In 1974, Einstein's Liver Research Center – now the Marion Bessin Liver Research Center – was the first institute in the nation devoted to the study of liver disease and injury.
  • In 1976, researchers at Einstein identified the mechanism of action of Taxol, one of the most significant cancer-treatment drugs ever developed. (Susan B. Horwitz, Ph.D.)
  • In 1988, one of the first NIH-funded Centers for AIDS Research (CFARs) in the country was created at Einstein. Researchers at the center were the first to identify pediatric AIDS as a distinct disease and established the first day-care center in the world for children with AIDS. (Arye Rubinstein, M.D.)
  • In 1994, Einstein became the only New York City medical school selected by the NIH to participate in the Women's Health Initiative, the largest research study of women's health ever undertaken. (Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Ph.D., principal investigator)
  • In 2006, Einstein became the only medical institution in the Northeast to serve as a research site for the Hispanic Community Health Study, the largest research study of Hispanic health ever conducted. (Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Ph.D., principal investigator)
  • Einstein researchers demonstrated the association between reduced levels of high-density lipoproteins , or "good" cholesterol, and heart disease.
  • Einstein researchers identified a key missing neurotransmitter in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease, a finding that influenced all subsequent Alzheimer's disease research. (Peter Davies, Ph.D.)
  • Researchers at Einstein discovered structural abnormalities of brain cells that explain deficiencies in cognitive development, greatly contributing to our understanding of mental retardation. (Dominick P. Purpura, M.D.)
  • Einstein researchers helped discover the mechanisms responsible for the extraordinary diversity of antibodies and their remarkable precision in mounting an immune response. (Matthew D. Scharff, M.D.)
  • Scientists at Einstein pioneered research that has led to improved methods of avoiding organ transplant rejection. (Stanley G. Nathenson, M.D.)


Leadership

  • Allen M. Spiegel, M.D., The Marilyn and Stanley M. Katz Dean, June 1, 2006-present. Dr. Spiegel was previously the director of the National Institute of Diabetes & Digestive Diseases & Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) at the National Institutes of Health marker, where he worked for over 30 years.
  • Dominick P. Purpura, M.D., The Marilyn and Stanley M. Katz Dean, 1984-2006. His 22 years as dean are a record for the head of a medical school. [40437]
  • Ernst R. Jaffé, M.D., acting dean, 1972-74, 1983-84.
  • Ephraim Friedman, M.D., dean, 1974-83.
  • Labe C. Scheinberg, M.D., dean, 1970-72.
  • Harry H. Gordon, M.D., dean, 1967-70.
  • Marcus D. Kogel, M.D., founding dean, 1953-67.


Academic Programs

The school offers M.D. and Ph.D degrees and has a Medical Scientist Training Program [40438] that awards a combined M.D./Ph.D. degree. Students pursuing the Ph.D[40439] or M.D./Ph.D. degree are offered full tuition remission and a stipend of $29,000[40440]. At any given time there are approximately 625 medical students, 225 Ph.D. students, and 125 students pursuing a combined M.D./Ph.D. This makes it one of the largest medical schools in the country[40441]. The College of Medicine also offers M.S. degrees in clinical research methods. The school is known for its medical community promoting awareness, and humanism in social, ethical, and medical realms through its hospital affiliations, free ECHO health clinic [40442], and Bronx community health fairs.

Einstein is the largest medical school in New York City, as measured by active enrollment in 2008-09[40443]. It is currently ranked nationwide by U.S. News and World Report at #41 in research and #22 for primary care. [40444]

Affiliations

The Albert Einstein College of Medicine is affiliated with eight hospitals and medical centers: Montefiore Medical Center[40445](Moses and Weiler Divisions), North Bronx Health Network (Jacobi Medical Centermarker and North Central Bronx Hospital), Bronx Psychiatric Center, Bronx-Lebanon Hospital [40446] in the Bronx, Beth Israel Medical Centermarker in downtown Manhattanmarker,and North Shore–Long Island Jewish Health System on Long Island. Through its affiliation network, Einstein runs the largest postgraduate medical training program in the US, offering some 150 residency and fellowship programs to more than 2,500 physicians in training. Einstein's Department of Family and Social Medicine (DFSM) offers the Residency Program in Social Medicine (RPSM, est. 1970), created to address the shortage of primary care clinicians trained to work in underserved communities.[40447]

Departments

Einstein has 31 departments working in the fields of academic medicine and basic science. A Ph.D. or an M.D./Ph.D [40448] degree can be pursued in biomedical sciences in any of the following departments [40449]:

  • Anatomy and Structural Biology[40450]
  • Anesthesiology
  • Biochemistry[40451]
  • Cardiothoracic Surgery
  • Cell Biology[40452]
  • Clinical Investigations [40453]
  • Dentistry
  • Developmental and Molecular Biology[40454]
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Epidemiology and Population Health [40455]
  • Family and Social Medicine
  • Genetics[40456]
  • Medicine (Divisions)

- Allergy and Immunology


- Cardiology

- Critical Care Medicine

- Dermatology

- Endocrinology

- Gastroenterology

- General Internal Medicine

- Geriatrics

- Hematology

- Hepatology

- Infectious Diseases

- Nephrology

- Oncology

- Pulmonary Medicine

- Rheumatology
  • Microbiology and Immunology[40457]
  • Molecular Pharmacology[40458]
  • Leo M. Davidoff Department of Neurological Surgery
  • The Saul R. Korey Department of Neurology
  • Dominick P. Purpura Department of Neuroscience[40459]
  • Nuclear Medicine
  • Obstetrics & Gynecology and Women's Health
  • Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences
  • Otorhinolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery
  • Pathology[40460]
  • Pediatrics
  • Physiology and Biophysics[40461]
  • Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
  • Radiation Oncology
  • Radiology
  • The Arthur S. Abramson Department of Rehabilitation Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Systems & Computational Biology
  • Urology


  • The Division of Substance Abuse (DoSA) is the largest addiction treatment program in Bronx Countymarker, second largest public treatment program in New York State, and largest in the world operating under the auspices of a medical school. Serving over 3600 persons, with primary residence or work site in The Bronx, the Division provides comprehensive opioid addiction treatment at nine (9) community-based outpatient facilities located throughout the borough, as well as ambulatory services for all substances of abuse at the Division’s Chemical Dependency Wellness Services program located in North and South Bronx facilities.


The Division’s continuum of care includes:

1) Addiction screening, assessment and diagnosis. 2) Primary health care and behavioral health care. 3) Medication-assisted treatment for opioid addiction, including methadone and buprenorphine. 4) Medically supervised ambulatory chemical dependency wellness services to treat opioid drugs, cocaine, crystal meth, and other abused substances. 5) HIV and Hepatitis C testing, primary care and case management. 6) Vaccinations for Hepatitis A and B 7) Directly observed preventive therapy for tuberculosis 8) Specialized case management services for women and families, including prenatal and gynecological care. 9) Intensive vocational services that promote self-sufficiency.

  • Sound View Throgs Neck Community Mental Health Center


Centers and Institutes

  • Children's Evaluation and Rehabilitation Center(CERC) is the main clinical arm of the Rose F. Kennedy University Center for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities (RFK UCEDD), one of 67 UCEDDs in the United States. Composed of 10 interdisciplinary teams (Early Childhood Center, Infant and Toddler Team, Infant Preschool Unit, School Age Unit, Adolescent Unit, Adult Team, Special Care Dentistry Program, Rehab Team, Children's Hearing Program,and Developmental and Family Support Unit), CERC provides care for approximately 7,000 children and adults with developmental and other disabilities each year. Under the direction of Robert W. Marion, M.D., a medical geneticist, CERC's mission is to provide outstanding care to children with disabilities and their families, provide training to the next generation of leaders in the field of neurodevelopmental disabilities, and to perform research into the causes and potential treatments of the conditions that affect our patients.


CERC is home to one of 36 LEND (Leadership in Neurodevelopmental Disabilities) programs in the US, offering hands-on training to professionals in developmental and behavioral pediatrics, special care and general dentistry, medical genetics and genetic counseling, physiatry, psychology, social work, nursing, and other specialties. Each year, more than 1,000 professionals receive long-term, intermediate-term, or short-term training at our centers.

In recent years, CERC has also developed a substantial clinical research program, investigating the causes and treatments of such conditions as autism and autism spectrum disorder, sensorineural hearing loss, cerebral palsy, etc.



Student Life

Einstein is located in Morris Park, a quiet residential neighborhood in the northeast Bronx. Within a 15-minute drive of campus are the Wildlife Conservation Park (better known as the Bronx Zoomarker) and the New York Botanical Gardenmarker and its Haupt Conservatory. Also nearby is the fishing community of City Island, which features marinas and a broad selection of seafood restaurants[40469].

There are more than 50 student clubs organized around a variety of activities, medical specialties, and a wide range of religious, political, and ethnic affiliations. Offerings include dance and movie clubs, an arts and literary magazine, and the Einstein Community Health Outreach (ECHO), which launched the state’s first student-coordinated free clinic[40470].

Manhattanmarker is a 30-45 minute ride by car, express bus, or mass transit from Einstein’s campus.

The Jack and Pearl Resnick Campus

  • The Michael F. Price Center for Genetic and Translational Medicine is a $220 million research building, officially opened and dedicated on June 12, 2008. It is and will house 40 new laboratories. It is a state of the art research facility and contains a BSL-3 laboratory for infectious disease research.
  • The Arthur B. and Diane Belfer Educational Center for Health Sciences (1972) is the school's main educational building and houses the 1st year medical students' lecture hall (Riklis Auditorium) along with instructional labs and various conference rooms. The administrative offices are also located here.
  • The Leo Forchheimer Medical Sciences Building (1953) is the school's first building. It contains the Robbins auditorium (the 2nd year medical student lecture hall), Max and Sadie lounge, various biological research labs and anatomy labs, and other lecture rooms for graduate courses. In 2007, the building caught on fire twice, severely disrupting classes and research. This building is also home to the D. Samuel Gottesman Library, located on the 1st floor of the building. [40471]
  • The D. Samuel Gottesman Library [40472] serves the needs of the Einstein community. (during peak exam periods the library will have extended study hours on Friday night and Saturday, the weekend before exams.) The library is open Sunday through Friday; it is closed in observance of the Sabbath on Saturdays. In June 2006, the library embarked on a year-long renovation project of its main floor. [40473]
  • Ullmann Research Center for Health Sciences (1964).
  • The Irwin B. and Sylvia Chanin Institute for Cancer Research (1978) is devoted exclusively to basic investigations into malignant processes.
  • Mazer Building contains, among other things, the Lubin Student Center, which is the school's kosher dining hall.
  • Gruss Magnetic Resonance Research Center[40474]
  • The Samuel H. and Rachel Golding Building (1996) is a 10-story biomedical research facility that is an addition to the original Forchheimer building.
  • Falk Recreation Center, which houses a gym, pool, indoor track, in addition to basketball, squash and racquetball courts.
  • Morris Park Avenue bisects the campus, separating the majority of academic and research buildings from the residential buildings and new construction.
  • The Eastchester Road Residence Complex, a 634-apartment complex comprising three 28 story apartment buildings, provides housing to all MD and PhD students (including some post-doctoral fellows) and their families.
  • The Rhinelander Hall Residence Complex houses mostly post-docs and the occasional med student.
  • The Jack D. Weiler Hospital of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Weiler is a division of Montefiore Medical Center.
  • The Rose F. Kennedy Center for Research in Mental Retardation and Human Development lies on the adjacent campus of the Bronx Municipal Hospital Center (Jacobi Medical Center).
  • The Van Etten Building (soon to be fully renovated), home to the now finished Ruth L. Gottesman Clinical Skills Center, a 22,700 square foot space of classrooms and 23 fully equipped exam rooms for the clinical instruction of first and second year medical students.[40475][40476]


Beginning in 2007 with the construction of the Michael F. Price Center, EE&K Architects have been working closely with Albert Einstein College of Medicine on a comprehensive master plan of the future long-term development and renovation of The Jack and Pearl Resnick Campus.[40477]

Notable alumni



Allegations of discrimination

The College of Medicine has been the center of several allegations of discrimination. In 1994, the College was sued by Heidi Weissmann, a researcher in nuclear medicine and former associate professor of radiology, for sexual discrimination for not promoting her due to gender bias. The College settled the case for $900,000.

In 1998, Yeshiva University and the College of Medicine was sued by the ACLU for discrimination of two medical students over their sexual orientation.

See also



References

External links




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