Albert II of Austria (12
December 1298 – 16 August 1358, known as the Wise or
the Lame) was Duke of Austria.
Duke Albert II of Austria.
was born at Habsburg, the son of Albert I
of Germany, Rex
Romanorum, and Elisabeth of
Tirol. He became the joint ruler of all Habsburg lands with his younger brother, Otto the Merry in 1330, while
increasing his possessions by the inheritance of his wife Joan,
which was made up of the County of Pfirt and several
Furthermore, Albert succeeded in establishing his claims on
against John of
. Reflecting his high reputation among the secular and
Church leaders of Europe, in 1335 Pope
asked him to mediate
the church's conflict with Emperor Louis the Bavarian
. Two years
later, King Philip VI of France
1337 asked him for help against Emperor Louis and King Edward III of England
Albert remained faithful to the Emperor until Louis' death.
He established the "Albertinian House Rule" (Albertinische
) to predetermine the rules of succession in the
Austrian lands, although the rule was disregarded after his death
until renewed by Maximilian I, Holy Roman
. Adopted as part of the Pragmatic Sanction
, the Albertinian House
Rule effectively remained one of the basic laws of Austria until
owes him its (former)
constitution, the so-called "Mountain Book" (Bergbüchel
the same is true for Carinthia.
began the construction of the Gothic Choir in St. Stephen's
Cathedral in Vienna, known as
the Albertinian Choir.
It has been speculated that
he had temporal paralysis (explaining his nickname "Albert the
Lame") caused by polyarthritis
If so, however, it did not prevent him from fathering four
, who succeeded
him as duke, Frederick
Duke), Albert III
died at Vienna in 1358 and was buried in a monastery of his own
Charterhouse in Lower Austria.
Family and children
He married 15 February 1324 Countess Johanna of Pfirt
, daughter of Count
Ulrich III of Pfirt
and had the
- Rudolf IV of
Austria 1 November 1339, Vienna – 27 July
Married but line extinct.
- Frederick III of
Austria (1347, Vienna – 1362, Vienna). Died unmarried.
- Albert III
of Austria (9 September 1349, Vienna – 29 August 1395, Castle
- Leopold III (1 November
1351, Vienna – 9 July 1386, Sempach).
- Katharina (1342, Vienna – 10 January 1381, Vienna), Abbess of
St. Klara in Vienna.
- Margarete (1346, Vienna – 14 January 1366,
Passau 4 September
1359 Count Meinhard III of
- in Vienna 1364 Margrave Johann Heinrich of
- Gabrielle Caerr-Stamm: Johanna von Pfirt, Gattin des
Habsburgers Albrecht II. Herzog von Österreich oder das
europäische Schicksal einer Elsässerin ("wife of Habsburg
Albert II Duke of Austria or the European Fate of an Alsatian"). Sundgaugeschichtsverein, Riedisheim
1996, ISBN 2-908498-06-5.
- Franz Kurz: Österreich unter Herzog Albrecht dem
Lahmen ("Austria under Duke Albert the Lame"), Haslinger, Linz