Alberto Pedro Calderón (
September 14,
1920– April 16, 1998) was an Argentine mathematician best
known for his work on the theory of partial differential
equations and singular
integral operators, and widely considered as one of the 20th
century's most important mathematicians. He was born in
Mendoza, and died in Chicago.
Calderón
graduated in civil engineering
from the University of Buenos Aires in 1947 and earned a Ph.D. in
mathematics from the University of Chicago in 1950.
In 1958 Calderón published one of his most important results, on
uniqueness of solution of the
Cauchy
problem for
partial
differential equations. With his Ph.D. supervisor and mentor
Antoni Zygmund he formulated the
Calderón–Zygmund
lemma of
singular integral
operators.
During his
career he held academic posts at Ohio State University, the Institute for Advanced
Study, Princeton, the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology and the University of Chicago, from which he retired in 1985. He was
awarded many prizes for his work including the
Bôcher Memorial Prize in 1975,
the
Wolf Prize in 1989,
and the
National Medal of
Science in 1991. Calderón has an
Erdős number of 3.
The Calderón prize of the Inverse Problems International
Association is named in his honor.
See also
References
- Calderon Prize
Bibliography
- The book Harmonic Analysis and Partial Differential
Equations: Essays in Honor of Alberto Calderón by Cora
Sadosky, Alberto P. Calderón and Carlos
Kenig, University of Chicago Press, 1999, ISBN 0226104567, has
a biographical essay in the introduction, as well as giving an idea
of the breadth impact of his work.
- . This is one of the key papers on singular integral operators.
External links