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Alberto de Agostini National Park: Map

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Alberto de Agostini National Park is a park located in the Chileanmarker part of Tierra del Fuegomarker. It covers 14,600 km² and includes the Cordillera Darwin mountain range. The park is named after Alberto María de Agostini, who was an Italian missionary and explorer. Several tidewater glaciers and steep fjords form part of this park. The park also comprises the islands Gordon, Londonderrymarker and part of the Hoste Islandmarker (excluding the Hardy Peninsulamarker and other portions).

History

The area was visited by Charles Darwin. Picturesque areas such as Agostini Fjord were discovered only in the past century.

The park, along with Cabo de Hornos National Parkmarker, was designated a World Biosphere Reserve by UNESCOmarker in 2005, which is called Cabo de Hornos.

Geography

The park features a highly irregular coastline, which is deeply indent by fjords. The centerpiece of the park is the Cordillera Darwin, whose slopes drop precipitously to the sea. The Darwin range is dominated by Monte Darwinmarker and Monte Sarmientomarker. The valleys not filled by the sea are covered by glaciers, which also occupy small high plateaus.

Geology

Romanche Glacier
Much of the landscape of the park has been sculpted by glaciers. The largest glacier is the Marinellimarker, which is in a state of retreat as of 2008. One of the most stunning portions of the park is the Seno Pía, an embayment of the Beagle Channelmarker. The glaciers and mountains in this area form an amazing scenery, which also comprises the majestic Mount Darwin. Another glacier-related highlight of the park is the Avenue of the Glaciers, where the word avenue is used in a figurative sense describing a zone of the north-west arm of the Beagle Channel from which is possible to appreciate several beautiful glaciers when sailing along the north shore of it. These glaciers are: España, Romanche, Alemania (also known as Roncagli), Italia, Francia and Holanda.

Climate

The climate of the park is classified as subpolar oceanic climate.

Biology

Seno Pía

Ecoregion

The park is part of the Magellanic subpolar forests ecoregion. This pristine coastal ecosystem is home to various species of trees such as the Coihue of Magallanes (Nothofagus betuloides) and the Canelo (Drimys winteri).

Wildlife

The wildlife is mainly marine and includes Marine Otters, South American Sea Lions and Southern Elephant Seals.

Tourism

No roads lead to the park and most visitors arrive by cruise ship or other boats.

See also



References




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