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Alexander Keith (October 5, 1795December 14, 1873) was a Canadianmarker politician and brewmaster. He was mayor of the city of Halifaxmarker, Nova Scotiamarker, a Conservative member of the provincial legislature, and the founder of the Alexander Keith's brewing company.

Keith was born in Halkirkmarker, Caithnessmarker, Highlandmarker, Scotlandmarker, where he became a brewmaster. He immigrated to Canadamarker in 1817, founded the Alexander Keith's brewing company in 1820. He served as mayor of Halifaxmarker, Nova Scotiamarker three times, and as a member of the Legislative Council for 30 years.

Throughout his career Keith was connected with several charitable and fraternal societies. He served as president of the North British Society from 1831 and as chief of the Highland Society from 1868 until his death. In 1838 he was connected with the Halifax Mechanics Library and in the early 1840s with the Nova Scotia Auxiliary Colonial Society. Keith was also well known to the Halifax public as a leader of the Freemasons. He became provincial grand master for the Maritimes under the English authority in 1840 and under the Scottish lodge in 1845. Following a reorganization of the various divisions in 1869, he became grand master of Nova Scotia. There are 4 masonic lodges named in his honor, one in New Brunswickmarker in Monctonmarker, and 3 in Nova Scotia being in Halifax, Stellartonmarker, and Bear Rivermarker.

Alexander Keith died in Halifax in 1873 and was buried at Camp Hill Cemeterymarker across from the Halifax Public Gardensmarker. His birthday is often marked by people visiting the grave and placing beer bottles and caps on it (or, less frequently, cards or flowers).

He has often been confused with his nephew, Alexander Keith, Jr. (nicknamed "Sandy") who was a notorious Confederate agent during the American Civil War.

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