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Alexander Milne Calder (August 23, 1846June 4, 1923) was an Americanmarker sculptor.


Alexander Calder was born in Aberdeenmarker, Scotlandmarker, the son of a tombstone carver. He began his career in Scotland, working for sculptor John Rhind, the father of sculptor J. Massey Rhind while attending the Royal Academymarker in Edinburghmarker. He moved to Londonmarker and worked on the Albert Memorialmarker. Calder immigrated to the United Statesmarker in 1868 and settled in Philadelphiamarker, where he took classes (as would his son Alexander Stirling Calder) with Thomas Eakins at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Artsmarker. In 1873 he was hired by architect John McArthur to produce models for the sculpture for the Philadelphia City Hallmarker, which task was to occupy Calder for the next 20 years. Both his son, Alexander Stirling Calder and his grandson Alexander Calder were to become significant sculptors in the 20th century. He is buried in West Laurel Hill Cemeterymarker in Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania.

Notable Works

  • Philadelphia City Hall, John McArthur architect, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1873 – 1893
  • General Meade. West Fairmont Park, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1887
  • William Penn, 37-foot-tall statue atop Philadelphia City Hallmarker, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, placed in 1894
  • William Warner Tomb, Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1889



  • Bach, Penny Balkin, Public Art in Philadelphia, Temple University Press, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1992 ISBN 0-87722-822-1
  • Craven, Wayne, Sculpture in America, Thomas Y Crowell Co, NY, NY 1968 ISBN 0-87413-225-8
  • Fairmount Park Association, Sculpture of a City: Philadelphia's Treasures in Bronze and Stone, Walker Publishing Co., Inc, NY. NY 1974 ISBN 0-8027-7100-9
  • Hayes, Margaret Calder Three Alexander Calders, Paul S Eriksson Publisher, Middlebury, Vermont, 1977 ISBN 0-8397-8017-6
  • Kvaran, Einar Einarsson, Architectural Sculpture of America, unpublished manuscript
  • Williams, Oliver P., County Courthouses of Pennsylvania: A Guide, Stackpole Books, Machanicsburg, PA 2001 ISBN 0-8117-2738-6
  • Biography at West Laurel Hill Cemetery web site

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