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Alexander Stewart (c. 1375 – 1435), Earl of Mar.


He was an illegitimate son of Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan and probably Mairead inghean Eachainn.
Heraldic Arms of Alexander Stewart, Earl of Mar
Alexander held the Earldom of Mar and the Lordship of the Garioch first in right of his wife Isabel Douglas, Countess of Mar (d. 1408). Alexander's marriage to Isabella followed his capture of Kildrummy Castlemarker, and Isabella with it, in 1404. His possession of the Earldom was regularised in 1424 by grant of King James I.He led the so-called "Lowland" army, in fact that of the north-east and eastern Highlands, against Domhnall of Islay, Lord of the Isles at the bloody and indecisive battle of Harlawmarker. Unlike his father, who had been unable to keep the peace in the fractious north-east, Alexander, Walter Bower says, "ruled with acceptance nearly all of the north of the country beyond the Mounth". He achieved this not by using different methods from his father but by his ability to keep his cateran forces in check and to use them to protect his extensive lands when needed; the result was that the lowland areas of Aberdeenshire and Moray were protected.

Marriages and children

He had an illegitimate child, Thomas Stewart. Alexander first married to Isabel Douglas, Countess of Mar (d. 1408). Alexander remarried with Marie van Hoorn, daughter of Willem, Lord of Duffelmarker, in 1410. He died without having a legitimate male heir, and the Earldom of Mar passed to the crown.


  1. David Ditchburn, ‘Stewart, Alexander, earl of Mar (c.1380–1435)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2005 accessed 1 Aug 2007
  2. Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy p. 220 (London, UK: The Bodley Head, 1999)
  3. Grant, p. 157.
  4. Boardman, pp. 265,266


  • Boardman, Stephen I.,The Early Stewart Kings: Robert II and Robert III Edinburgh, Reprint 2007. ISBN 978-1-904607-68-7
  • Grant, Alexander, "The Wolf of Badenoch" in W.D.H. Sellar (ed.), Moray: Province and People. Scottish Society for Northern Studies, Edinburgh, 1993. ISBN 0-9505994-7-6
  • Nigel Tranter, The Stewart Trilogy, Dunton Green, Sevenoaks, Kent: Coronet Books, 1986. ISBN 0-3403-9115-4. Lords of Misrule, 1388-1396. A Folly of Princes, 1396-1402. The Captive Crown, 1402-1411.

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