(c. 1375 – 1435), Earl of Mar
He was an illegitimate son of Alexander Stewart, Earl of
and probably Mairead inghean Eachainn.
Heraldic Arms of Alexander Stewart,
Earl of Mar
Alexander held the Earldom of Mar and the Lordship of the Garioch
first in right of his wife Isabel Douglas, Countess of
(d. 1408). Alexander's marriage to Isabella followed his
capture of Kildrummy
Castle, and Isabella with it, in 1404.
possession of the Earldom was regularised in 1424 by grant of King
.He led the so-called
"Lowland" army, in fact that of the north-east and eastern
Highlands, against Domhnall of Islay, Lord of
the Isles at the bloody and indecisive battle of
Unlike his father, who had been unable to
keep the peace in the fractious north-east, Alexander, Walter Bower
says, "ruled with acceptance
nearly all of the north of the country beyond the Mounth
". He achieved this not by using different
methods from his father but by his ability to keep his cateran
forces in check and to use them to protect his extensive lands when
needed; the result was that the lowland areas of Aberdeenshire and
Moray were protected.
Marriages and children
He had an illegitimate
Stewart. Alexander first married to Isabel Douglas, Countess of
(d. 1408). Alexander remarried with Marie van Hoorn,
daughter of Willem, Lord of Duffel, in
He died without having a legitimate male heir, and the
Earldom of Mar passed to the crown.
- David Ditchburn, ‘Stewart, Alexander, earl of Mar
(c.1380–1435)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford
University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2005 accessed 1 Aug 2007
- Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy p.
220 (London, UK: The Bodley Head, 1999)
- Grant, p. 157.
- Boardman, pp. 265,266
- Boardman, Stephen I.,The Early Stewart Kings: Robert II and
Robert III Edinburgh, Reprint 2007. ISBN
- Grant, Alexander, "The Wolf of Badenoch" in W.D.H. Sellar
(ed.), Moray: Province and People. Scottish Society for
Northern Studies, Edinburgh, 1993. ISBN 0-9505994-7-6
- Nigel Tranter,
The Stewart Trilogy, Dunton Green, Sevenoaks, Kent:
Coronet Books, 1986. ISBN 0-3403-9115-4. Lords of Misrule,
1388-1396. A Folly of Princes, 1396-1402. The
Captive Crown, 1402-1411.