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Alfred James Dobbs (1882 – 27 July 1945) was a British Labour Party politician and trade unionist. He is most notable for being the Member of Parliament (MP) who served the shortest term, since the Second World War — just one day.

Dobbs was born in Wellingboroughmarker, Northamptonshiremarker. He served as a Rushdenmarker Urban District Councillor between 1906-10 and a Leeds Citymarker Councillor from 1923 to 1929, then as Alderman in Leeds 1929-36. Dobbs was Leader of Labour Group on Leeds City Council between 1931-36 as well as a magistrate.

Dobbs worked as National Organiser for the National Union of Boot and Shoe Operatives 1936-45. He was well-known at senior levels of the Labour Party, a member of the National Executive Committee 1936-45 and Chair of the Labour Party 1942-43.

Dobbs stood for Parliament on several occasions, in Altrincham at the 1929 general election and in Leeds North Eastmarker at the 1931 and 1935 general elections.

He was elected as MP for Smethwickmarker in the Labour landslide of 1945. However, having been elected on 26 July 1945, Dobbs was killed in a car accident the next day, 27 July 1945. Attempting to avoid a child, Dobbs' car was in collision with a military vehicle in Doncastermarker, and he was killed instantly. His passenger, Mrs. Elsie Marshall, died later in hospital. Although there have been occasions when MPs were elected posthumously, Dobbs has the dubious honour of having served the shortest term since World War II.

He was followed as MP for Smethwick by Patrick Gordon Walker.

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