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Algis Budrys (January 9, 1931 – June 9, 2008) was a Lithuanianmarker-Americanmarker science fiction author, editor, and critic. He was also known under the pen names "Frank Mason", "Alger Rome", "John A. Sentry", "William Scarff", "Paul Janvier", and "Sam & Janet Argo".


Budrys was born Algirdas Jonas Budrys in Königsbergmarker in East Prussia. He was the son of the consul general of the Lithuanianmarker government (the pre-World War II government still recognized after the war by the United Statesmarker, even though the Sovietmarker-sponsored government was in power throughout most of Budrys's life). His family was sent to the United States by the Lithuanian government in 1936 when Budrys was 5 years old. During most of his adult life, he held a captain's commission in the Free Lithuanian Army.

Budrys was educated at the University of Miamimarker, and later at Columbia University in New Yorkmarker. His first published science fiction story was "The High Purpose", which appeared in Astounding Science Fiction in 1952. Beginning in 1952 Budrys worked as editor and manager for such science fiction publishers as Gnome Press and Galaxy Science Fiction. Some of his science fiction in the 1950s was published under the pen name "John A. Sentry", a reconfigured Anglification of his Lithuanian name. Among his other pseudonyms in the SF magazines of the 1950s and elsewhere, several revived as bylines for vignettes in his magazine Tomorrow Speculative Fiction, is "William Scarff". He also used the pen name "Alger Rome" in his collaborations with Jerome Bixby. However, despite the statement above, while he was the 'inspiration' for the name, "Sam and Janet Argo," he did not write the one story which appeared under that name, "Hail to the Chief." This was by Randall Garrett, and appears, properly credited, at Project Gutenberg. He did, however, write several stories under the name "Ivan Janvier," as well as "Paul Janvier."

Budrys's 1960 novella Rogue Moon was nominated for a Hugo Award, and was later anthologized in The Science Fiction Hall of Fame, Volume Two (1973). His Cold War science fiction novel Who? was adapted for the screen in 1973. In addition to numerous Hugo Award and Nebula Award nominations, Budrys won the Science Fiction Research Association's 2007 Pilgrim Award for lifetime contributions to speculative fiction scholarship.

Budrys was married with 4 sons and last resided in Evanstonmarker, Illinoismarker. He died at home, from metastatic malignant melanoma on June 9, 2008.



  • False Night (1954)
  • Man of Earth (1956)
  • Who? (1958)
  • The Falling Torch (1959)
  • Rogue Moon (1960)
  • Some Will Not Die (1961) (an expanded and restored version of False Night)
  • The Iron Thorn (1967) (as serialized in If ; published in book form as "The Amsirs And The Iron Thorn"). On a bleak forbidding planet, humans hunt Amsirs - flightless humanoid birds - and vice versa. After one young hunter makes his first kill, he's initiated into the society's secrets. Still, he figures there are secrets the human race has forgotten altogether, and begins to hunt for answers.
  • Michaelmas (1977)
  • Hard Landing (1993)
  • The Death Machine (2001) (originally published as Rogue Moon against Budrys's wishes)

Collections (Fiction, Essays, and mixed)

  • The Unexpected Dimension (1960)
  • Budrys' Inferno (1963)
  • The Furious Future (1963)
  • Blood and Burning (1978)
  • Benchmarks: Galaxy Bookshelf (1984)
  • Writing to the Point (1994)
  • Outposts: Literatures of Milieux (1996)
  • Entertainment (1997)
  • The Electric Gene Machine (2000)

Short Stories

  • "Citadel" (1955)

  • "The Stoker and the Stars" (as John A. Sentry, in Astounding Science Fiction Feb. 1959)

  • "Be Merry" (1966) published in If, December 1966, Vol. 16, No. 12, Issue 109.

Audio Recording

  • 84.2 Minutes of Algis Budrys (1995), Unifont (Budrys's own company). Released on cassette, this featured Budrys reading his short stories "The Price", "The Distant Sound of Engines", "Never Meet Again", and "Explosions!".


  • Tomorrow Speculative Fiction (1993–2000); initially edited by Budrys and published by Pulphouse Publishing, with its second issue it was published and edited by Budrys with assistance from Kandis Elliott under the Unifont rubric. It ceased publication as a paper and ink magazine and became a webzine late in the decade.


  • L. Ron Hubbard Presents Writers of the Future, Vol. III (1987)
  • L. Ron Hubbard Presents Writers of the Future, Vol. 6 (1990)
  • L. Ron Hubbard Presents Writers of the Future, Vol 12 (1996)
  • L. Ron Hubbard Presents Writers of the Future Vol. 16 (2000)
  • L. Ron Hubbard Presents Writers of the Future, Vol 19 (2003)


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