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Alianza Lima is a football club based in La Victoria Districtmarker of Limamarker, Perumarker. The team plays in the Primera División Peruana and are one of the most successful and popular clubs in Peruvian football, having won twenty two first division titles and generally topping the popularity charts of national statistical surveys. The club was founded on 15 February 1901. The team currently plays in the top tier of Peruvian football known as the Torneo Descentralizado. The club has won 22 official first division titles, two less than rivals Universitario's record and seven more than Sporting Cristal. They play their home games at the Estadio Alejandro Villanuevamarker which has a capacity for 35,000 people.

History

Beginnings

The club was founded on February 15, 1901 as Sport Alianza by a group of young workers of a horse stud called "Alianza", property of former President of Peru, Augusto B. Leguía. The stud was located in downtown Limamarker at the time.

Its first uniform consisted of vertical green and white stripes, similar to the uniforms worn by the stud's jockeys. It later changed to the current uniform, dark blue and white vertical stripes. The closeness between players earned them the nickname Los íntimos ("The intimates").

Alianza participated in the amateur era of the Peruvian football league since the inaugural season 1912, winning its first title in 1918. During its first years, it played irregularly against other teams from Lima and the port of Callaomarker. Its matches against Atlético Chalaco from Callao stirred interest as a clash between limeños and chalacos. Sport Alianza had started to become a popular team drawing large support.

Three-peat and relegation

While the Alianza stud changed owners and locations continuously, the team was forced to constantly relocate in turn, until 1928, when under the new name Alianza Lima, the club settled in the third block of the Manco Capac avenue in the La Victoria Districtmarker, where it would stay and become emotionally attached.

That same year they played against the Federación Universitaria (University Federation) for the first time, which would be later renamed Universitario de Deportes and become their greatest rivals in what is today the most important Peruvian derby.

The 1930s brought great joy and frustration to the team. In 1931, 1932 and 1933, Alianza Lima won three championships in a row for the first time in Peruvian football. But the memory of this achievement should be tainted by the relegation in 1938. After a year in the Second Division the team returned to the first level and has stayed there ever since.

Titles and Cup Performances

During the 1940s, and start of the professional era in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, Alianza would win 10 championships; playing and failing to get to the final in the Copa Libertadores in 1976; with two in a row in 1977 and 1978, when its players formed a majority of the Peru national football team, enabling them to play first the 1978 Copa Libertadores in which they failed to get to the finals after losing to Deportivo Cali 1-4; and the 1979 Copa Libertadores where they did not get a single point.By this time, the club already played at the Estadio Alejandro Villanuevamarker in La Victoria, located in the neighborhood of Matute where there is vast identification with the team.

1980s decade

The 1980s were probably the most bitter years in the club's history. During the first years of the decade, despite having very good players, Alianza could not obtain titles, some which were snatched by Sporting Cristal, which was establishing itself as one of the three big clubs.

1987 air tragedy

In 1987, Alianza Lima was first in the standings with a few matches left, and it looked like a new title would be obtained, but tragedy got in the way. On 7 December of that year, Alianza made a trip to Pucallpamarker to play against Deportivo Pucallpa for the league. The match was won 1-0, with Carlos Bustamante scoring. The team took a charter flight for the round trip. The return flight departed on 8 December in a Peruvian Navy Fokker F27 airplane, which crashed into the sea when it was a few kilometers away from the Lima-Callao Airportmarker, close to the Ventanilla district in Callao. The only survivor was the pilot, all the players and the coaching staff died.

Alianza finished the championship playing with youngsters and a few players on loan from Chileanmarker club Colo-Colo, which had suffered a similar tragedy and offered to help. Friendship between both teams has been strong since then. Alianza could not keep the first place and its greatest rival, Universitario de Deportes, obtained the title.

The team had to restart from scratch and even former players who had already retired, like Teófilo Cubillas, or others who were about to, like Cesar Cueto, returned to play to help the club get out of these bitter times.

Alianza Lima was close to relegation in 1988, but it managed to hold on in the last matches. In the next few years, despite being competitive, it failed to obtain a title. This drought extended until 1997, which closed 18 sad seasons without winning a single championship and having lost a very promising team.

The titles and the centenary

In 1997, Alianza Lima obtained its first title after 18 years, under Colombian manager Jorge Luis Pinto. In 1999 it came in second place, after losing to Universitario in the finals. In the early hours 2000, tragedy struck again, when the young captain, Sandro Baylón died in a car accident while driving under the influence after crashing with a post.

In 2001 the club celebrated its centenary and obtained the national title after beating Cienciano in Cuscomarker, after penalty kicks. Later on, Alianza Lima would win the 2003 and 2004 championships, after defeating Sporting Cristal in both finals, this time under Argentinian manager Gustavo Costas. In 2006 Alianza Lima won again the championship beating Cienciano del Cusco in the play-off, enabling them to play the Copa Libertadores in 2007, in which they did not achieve a single point.

Colours

Alianza Lima's traditional uniform.
The number of stripes the jersey carries has changed over the years.


The team's home colours consists of a shirt with navy blue and white vertical stripes, navy blue shorts and navy blue socks. Its away colours are not commonly used nor well established, playing sometimes in blue or in white.

During the month of October, as a tribute to the "Señor de los Milagros", patron saint of the team, the regular colours are switched for an alternative purple one. The color purple is often associated with the religious image and its procession.

Stadium

The Club's headquarters are located at the district of la Victoria, city of Lima.

The infrastructure includes the Stadium Alejandro Villanueva with a capacity for approximately 35,000 spectators, training facilities and administrative offices.

Supporters

In years 2001, 2002 and 2003 was a comparative research of Apoyo Opinión y Mercado. 76% of the respondents was a fan of some football team and 24% reported that it had no preference. According to the survey, Alianza Lima in 2001 had a 42% versus 35% of Universitario and further Sporting Cristal. In 2002, the numbers varied but preferably not. Alianza Lima was a 43% Universitario 37% and Sporting Cristal with 13%. Alianza for 2003 reached nearly 50% of preferences compared with 31% of Universitario and 17% of Sporting Cristal. For socio-economic levels, Alianza won in A, C, D and E class, while the Universitario was leader in B class. The research found that Alianza’s supporters grow when the respondents where of down living standards (in the E class have the 63%).

In a study of the Compañía Peruana de Estudios de Mercado y Opinión Pública called "Profile of children and adolescents" between men and women from 11 to 17 years in Limamarker, Alianza wins with the 50% of preferences, followed by Universitario with 37%. Sporting Cristal won the 8% and other teams joined a 5%.

In 2004, a study of the Compañía Peruana de Investigación de Mercados (CPI) gives them the first place in terms of preferences at the population of Limamarker. 29.7% of the respondents revealed that they’re fans of Alianza. The same study indicates that 27.8% is a fan of Universitario de Deportes. Meanwhile, a 9.2% indicated to be a fan of Sporting Cristal, 3.0% of Cienciano del Cusco, 2.7% of the Sport Boys Callao, 1.1% of the Municipal Sports and a 24.4% did not sympathize with any team.

Despite the continuing controversy over which team is the most swollen (between Alianza and Universitario) a survey of Apoyo Opinión y Mercado in 2006 revealed that 54% of Peruviansmarker where soccer fans, and ensures that Alianza Lima owns 35% of the preferences, followed by Universitario, with 32%, and bit further away, Sporting Cristal with 17%, while the remaining teams have a combined 11%.

Also in 2006, in Trujillo, another survey revealed that Alianza Lima where 26% owned, 25% Universitario, 13% Sporting Cristal, Cienciano 7%, César Vallejo 4% Other 2% None 20% No 4% accurate.

In 2007, a survey conducted by the Grupo de Opinión Pública de la Universidad de Lima, allowed to ratify the results of previous years. Alianza Lima leads the polls with 31% followed by 22.6% of Universitario, Sporting Cristal 9.3%, 5.5% Cienciano, Sport Boys Deportivo Municipal and 2.1% 1.1%. In the same survey by socioeconomic level, Alianza won B, C, D and E classes. Universitario, marked differences in class A.

In 2007 too, a study conducted by Arellano Márketing Investigación y Consultoría in 5300 Peruvians of various ages and socioeconomic backgrounds from 16 cities, gives the first place to Alianza with the 38.3% of preferences, followed by Universitario (34.3%) above appears Sporting Cristal with 15.4% of preferences, and other teams have a combined 13.3%.

In february 2008, the University of Lima gives them like previous years the first place in popularity, although this time by very narrow margin. Alianza won with the 29.6% against 29.5% of Universitario. It must be said that the survey was conducted at the Metropolitan Limamarker and Callao. In 2008 also, according to a nationwide survey conducted by ICC Universitario won with the 38.3% of preferences, Alianza 33.5%, and Sporting Cristal 14.5%.

In October of that year, Alianza is leading again with 40% preference in Limamarker and Callao, according to a study of the Grupo de Opinión Pública de la Universidad de Lima. The survey also revealed that 4 of 10 peruviansmarker sympathizes with Alianza. The escort teams where Universitario de Deportes and Sporting Cristal with the 35.5% and 13.5%. The list is completed with Cienciano del Cusco with 3.3% to 2.1% Coronel Bolognesi, Sport Boys Callao with 1.7% and 1.1% with Deportivo Municipal. The remaining teams occupy 0.5%.

A survey of the Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru between November and December of 2008 confirmed that Alianza is the most popular team with the 27% preference in Limamarker and Callao. Universitario de Deportes was 21%, and Sporting Cristal 8%. The remaining teams joined by 3%. The survey conducted by the home study was conducted in 15 major urban provinces of Peru. In this regard, Alianza led again with a total 24%, followed by Universitario de Deportes (20%),Sporting Cristal (9%) Cienciano (3%), FBC Melgar (2%) and Sport Boys (1%) . 35% of those questioned claimed to have no sympathy whatsoever. A survey conducted by Ipsos support between 17 and December 19, 2008, Universitario de Deportes ranked first in popularity with 34%, one percentage point below Alianza Lima with 33%. The survey was conducted of 515 people older than 18 years and residents of the 16 main cities.

A survey conducted by Grupo de Opinión Pública de la Universidad de Lima in February, 2009, said that Alianza Lima ranked first in popularity with 27,2% below Universitario with 26,6%. The list continue with Sporting Cristal (10,3%), Sport Boys (3,4%), Cienciano (2,4%), Deportivo Municipal (0,4%), Universidad San Martín (0,4%).

Presidents

President Period
José Carreño 1901-1902
Carlos Villarreal 1903-1904
Esteban Manuel Aranda 1905-1906
Manuel Carballo 1907-1908
Julio Chacaltana Chacón 1909-1910
Foción Mareátegui 1911
Ricardo Pérez 1911-1914
Carlos Pedreschi Penisqui 1915-1918
Ernesto Vergara 1918-1919
Hipólito Venegas 1920-1924
Manuel Parra del Riego 1925-1926
Juan Bromley Seminario 1927-1931
Víctor Oyaque 1931
Juan Carbone Gardella 1931-1933
President Period
Adolfo Pedreschi 1934
Carlos Arias Schreiber 1935
Jorge Checa Eguiguren 1936-1940
Humberto Fernandini 1941
José Vásquez Benavides 1942-44 and 1951-60
Augusto Mulanovich 1945-50 and 1961-72
Luis Vargas Hornes 1972-1974
Enrique Zevallos Távara 1975-1982
Agustín Merino Tapia 1983-1989
Alberto Espantoso Pérez 1990-1993
Pío Dávila Esquenazi 1994-1996
Alberto Masías Ramírez 1996-2001
Alfonso de Souza F. 2002-2009
Guillermo Alarcón 2010-2013


Managers

Managers champions of First Division

Manager Years Titles
Guillermo Rivero 1928-1934 1928, 1931, 1932, 1933
Adelfo Magallanes Campos 1946-1948

1954-1956

1948, 1954, 1955
Luis Guzmán 1952-1953 1952
Jaime de Almeida 1961-1966 1962, 1963, 1965
Marcos Calderón 1975-1976 1975
Juan Eduardo Hohberg 1977-1978 1977, 1978
Jorge Luis Pinto 1997-1998 1997
Bernabé Herraez 2001 2001
Gustavo Costas 2003-2004 2003, 2004
Gerardo Pelusso 2006-2007 2006


Sponsors

Uniform
Period Supplier
1986-1991 Puma
1992-1994 Calvo Sportwear
1995 Polmer
1996 Adidas
1997 Kappa
1998 Penalty
1999-2003 Walon Sport
2004 Fila
2005-2009 Marathon
Sponsor
Period Sponsor
1988 Puma
1991-1992 Banco de Comercio / Banco Popular
1993-1994 América Televisión
1994-1995 Goldstar
1996-1997

2000-2001
Cerveza Pilsen Callao
1998 Banco del Progreso
1999 LG Electronics
2002 TIM

Gloria
2003 Siemens Mobile
2004 Pepsi
2005-2006 AmBev Perú / Brahma
2007-2010 Cerveza Cristal


Top scorers

Championship Player Goals
Campeonato Amateur 1928 Alejandro Villanueva 3
Campeonato Amateur 1931 Alejandro Villanueva 16
Campeonato Amateur 1949 Juan Emilio Salinas 18
Campeonato Profesional 1952 Juan Emilio Salinas 22
Campeonato Profesional 1955 Máximo Mosquera 11
Campeonato Profesional 1958 Juan Joya 17
Campeonato Profesional 1963 Pedro Pablo León 13
Campeonato Descentralizado 1966 Teófilo Cubillas 19
Campeonato Descentralizado 1967 Pedro Pablo León 14
Campeonato Descentralizado 1970 Teófilo Cubillas 22
Campeonato Descentralizado 1977 Freddy Ravello 21
Campeonato Descentralizado 1981 José Carranza 15
Campeonato Descentralizado 1993 Waldir Sáenz 31
Campeonato Descentralizado 1996 Waldir Sáenz 19


Current Squad

As of November 24, 2009

 


Out on loan

Noted players







Achievements

National Tournaments



Official Local Tournaments

  • Campeonato Regional:
    • Runner-up (2): 1986, 1990-II.
  • Campeonato Regional - Zona Metropolitana:
    • Winner (3): 1985, 1989-I, 1990-II.
  • Campeonato Interregional:
    • Winner (1): 1977.
  • Campeonato Plácido Galindo - Zona Metropolitana:
    • Winner (1): 1989.


Friendly International Tournaments

  • Copa Simón Bolívar
    • Winner (1): 1976-II
  • Copa El Gráfico-Perú
    • Winner (2): 1999, 2003
  • Copa Marlboro
    • Runner-up (1): 1990


Performance in CONMEBOL competitions

  • Copa Libertadores: 21 appearances (1963, 1964, 1966, 1972, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1983, 1987, 1988, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2009).
  • Copa Sudamericana: 2 appearances
:2002: Quarter-Final
:2003: Preliminary Round
:1996: First Round
:1998: Group Stage
:1999: Semi-Final
:2000: Group Stage
:2001: Group Stage


See also



References

External links



Notes


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