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The All-Africa Games, sometimes called the African Games or Pan African Games, are a regional multi-sport event held every four years, organized by the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa (ANOCA). The competing nations must all be from the African continent.


The first Games were held in 1965 in Brazzavillemarker, Congomarker. The International Olympic Committeemarker granted official recognition as a continental multi-sport event, along with the Pan American Games and Asian Games.

History

Modern Olympics founder Pierre de Coubertin conceived the Pan African Games as early as 1920. The colonial powers who ruled Africa at the time were wary of the idea, suspecting the unifying aspect of sport among African people would cause them to assert their independence.

Attempts were made to host the games in Algiers, Algeriamarker in 1925 and Alexandria, Egyptmarker in 1928, but despite considerable preparations taken by coordinators, the efforts failed. The International Olympic Committeemarker's (IOC) first African member, Greek-born Egyptianmarker sprinter Angelo Bolanaki, donated funds to erect a stadium, but still the Games were set back for another three decades.

In the early 60's, French-speaking countries of Africa organized the Friendship Games. The Games were organized by Madagascar (1960) and then Côte d'Ivoire (1961). The third games were set for Senegal in 1963. Before they were completed, African Ministers of Youth and Sport met in Paris in 1962; as a few English-speaking countries were already participating, they rechristened the Games as the Pan African Games. The Games were granted official recognition by the IOC as being on par with other continental Games such as the Asian Games and the Pan American Games.

In July 1965, the first games were held in Brazzavillemarker, Congomarker, now called the All-Africa Games. From 30 countries, around 2,500 athletes competed. Egyptmarker topped the medal count for the first Games.

In 1966, the SCSA (Supreme Council of Sport in Africa) was organized in Bamakomarker; it manages the All-Africa Games. The second edition were awarded to Malimarker in 1969, but a military coup forced the cancellation of the Games. Lagos, Nigeriamarker stepped in as host for the Games in 1971. Those Games were finally held in 1973 due to the Biafra War, which had just ended in Nigeria.

In 1977, the 3rd Games were scheduled to take place in Algeriamarker, but due to technical reasons, it had to be postponed for a year and was held in 1978. Continuing the pattern, the next Games were scheduled to take place in Kenyamarker in 1983, but were pushed back to 1985 and finally took place in Nairobimarker in 1987.

The four-year Olympic rhythm has not missed a beat since, and the Games have been organized in Cairo, Harare, Johannesburg, and Lagos. In 2007, Algiers once again hosted, becoming the first repeat host. Lusaka, Zambiamarker has just (Dec. 2008) withdrawn its offer to host the next edition of the 2011.

Host cities

Order Year City Country Date Top Medalling Country
1 1965 Brazzavillemarker July 18 - July 25, 1965
- 1969 Bamakomarker Disrupted by Military Coup
2 1973 Lagosmarker January 7 - January 18, 1973
3 1978 Algiersmarker July 13 - July 28, 1978
4 1987 Nairobimarker August 1 - August 12, 1987
5 1991 Cairomarker September 20 - October 1, 1991
6 1995 Hararemarker September 13 - September 23, 1995
7 1999 Johannesburgmarker September 10 - September 19, 1999
8 2003 Abujamarker October 5 - October 17, 2003
9 2007 Algiersmarker July 11 - July 23, 2007
10 2011 Maputomarker July 15 - July 27, 2011
The host city of the 2015 All-Africa Games is to be decided soon. Accra, Ghanamarker and possibly Kenyamarker have been mentioned as possible hosts.

All-time medal table

The table below gives an overview of the all-time medal count of the All-Africa Games.

Pos Country Gold Silver Bronze Total Year of

first medal
1 431 328 320 1079 1965
2 303 277 256 836 1965
3 198 174 137 509 1995
4 132 152 189 473 1965
5 123 106 133 362 1965
6 90 97 104 291 1965
7 40 40 73 153 1965
8 26 38 64 128 1965
9 23 29 34 86 1965
10 20 42 81 143 1965
11 18 26 57 101 1987
12 17 19 33 69 1965
13 17 18 33 68 1965
14 10 15 33 58 1965
15 9 12 15 36 1973
16 9 7 17 33 1987
17 8 3 8 19 1991
18 6 19 27 52 1987
19 6 8 16 30 1978
20 4 10 15 29 1991
21 4 8 10 22 1965
22 4 4 22 30 1965
23 4 4 7 16 1965
24 4 4 19 27 1965
25 4 4 10 18 1991
26 4 2 1 7 1987
27 3 1 2 6 2007
28 3 1 3 7 1973
29 2 3 6 11 1965
30 1 7 15 23 1965
31 1 2 2 5 1991
32 1 2 1 4 1973
1 2 1 4 1991
33 1 0 9 10 1973
34 1 0 9 10 1965
35 1 0 2 3 1999
36 1 0 1 2 1987
37 1 0 0 1 1973
38 0 13 18 31 1987
39 0 3 7 10 1965
40 0 2 10 12 1965
41 0 2 6 8 1965
42 0 2 3 5 1973
43 0 2 0 2 1973
44 0 2 0 2 1987
45 0 1 1 2 2003
46 0 0 2 2 1987
47 0 0 1 1 1999


Influence

After hearing about the Pan-African Games whilst on a business trip to Congo, Sovietmarker-Armenianmarker diplomat Ashot Melik-Shahnazaryan got the idea to create the Pan-Armenian Games.

See also



References

  1. Background


External links




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