Almere ( ) is a city and
municipality in the province of
Flevoland, the Netherlands, bordering
Lelystad and Zeewolde.
municipality of Almere comprises the
Buiten, Almere Hout, Almere Poort (under construction) and Almere Pampus (design phase).
Almere is one of the youngest cities in the Netherlands: the first
house was finished in 1976, and Almere became a municipality in
1984. It is the largest municipality
with184,405 citizens (7
July 2008), and the 8th largest in the Netherlands.
In October 2007, the city council of Almere
made agreements with the government to expand the city to 350,000
inhabitants by 2030.
The original plans for the IJsselmeerpolders
saw the land being used
for agriculture. However, after World
War II housing was needed for the rapidly growing population of
Amsterdam and two towns were planned in the polders Oostelijk
Flevoland and Zuidelijk Flevoland. The town in Oostelijk
Flevoland became Lelystad.
in Zuidelijk Flevoland was still called Zuidweststad
(English: South West City) on the first sketches, but in the 1970s
it became called Almere, named after the early medieval
name of the Zuiderzee.
The first house in Almere was finished in
1976. At that time the town wasstill controlled by the Openbaar Lichaam
(Z.IJ.P.), with a Landdrost
. In 1984 Almere became an official
municipality. Originally, Almere was envisioned as a town with
multiple centres. This idea was later abandoned in favor of
allowing neighbourhoods like Tussen de Vaarten to be built. There
is also a difference between the way houses are built in the oldest
and the newest parts of the city. The housing plan in Almere in the
1970s was basic functionality and a levelling of social status.
However, starting in the 1990s more exclusive homes with striking
designs were built (e.g., in the Regenboogbuurt
Former minister Annemarie
) has been the mayor
of Almere since 16 August 2003. On 7 April 2006 the new council
A list of mayors:
The first local council was installed on 2 January 1984 in the
presence of the then minister of the Interior Koos Rietkerk. The
council elections took place on 21 September 1983. Prior to 1984
Almere had an Adviesraad
, which was chosen every 2 years
(1978-1980, 1980-1982, 1982-1984). This Adviesraad
made up of different political parties similar to a local council.
On 11 March 1977 the first adviescommissie
was elected. It
consisted of 5 people that were chosen on personal title.Since
1998, the council of Almere has a total of 39 members.
Almere maintains international
with the following twin
Map of Almere.
Almere is located in the polder
of Southern Flevoland
). It is the most western municipality of the
. It borders with
Marken in the west and north, Lelystad in the northeast, Zeewolde in the east, and Lake Gooi in the south.
Almere consists of six districts (Dutch: stadsdelen
three of which are under construction.
Almere is known for hosting Defqon1, an annual Q-dance
rave/hardstyle event, which attracts around 40,000 people.
Theater "Schouwburg Almere"
||Almere in total
The traffic infrastructure in Almere is recognisable because of
itsseparate infrastructure for cycles (which have separate cycle
paths), carsand buses (In Almere the buses drive on a separate bus
lane).Almere is connected to the motorways the A6
In 1987 Almere was connected to the national railway system
) in 1988 with the
fully completedFlevolijn which
connected Weesp to Lelystad Centrum.
Almere currently has five railway stations:
station for Almere Poort will probably open within 3 years.
In Almere there are 10 bus lines which service the urban area:
- 1 Almere Buiten Stripheldenbuurt-Almere Haven De Marken
- 2 CS Almere-Gooisekant
- 3 Almere de Vaart-Almere Haven Centrun
- 4 CS Almere-Almere Poort Columbuskwartier
- 5 Almere Oostvaarders-Almere 't Oor (bus station)
- 6 CS Almere-Almere Parkwijk
- 7 Almere Noorderplassen-Almere Sallandsekant
- 8 CS Almere-Kemphaan
- 9 Almere Buiten-Almere de Vaart
- 10 Almere Buiten- Almere Stad Gooisekant
Most buses run about every 7 minutes.The bus company that runs the
buses is called Connexxion
and thename of
the local bus system is called Maxx
. In the
buses one can use the national bus tickets,subscriptions or one can
buy bus tickets of Maxx Almere
the local bus lines there are regional bus lines to Hilversum,Zeewolde, Harderwijk, Schiphol, Amsterdam Amstel
- CBS Statline. Retrieved on 2008-06-09.
- CBS Statline - Bevolking; ontwikkeling in gemeenten
met 100 000 of meer inwoners. Retrieved on 2008-06-09.
- Schaalsprong Almere 2030, PDF. Retrieved on
- Gemeente Almere: Partnersteden. Retrieved on
- Algemene Informatie. Retrieved on 2008-02-23.
- Gemeente Almere: Stadsdelen. Retrieved on
- Sociale Atlas 2007 Bevolkingsopbouw. Retrieved