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Alsergrund is the ninth district of Viennamarker, Austriamarker (German: 9. Bezirk, Alsergrund). It is located just north of the first, central district, Innere Stadtmarker. Alsergrund was incorporated in 1862, with seven suburbs. The area is densely populated, with a lot of government-built housing. According to the census of 2001, there were 37,816 inhabitants over 2.99 square km (1.15 sq. mi).

Many departments of the University of Viennamarker (main university) are located in Alsergrund, as well as the University of Economics and Business Administration (Wirtschaftsuniversität Wienmarker). There are also many large hospitals, including the biggest in Vienna, the AKH (Allgemeines Krankenhaus, German for General Hospital).

19 Berggasse, Alsergrund, is the former residence and office of Sigmund Freud. It was Freud's home from 1891 until his flight to Englandmarker in 1938, and is currently the site of the Vienna Sigmund Freud Museum. Most of the patients Freud treated during the development of his theories, of psychoanalysis, visited him at his Alsergrund office.

In addition, the park in front of the Votivkirchemarker, on the corner of Währingerstrasse and Schottenring, was named after Freud, in memory of his frequent visits there.

Liechtenstein Museum (Alsergrund, Vienna).


Geography

The 9th District, Alsergrund, is situated in the northern center of Vienna. It is 2.99 km² (1.15 sqmi) and, thus, the seventh smallest district of Vienna. The biggest north-south extension of the district reaches, with 2,350 meters (3.8 mi) of the belt, to the University Street Bridge. The main east-west extension is located between Augarten Bridge and Zimmermann place (2,000m, 3.2 mi).The district is delimited by: Gürtelmarker in the west, the Danube Canalmarker in the east, as well as the street-train Maria-Theresien-Straße-Universitätsstraße-Alserstraße, in the south. Neighboring districts are Döblingmarker in the north, and Währingmarker and Hernalsmarker in the west, plus Josefstadtmarker and Innere Stadtmarker in the south. In the east, Alsergrund is separated by the Danube Canalmarker from Brigittenaumarker and Leopoldstadtmarker.

Topography

The original topography of the district area is driven by strong construction, which only recently has been restricted. The biggest difference in height is located between the Bauersfeld Square (163 meters) and the metro station Michelbeuern (202 meters). The branches of the Danube river were significant for the formation of the area. Near the Danube Canalmarker (formerly also the Wiener Arm), the Salzgriesarm also flows through today's district area. This branch in Naphill initially flows through and around the current line Heiligenstädterstraße-Liechtenstein-Salzgries street, where it joins the Danube Canalmarker. Between the Danube Canal and the Salzgriesarm lies the Upper Werd, an island, which also includes Spittelau and Rossau. From the 13th Century, the Danube silted more and more, so that the riverbed in 1750 only from a shallow, narrow arm has finally been neglected.

The waterfront edge is still recognizable, through the waste ground between the Nußdorfer Straße (street), Währinger Straße, and Lichtenstein-Straße. It will be compensated by several staircase plants (eg Strudlhofstiegemarker). Formative of the district were the recent channeled Wienerwaldmarker streams. The most striking was the Alser Bach, at the crossroads today of Nussdorf Street / Alser Bachstraße, with the Bach Währinger united and often for flooding, especially of concern in Lichtental. Through the Althangrund, in the Cottage Quarter, runs the Döblinger Bach.

The foothills of the Vienna Woodsmarker also formed on Alsergrund several hills, on which, in the Middle Ages, a partial vineyard was operated. The Schottenpoint ("Scots Point") was in the area of today's Berggasse. The Herzogspoint ("Duke's Point") wasnear Lazarettgasse and the Sechsschimmelberg ("Six lane mountain") in the Bereich of Sechsschimmelgasse.

District sections

The Alsergrund was formed, in 1850, from seven suburbs. The names of the suburbs have remained in the section names, but also in the awareness of many residents. In the northeast area of the district, is the Althangrund, mostly with public facilities and infrastructure constructions built, such as: the Franz Josef station, the Vienna University of Economics, the institutes geosciences, mathematics, pharmacology and biology faculties of the University of Vienna, the Transport and postal and Telegraph Directorate. In the north, there is also the Spittelau with the incinerator Spittelau. South of Althangrund, joins the Rossau, which is mostly covered with residential buildings. Among the main installations include Roßauer barracks, the Servitenkloster, the Jewish cemetery. Even the Palais Liechtenstein belongs to Rossau, and not for northern Lichtental, a residential area with same parish. In the southern district of the territory, lies the Alser suburb, whose southern part was added to the 8th District, Josefstadt. The district is established, in large part, with academic institutions such as the Old AKHmarker and the Medical University of Vienna. In addition, in the suburb Alser, lie the Vienna University and the St. Anna Children's Hospital. In the east, lies the part of the Michelbeuern, whose southern part is taken almost entirely by the Vienna AKHmarker. Which lies north of Himmelpfortgrund. This district is almost exclusively populated residential houses and also the Sanatorium Hera. The north and east, this is also divided Thurygrund mainly residential area.

A breakdown of the district area is also in the Zählbezirken of the official statistics, in which the census district of the municipality are combined. The six Zähl areas in Alsergrund are Lichtental-Spittelau, Roßau, General Hospital, Nußdorferstraße-Volksoper, Liechtenstein Street, and University Quarter.

Education

Lycée Français de Vienne, a French curriculum school, is located in Alsergrund.

Notable residents

Franz Schubert's Birthplace.


Sister cities



See also



Notes

References

[Parts of this article were translated from German Wikipedia.]
  • "Wien - 9. Bezirk/Alsergrund", Wien.gv.at, 2008, webpage (15 subpages): Wien.gv.at-alsergrund (in German).


  • Felix Czeike: Wiener Bezirkskulturführer: IX. Alsergrund ("Vienna District Cultural Leader: IX. Alsergrund"). Jugend und Volk, Vienna 1979, ISBN 3-7141-6219-4.
  • Carola Leitner (Hg.): Alsergrund: Wiens 9. Bezirk in alten Fotografien ("Alsergrund: Vienna's 9th District in Old Photographs"). Ueberreuter, Vienna 2006, ISBN 3-8000-7176-2.
  • Hans Mück: Quellen zur Geschichte des Bezirks Alsergrund ("Sources on the History of the Alsergrund District"). Verein für Geschichte der Stadt Wien, Vienna 1978.
  • Alfred Wolf: Alsergrund. Bezirk der Dichter und Denker ("Alsergrund: District of Poets and Thinkers"). Mohl, Vienna 1993, ISBN 3-900272-48-4.
  • Alfred Wolf: Alsergrund-Chronik. Von der Römerzeit bis zum Ende der Monarchie ("Alsergrund Chronical: From the Roman era until the end of the monarchy"). Vienna 1981.
  • Alfred Wolf: Wien Alsergrund (Vienna Alsergrund). Sutton Verlag, Erfurt 2007, ISBN 978-3-86680-174-5.


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