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Alum Rock is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Clara Countymarker, Californiamarker, United Statesmarker and a community of San Josemarker. The CDP, which excludes all annexed areas, had a population of 13,479 at the 2000 census. Alum Rock was named after a rock formerly thought to be composed of alum in nearby Alum Rock Park. Formerly a separate town, much of the community is unincorporated surrounded by incorporated San Jose; neighborhoods between White Road and Capitol Avenue are part of a city/county agreement for annexation. James Lick High Schoolmarker (which is part of the East Side Union High School District), Joseph George Middle School, Pala Middle School, and other schools in the Alum Rock Union School District serve the neighborhood. Near the center of the community is a small neighborhood commercial strip along Alum Rock Avenue at White Road.


In the 1800s and early 1900s Alum Rock was mostly fruit orchard land. During the 1940s and 1950s, developers began building residential housing and formed the community of Alum Rock. During that time, Alum Rock Avenue and a passenger railroad passed through the town on the way to Alum Rock Park. In the 1980s and 1990s, Alum Rock's neighborhood became increasing older and more populated with Latino immigrants as "white flight" affected the area. Today, Alum Rock remains a unique community separated from the rest of San Jose.

The 5.4 magnitude “Alum Rock earthquake” occurred just northeast of the community on October 30, 2007, the strongest to hit the region since the Loma Prieta Earthquakemarker in 1989. No significant damage or injuries were reported.


Alum Rock is located at (37.367590, -121.825473) .

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.9 km²), all of it land.


As of the census of 2000, there were 13,479 people, 3,345 households, and 2,736 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 12,044.7 people per square mile (4,646.7/km²). There were 3,411 housing units at an average density of 3,048.0/sq mi (1,175.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 44.14% White, 2.23% African American, 1.71% Native American, 8.70% Asian, 0.39% Pacific Islander, 36.89% from other races, and 5.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 66.99% of the population.

There were 3,345 households out of which 44.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.2% were non-families. 13.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.98 and the average family size was 4.17.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 30.6% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 17.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 105.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.0 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $54,567, and the median income for a family was $53,872. Males had a median income of $31,485 versus $28,154 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $15,359. About 8.2% of families and 10.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.6% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.


In the state legislature Alum Rock is located in the 13th Senate District, represented by Democrat Elaine Alquist, and in the 23rd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Joe Coto. Federally, Alum Rock is located in California's 16th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +16 and is represented by Democrat Zoe Lofgren.

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