The Amber Road
The Amber Road
was an ancient trade route
for the transfer of amber
. As one of the waterways and ancient highways,
for centuries the road led from Europe to
Asia and back, and from northern Africa to the
important raw material, amber was transported
from the North
Sea and Baltic
Sea coasts overland by way of the Vistula and Dnieper
rivers to Italy, Greece, the
Sea, and Egypt thousands of
years ago, and long after.
Roman times, a main route ran south
from the Baltic coast in Prussia
through the land of the Boii (modern Czech Republic and Slovakia) to the head
of the Adriatic
Sea. The Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun or 'Tut' had Baltic amber among his
burial goods, and amber was sent from the North Sea to the temple
of Apollo at Delphi as an
offering. From the Black Sea, trade could continue to Asia along the Silk Road, another ancient trade
Old Prussian towns of Kaup and Truso on the
Baltic were the starting points of the route to the south.
the amber road probably
gave rise to the thriving Nordic
culture, bringing influences from the Mediterranean
Sea to the northernmost countries of Europe.
Oblast is called the Янтарный край, which means the Amber
Overview of known amber finding places in Europe
Amber roads connect amber
to customer sites in Europe, in the Middle
East regions and in the Far East.
Amber finding locations in
Overview of known amber roads by country
shortest (and possibly oldest) road avoids alpine areas and led from the Baltic
coastline (Estonia) through
Poland, Silesia, passed the
Gate, followed the river Morava to Slovakia, where it
crossed the Danube to Austria near
Carnuntum, heading southwards down to Aquileia at the Adriatic coast.
roads connected the North Sea and Baltic Seas, especially the city
of Hamburg to the
Pass, proceeding southwards to Brindisi in Italy and Ambracia (Greece). (See map
Amber Roads in Germany
indicates a number of alpine roads, concentrating around the
capital city Bern and probably
originating from the borders of the Rhône River and the Rhine.
section, including Baarn, Barneveld, Amersfoort and Amerongen, connected
the North Sea with the Lower Rhine.
section, led southwards from Antwerp and Bruges to the towns
Braine-l’Alleud and Braine-le-Comte, both originally named
"Brennia-Brenna". The route continued by following the
River towards Bern in
Three routes may be identified leading from an amber finding region
or delta at the mouth of River Openia towards Bresse and Bern,
crossing the Alps to Switzerland and Italy.
Southern France and Spain
connecting amber finding locations at Ambares (near Bordeaux), leading to Béarn and
Routes connecting the amber finding locations
in northern Spain and in the Pyrenees were a trading route to the