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The AAA logo
The AAA (pronounced "triple-A"), formerly known as the American Automobile Association, is a 50 million member North American not-for-profit automobile lobby group, service organization, and seller of vehicle insurance. Its national headquarters are in Heathrowmarker, Floridamarker.

History

AAA 50th Anniversary US stamp, issued in 1952, promotes the School Safety Patrol
The American Automobile Association was founded on March 4, 1902, in Chicagomarker, Illinoismarker as a response to a lack of roads and highways suitable for automobiles. The organization originally had 1000 charter members, generally auto enthusiasts. AAA’s membership base is and was formed from 9 local and regional motor clubs that combined to create a more powerful organization.

The association expanded its services over the years. The first AAA road maps were published in 1905, and AAA began printing hotel guides in 1917. AAA began its School Safety Patrol Program in 1920, and many driver safety programs followed in the decades to come. The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, which conducts studies on motorist safety, was established as a separate entity in 1947.

AAA was a sanctioning organization for auto racing in the United States until 1956. It sanctioned many races, including the Indianapolis 500marker. After the 1955 Le Mans disastermarker, AAA decided that auto racing distracted from its primary goals, and the United States Automobile Club was formed to take over the race sanctioning/officiating.

Current operations

A typical AAA office


Members belong to one of 69 individual clubs (such as AAA Northwest Ohio, AAA Mid-Atlantic, AAA Northern California, Nevada & Utah, the Automobile Club of Southern California, AAA Oregon/Idaho, AAA Merrimack Valley or Auto Club South, for example), and the clubs in turn own AAA. The member clubs have arranged a reciprocal service system so that members of any participating club are able to receive member services from any other affiliate club. Member dues finance all club services as well as the operations of the national organization.

From the standpoint of the consumer, AAA clubs primarily provide emergency road services to members. These services, which include everything from lockouts, winching, tire changes, automotive first aid, and towing, are handled by private local towing companies contracted by a state AAA club. Many AAA clubs have an automotive fleet division serving large metro areas, while private towing companies cover the surplus call volume by area. Recently, certain clubs have implemented an "on the go" diagnostic/installation automotive battery program, which offers members an additional service to an ever more demanding commute. This is part of AAA's vision for the future of automotive services, termed "Go, not Tow".

Clubs also distribute road maps and travel publications (TourBooks), and rate restaurants and hotels according to a "diamond" scale (one to five). The best hotels and restaurants according to AAA's criteria receive the Five Diamond Award. Many offices sell automobile liability insurance, provide travel agency, auto-registration and notary services. Maps, TourBooks, and travel agent services are generally free to members. AAA also offers member discounts at places like Payless ShoeSource and LensCrafters, and in some regions Burger King, Pizza Hut and Arby's through its "Show Your Card & Save" program.

International affiliates

The AAA has reciprocal arrangements with a range of international affiliates. In general, members of affiliates are offered the same benefits as members of the AAA while traveling in the United States, while AAA members are offered equivalent benefits while traveling in the territory of the affiliate.

International affiliates include:



AAA and motorist rights

The AAA has a mixed record with its support of motorist rights.

The AAA is known for occasional high profile motorist advisories of unreasonable traffic enforcement, such as when it rented a billboard to warn motorists of the speed trap town of Lawtey, Flmarker.

However, the AAA has taken positions contrary to motorist rights. Prominent examples include:

The AAA is a supporter of the Motor Vehicle Owners' Right to Repair Act, first introduced in 2001 but which has not become law.

AAA and the environment

Criticism

AAA's lobbying positions are perceived by some as hostile to mass transit and environmental interests.

Daniel Becker, director of Sierra Club's global warming and energy program, described AAA as "a lobbyist for more roads, more pollution, and more gas guzzling." He observed that among other lobbying activities, AAA issued a press release critical of the Clean Air Act, stating that it would "threaten the personal mobility of millions of Americans and jeopardize needed funds for new highway construction and safety improvements." "AAA spokespeople have criticized open-space measures and opposed U.S. EPA restrictions on smog, soot, and tailpipe emissions." "The club spent years battling stricter vehicle-emissions standards in Maryland, whose air, because of emissions and pollution from states upwind, is among the nation's worst."

Response

In response to these concerns, several competing organizations have emerged, including Better World Club. These organizations generally provide similar roadside assistance, trip planning and other services, in an environmentally friendly manner. This includes discounts for fuel-efficient vehicles and donations to environmental organizations.

Also as a response to the critics, the California State Automobile Association, a branch of AAA, set up a booth at the San Francisco International Auto Show to raise awareness regarding plug-in hybrid vehicles.

List of AAA regional clubs

Club Headquarters Founded Territory Website
AAA Northern New England Portland, Mainemarker Mainemarker, New Hampshiremarker and Vermontmarker www.aaanne.com
AAA Southern New England[Note 1] Providence, Rhode Islandmarker 1900 Rhode Islandmarker: all
Connecticutmarker: New Haven, Fairfield and Litchfield Counties
Massachusettsmarker: Bristol, Middlesex, Worcester, Berkshire, Plymouth, Suffolk, Barnstable, and Norfolk Counties

www.aaa.com/aaa/240/sne/
AAA Allied Group
(Greater Hartford Area)
West Hartford, Connecticutmarker Connecticutmarker: Hartford, Middlesex, New London, Tolland and Windham Counties www.aaahartford.com
AAA Pioneer Valley West Springfield, Massachusettsmarker Massachusettsmarker: Franklin, Hampden and Hampshire Counties www.aaa.com/aaa/045/pioneer
AAA Merrimack Valley Lawrence, Massachusettsmarker Eastern Massachusettsmarker, and Salem, New Hampshiremarker www.aaa.com/aaa/042/merrimack
AAA Hudson Valley Albany, New Yorkmarker New Yorkmarker state: Albany County, Villages of Waterford and Stillwater, City of Mechanicville in Saratoga County and all of Rensselaer, Greene and Columbia Counties www.aaahv.com
AAA Northway Schenectady, New Yorkmarker New Yorkmarker state: Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Fulton, Hamilton, Montgomery, Schenectady, Saratoga, Warren and Washington Counties www.aaa.com
AAA Western and Central New York Buffalo, New Yorkmarker New Yorkmarker state: Allegany, Cattaraugus, Cayuga, Chautauqua, Cortland, Erie, Genesee, Jefferson, Lewis, Livingston, Madison, Monroe, Niagara, Oneida, Onondaga, Ontario, Oswego, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, St. Lawrence, Tompkins, Wayne, Wyoming and Yates Counties www.nyaaa.com
AAA Southern New York Binghamton, New Yorkmarker New Yorkmarker state: Broome, Tioga and Chemung Counties www.aaa.com
AAA New York Garden City, New Yorkmarker New Yorkmarker state: Long Island, the five boroughs of New York City, and Westchester, Rockland, Sullivan, Ulster, Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Chenango, Delaware, Otsego, Schoharie and Herkimer counties, and parts of Lewis, Madison and Oneida Counties www.aaa.com
AAA North Jersey Wayne, New Jerseymarker New Jerseymarker: Bergen, Hudson and Passaic Counties www.aaa.com
New Jersey Automobile Club Florham Park, New Jerseymarker New Jerseymarker: Essex, Morris and Union Counties www.aaa.com
AAA South Jersey Voorhees, New Jerseymarker www.aaasj.com
East Penn Region
of AAA East Central
Allentown, Pennsylvaniamarker Pennsylvaniamarker: All of Lehigh County, and parts of Bucks, Carbon, Chester, Montgomery and Northampton counties www.aaaeastpenn.com
AAA Northampton County Easton, Pennsylvaniamarker Pennsylvaniamarker: Greater Easton area, the eastern municipalities and townships (Bethlehem, Bushkill, Forks, Lower and Upper Nazareth, Lower and Upper Mt. Bethel, Lower Saucon, Moore, and Williams) in Northampton County, and northeastern Bucks County www.aaa.com
AAA Reading-Berks Reading, Pennsylvaniamarker Pennsylvaniamarker: Berks County www.aaa.com
AAA North Penn Scranton, Pennsylvaniamarker Pennsylvaniamarker: Lackawanna, Monroe, Lycoming, Wayne, Bradford, Susquehanna, Pike, Tioga, Wyoming, Potter and Sullivan Counties www.aaa.com
AAA Central Penn Harrisburg, Pennsylvaniamarker Pennsylvaniamarker: Adams, Cumberland, Dauphin, Huntingdon, Juniata, Lancaster, Lebanon, Mifflin, and Perry Counties www.aaa.com/aaa/195/web
AAA Susquehanna Valley Sunbury, Pennsylvaniamarker Pennsylvaniamarker: Northumberland, Union and Snyder Counties, except West Beaver Township and McClure www.aaa.com
AAA Southern Pennsylvania York, Pennsylvaniamarker Pennsylvaniamarker: York, Franklin, Fulton, Bedford, Clearfield, Cambria, Clinton, Centre, northern Somerset and western Cumberland Counties www.aaa.com/aaa/238/reed
AAA Schuylkill County Pottsville, Pennsylvaniamarker Pennsylvaniamarker: Schuylkill County www.aaa.com
AAA Mid-Atlantic Wilmington, Delawaremarker Delawaremarker, Marylandmarker, Washington D.C.marker, and parts of Virginiamarker, Pennsylvaniamarker and New Jerseymarker www.aaamidatlantic.com
AAA Tidewater Virginia Virginia Beach, Virginiamarker www.aaatidewaterva.com
AAA Carolinas Charlotte, North Carolinamarker North Carolinamarker and South Carolinamarker www.aaacarolinas.com
Auto Club South Tampa, Floridamarker Floridamarker, Georgiamarker, Middle and West Tennesseemarker, and Puerto Rico www.aaasouth.com
AAA Alabama Birmingham, Alabamamarker Alabamamarker www.aaa.com
AAA East Tennessee Knoxville, Tenneseemarker Tennesseemarker: Anderson, Blount, Bradley, Campbell, Carter, Claiborne, Cocke, Grainger, Greene, Hamblen, Hancock, Hawkins, Jefferson, Johnson, Knox, Loudon, McMinn, Meigs, Monroe, Morgan, Polk, Rhea, Roane, Scott, Sevier, Sullivan, Unicoi, Union and Washington Counties www.aaaet.com
AAA Allied Group
(Bluefield Region)
West Virginiamarker: McDowell, Mercer, Monroe, Summers, Wyoming Counties
Virginiamarker: Bland, Buchanan, Dickenson, Giles, Lee, Russell, Scott, Tazewell, Wise Counties and City of Norton
www.aaabluegrass.com
AAA Allied Group
(Bluegrass Region)
Lexington, Kentuckymarker Kentuckymarker: Bath, Bell, Bourbon, Boyd, Boyle, Breathitt, Carter, Clark, Clay, Elliott, Estill, Fayette, Floyd, Franklin, Garrard, Greenup, Harlan, Jackson, Jessamine, Johnson, Knott, Knox, Laurel, Lawrence, Lee, Leslie, Letcher, Lincoln, Madison, Magoffin, Martin, McCreary, Menifee, Mercer, Montgomery, Morgan, Nicholas, Owsley, Perry, Pike, Powell, Pulaski, Rockcastle, Scott, Whitley, Wolfe, Woodford Counties www.aaabluegrass.com
AAA Allied Group
(Southern West Virginia)
Charleston, West Virginiamarker West Virginiamarker: Boone, Clay, Fayette, Greenbrier, Kanawha, Nicholas and Raleigh counties www.aaaswva.com
AAA East Central[Note 2] Pittsburgh, Pennsylvaniamarker 1900 Parts of Kentuckymarker, Ohiomarker, Pennsylvaniamarker and West Virginiamarker www.aaacentral.com
Akron Auto Club Akron, Ohiomarker Ohiomarker: Summit County (except Barberton) www.aaa.com
Ohio Auto Club Worthington, Ohiomarker Ohiomarker: Allen, Auglaize, Belmont, Butler, Carroll, Coshocton, Crawford, Delaware, Erie, Fairfield, Franklin, Guernsey, Hardin, Harrison, Holmes, Knox, Licking, Logan, Madison, , Marion, Medina, Mercer, Monroe, Morgan, Muskingum, Perry, Pickaway, Putnam, Richland, Sandusky, Seneca, Stark, Summit, Union, Van Wert, Wayne, Wyandot Counties www.aaaohio.com
AAA Allied Group
(Cincinnati Tri-State Area)
Cincinnati, Ohiomarker Ohiomarker: Brown, Clermont, Clinton, Hamilton and Warren Counties
Kentuckymarker: Boone, Bracken, Campbell, Carroll, Fleming, Gallatin, Grant, Harrison, Kenton, Lewis, Mason, Owen, Pendleton, Robertson and Rowan Counties
Indianamarker: Dearborn, Franklin, Jefferson, Ohio, Ripley and Switzerland Counties

www.aaacincinnati.com
AAA Miami Valley Dayton, Ohiomarker Ohiomarker: Montgomery, Greene, Clark, Champaign, Preble and Darke Counties www.aaaohio.com
AAA Allied Group
(Miami County, Ohio)
Piqua, Ohiomarker Ohiomarker: Miami County www.aaamiamicounty.com
Findlay Automobile Club Findlay, Ohiomarker Ohiomarker: Hancock County www.aaa.com
AAA Northwest Ohio Toledo, Ohiomarker Ohiomarker: Lucas, Wood, Ottawa, Defiance, Paulding, Williams, Fulton and Henry Counties www.aaanwohio.com
AAA Michigan[Note 3] Dearborn, Michiganmarker Michiganmarker www.autoclubgroup.com/michigan/
Hoosier Motor Club Indianapolis, Indianamarker Indianamarker: Bartholomew, Benton, Boone, Brown, Carroll, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Decatur, Delaware, Fayette, Floyd, Fountain, Greene, Hamilton, Hancock, Harrison, Hendricks, Henry, Howard, Jackson, Jasper, Jennings, Johnson, Lawrence, Madison, Marion, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Newton, Orange, Owen, Parke, Pulaski, Putnam, Rush, Scott, Shelby, Starke, Sullivan, Tippecanoe, Tipton, Union, Vermillion, Vigo, Warren, Washington and Wayne Counties www.aaahoosier.com
Chicago Motor Club[Note 3] Aurora, Illinoismarker Illinoismarker: Adams, Boone, Brown, Bureau, Carroll, Cass, Champaign, Christian, Clark, Clay, Coles, Cook, Crawford, Cumberland, De Witt, DeKalb, Douglas, DuPage, Edgar, Effingham, Fayette, Ford, Fulton, Grundy, Hancock, Henderson, Henry, Iroquois, Jasper, Jo Daviess, Kane, Kankakee, Kendall, Knox, La Salle, Lake, Lawrence, Lee, Livingston, Logan, Macon, Macoupin, Marshall, Mason, McDonough, McHenry, McLean, Menard, Mercer, Montgomery, Morgan, Moultrie, Ogle, Peoria, Piatt, Pike, Putnam, Richland, Rock Island, Sangamon, Schuyler, Scott, Shelby, Stark, Stephenson, Tazewell, Vermillion, Warren, Whiteside, Will, Winnebago and Woodford Counties
Indianamarker: Adams, Allen, Blackford, Cass, DeKalb, Elkhart, Fulton, Grant, Huntington, Jay, Kosciusko, LaPorte, Lagrange, Lake, Marshall, Miami, Noble, Porter, Randolph, St. Joseph, Steuben, Wabash, Wells, and Whitley Counties
www.autoclubgroup.com/chicago/
AAA Wisconsin[Note 3] Madison, Wisconsinmarker Wisconsinmarker www.autoclubgroup.com/wisconsin/
AAA Minnesota/Iowa[Note 3] Burnsville, Minnesotamarker Iowamarker: all
Minnesotamarker: Aitkin, Anoka, Becker, Beltrami, Benton, Big Stone, Blue Earth, Brown, Carlton, Carver, Cass, Chippewa, Chisago, Clay, Clearwater, Cook, Cottonwood, Crow Wing, Dakota, Dodge, Douglas, Faribault, Fillmore, Freeborn, Goodhue, Grant, Houston, Hubbard, Isanti, Itasca, Jackson, Kanabec, Kandiyohi, Kittson, Koochiching, Lac qui Parle, Lake, Lake of the Woods, Le Sueur, Lincoln, Lyon, Mahnomen, Marshall, Martin, McLeod, Meeker, Mille Lacs, Morrison, Mower, Murray, Nicollet, Nobles, Norman, Olmsted, Otter Tail, Pennington, Pine, Pipestone, Polk, Pope, Ramsey, Red Lake, Redwood, Renville, Rice, Rock, Roseau, Scott, Sherburne, Sibley, St. Louis, Stearns, Steele, Stevens, Swift, Todd, Traverse, Wabasha, Wadena, Waseca, Washington, Watonwan, Wilkin, Winona, Wright, and Yellow Medicine Counties
www.autoclubgroup.com/mnia/
AAA Minneapolis Minneapolis, Minnesotamarker 1902 Minnesotamarker: Hennepin County, Columbia Heights, Hilltop, Fridley, & Spring Lake Park www.aaa.com
AAA Nebraska[Note 3] Omaha, Nebraskamarker Nebraskamarker www.autoclubgroup.com/nebraska/
AAA Missouri St. Louis, Missourimarker Missourimarker, Arkansasmarker, Louisianamarker, Mississippimarker
Kansasmarker: Atchison, Brown, Doniphan, Johnson and Wyandotte Counties
Illinoismarker: Alexander, Bond, Calhoun, Clinton, Edwards, Franklin, Gallatin, Greene, Hamilton, Hardin, Jackson, Jefferson, Jersey, Johnson, Madison, Marion, Massac, Monroe, Perry, Pope, Pulaski, Randolph, St. Clair, Saline, Union, Wabash, Washington, Wayne, White and Williamson Counties
Indianamarker: Crawford, Daviess, Dubois, Gibson, Knox, Martin, Perry, Pike, Posey, Spencer, Vanderburgh and Warrick Counties
Texarkana, Texasmarker



www.ouraaa.com
AAA Allied Group
(Kansas)
Topeka, Kansasmarker Kansasmarker, except Atchison, Brown, Doniphan, Johnson and Wyandotte Counties www.aaakansas.com
AAA South Dakota[Note 4] Sioux Falls, South Dakotamarker South Dakotamarker www.aaasouthdakota.com
AAA North Dakota[Note 3] Fargo, North Dakotamarker North Dakotamarker www.autoclubgroup.com/nodak/
AAA Oklahoma Oklahoma City, Oklahomamarker Oklahomamarker www.aaaoklahoma.com
AAA Texas[Note 5] Dallas, Texasmarker Texasmarker, except Texarkanamarker www.aaa-texas.com
California State Automobile Association San Francisco, Californiamarker Californiamarker: Alamedamarker, Alpinemarker, Amadormarker, Buttemarker, Calaverasmarker, Colusamarker, Contra Costamarker, Del Nortemarker, El Doradomarker,Fresno,Glenn,Humboldt,Kings,Lake,Lassen,Madera,Marin,Mariposa,Mendocino,Merced,Modoc,Monterey,Napa,Nevada,Placer,Plumas,Sacramento,San Benito,San Francisco,San Joaquin,San Mateo,Santa Clara,Santa Cruz,Shasta,Sierra,Siskiyou,Solano,Sonoma,Stanislaus,Sutter,Tehama,Trinity,Tuolumne,Yolo andYuba Counties

Nevadamarker and Utahmarker: all
www.csaa.com
Automobile Club of Southern California Costa Mesa, Californiamarker 1900 Californiamarker: Inyo, Imperial, Kern, Los Angeles, Mono, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Tulare and Ventura Counties www.aaa-calif.com
AAA New Mexico[Note 5] Albuquerque, New Mexicomarker New Mexicomarker www.aaa-newmexico.com
AAA Colorado Denver, Coloradomarker Coloradomarker www.aaacolorado.com
AAA MountainWest Helena, Montanamarker Alaskamarker, Montanamarker, Wyomingmarker www.aaamtw.com
AAA Oregon/Idaho Portland, Oregonmarker Oregonmarker and southern Idahomarker www.aaaorid.com
AAA Washington Bellevue, Washingtonmarker Washingtonmarker and northern Idahomarker www.aaawa.com
AAA Hawaii[Note 5] Honolulu, Hawaiimarker Hawaiimarker www.aaa-hawaii.com
  1. The Automobile Club of Rhode Island merged with the Bancroft Automobile Club (based in Worcester, Mass.) in 1987 to form the AAA South Central New England. AAA Massachusetts (formerly the Boston Automobile Club) joined in 1996, and AAA Berkshire County in July 2004 to form the present AAA Southern New England.
  2. The Cleveland Automobile Club (founded in 1900) merged with the Alliance Automobile Club, the Tuscarawas County Autombile Club, and others to form the Ohio Motorist Association in 1978. The Ohio Motorist Association (based in Cleveland) merged into AAA East Central on January 1, 2005. Pittsburgh, Cleveland AAA to merge. Pittsburgh Business Times, December 10, 2004. Retrieved on 2009-08-04
  3. The Auto Club Group, based in Dearborn, Michigan, operates AAA Michigan, AAA Minnesota/Iowa, AAA Nebraska, AAA North Dakota, AAA Wisconsin and the Chicago Motor Club.
  4. AAA South Dakota is part of AAA Oklahoma.
  5. AAA Texas, AAA New Mexico and AAA Hawaii are part of the Auto Club of Southern California Enterprise.


See also



References

  1. A Brief History of AAA Southern New England. Retrieved on 2009-08-04.


External links

  • AAA.com AAA's official Web site
  • AAA.mobi AAA's official Mobile site
  • Your AAA Use this page (enter a ZIP code) to get to the AAA Club for the area you are interested in



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