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American Car and Foundry (often abbreviated as ACF) is a manufacturer of railroad rolling stock. One of its subsidiaries was once (1925-54) a manufacturer of motor coaches and trolley coaches under the brand names of (first) ACF and (later) ACF-Brill. Today ACF is known as ACF Industries LLC and is based in St. Charles, Missouri.


American Car and Foundry was formed and incorporated in New Jerseymarker in 1899 as the result of the merger of 13 smaller railroad car manufacturers. The company was made up of:

Later in 1899, ACF acquired Bloomsburg Car Manufacturing Company (of Bloomsburg, Pennsylvaniamarker). Two years later, ACF acquired Jackson and Sharp Company (founded 1863 in Wilmington, Delawaremarker), and the Common Sense Bolster Company (of Chicago, Illinoismarker). The unified company made a great investment in the former Jackson & Woodin plant in Pennsylvania, spending about $3 million. It was at this plant that ACF built the first all-steel passenger car in the world in 1904. The car was built for the Interborough Rapid Transit system of New York Citymarker, the first of 300 such cars ordered by the railroad.

1904 and 1905 saw ACF build several motor cars and trailers for the London Underground. In these two years, ACF also acquired Southern Car and Foundry (founded 1899 in Memphis, Tennesseemarker), Indianapolismarker Car and Foundry and Indianapolis Car Company.



Historically, ACF built passenger and freight cars. One of the largest customers was Union Pacific, whose armor-yellow carbon steel lightweight passenger rolling stock was mostly built by ACF. Famous dome-observation Native Son was an ACF product. Today, the American passenger car market is erratic in production, and is mostly handled by specialty manufacturers. Competitors Budd, Pullman-Standard, and St. Louis Car have all either exited the market or gone out of business. Currently, ACF builds mostly covered hopper cars for hauling items like corn or other grains. Other products are mainly miscellaneous steel products.

See also


  1. Chronological History - Union Pacific Railroad Company
  2. Kaminski, Edward S. (1999). - American Car & Foundry Company: A Centennial History, 1899-1999. - Wilton, California: Signature Press. - ISBN 0963379100
  3. "A new fleet shapes up. (High-Tech Railroading)". - Railway Age. - (c/o HighBeam Research). - September 1, 1990

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