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Amlwch is the most northerly town in Walesmarker. It is situated on the north coast of the Isle of Angleseymarker, on the A5025 which connects it to Holyheadmarker and to the Menai Bridgemarker. The town has no beach, but it has impressive coastal cliffs. Tourism is an important element of the local economy. At one time it was a busy port, with boats sailing to the Isle of Manmarker and to Liverpoolmarker. A number of the houses date from the 19th century and add to the atmosphere of the town.

The local newspaper for northeastern Anglesey is Yr Arwydd ('The Sign').

The name Amlwch – a reference to the site of the town's harbour, Porth Amlwch – derives from Welsh am ("on, around") and llwch (an old word meaning "inlet, creek").

According to legend in the Middle Ages the town developed on a site that had a harbour but was not visible from the sea, which helped to reduce the chance of Viking attacks.

It grew rapidly in the 18th century near what was then the world's biggest copper mine at the nearby Parys Mountainmarker. By the late 18th century, Amlwch had a population of around 10,000 and was the second largest town in Wales after Merthyr Tydfilmarker. It was at this time that its harbour was also extended to accommodate the ships needed to transport the ore. It is currently the fourth largest settlement on the island with 3,438 inhabitants.

When copper mining began to decline in the mid 1850s, shipbuilding became the main industry with many people also becoming involved in the ship repair and other maritime industries. Even after the decline of the copper mine some chemical industries remained and in 1953 a chemical plant to extract bromine from sea water (for use in petrol engines) was built but this closed in 2004. The imminent closure of nearby Wylfa Nuclear Power Stationmarker will have a further detrimental effect on the local economy.

At the peak of the copper mining, it is believed that Amlwch had a record of public house to person ratio, with there being one pub for every 4 people . Today the ratio is nowhere near that mark but you can find pubs such as the King's Headmarker, the Queen's Head, the Mariner, the Dinorben Arms Hotel and the Market Tavern in the town, and the Liverpool Arms and the Adelphi Vaults down in the port area. It also used to have a station which was the northern terminus of the Anglesey Central Railwaymarker which was open between 1864 and 1993.

Attractions in Amlwch include its restored port, the Anglesey Coastal Pathmarker which passes through it, its watch tower containing a small heritage centre, and the reinforced concrete church Our Lady of the Sea. The town's leisure centre is one of the few on Anglesey and has a swimming pool, sports centre and squash courts.

The town also has two football teams, Amlwch Town F.C., who play in the Welsh Alliance League and the Adelphi Vaults F.C., a Sunday League pub team currently playing in the My Scaffolding League Division 1.

It is also home to the local secondary school, Ysgol Syr Thomas Jones.


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