was formerly venerated as the
traditionally sheltered by Saint Alban
who was converted by him, as a consequence of which Alban was
Prior to Christianity
of the Roman Empire
, Christians in Britain
were persecuted by Romans. Alban
sheltered Amphibalus in his home, and was converted to Christianity
by him. When Roman soldiers came in search of the priest, Alban and
Amphibalus exchanged cloaks, and Alban was arrested instead of
Amphibalus. Alban was executed on the current site of
It is unlikely that Amphibalus was the genuine name of the priest -
it is likely to be Geoffrey of
's misunderstanding of the Latin
word used for the cloak, amphibalus
, passed to Alban.
Similarly, other details concerning the life of Amphibalus should
be approached with historical caution. He is believed to have
come from Caerleon, and to have
converted numerous Britons to Christianity, including Saint Stephanus and Saint Socrates with whom he fled to Wales.
later caught by the Romans, and returned to Verulamium where he was executed.
identified as of Amphibalus were discovered at Redbourn in Hertfordshire, England, near the
town of St
Albans, in 1178, and placed in the Abbey
The first shrine
Saint Amphibalus was destroyed when the roof of the abbey
collapsed. A new shrine was built circa 1350,
but was destroyed during the Dissolution of the
, and the remains of Saint Amphibalus were
dispersed. Fragments of the shrine were found in the nineteenth
century and can be found in St Albans Cathedral.