Anaconda, county seat of
City/Deer Lodge County, is located in mountainous southwestern Montana.
County Courthouse in Anaconda
passes within 8 miles (13 km) of the community with
the local Pintler Mountain range reaching 10,379 feet (3164 m).
According to the 2004 US Census the population is 9,088, with a per
capita personal income of $21,163 and a median household income of
$26,305. It is the ninth biggest city in Montana. Central Anaconda
is 5,335 feet (1626 m) above sea level
, and is
surrounded by the communities of Opportunity and West Valley.
The county area is 741 square miles (1,919 km²), characterized
by densely timbered forestlands, lakes, mountains and recreation
grounds. The county has common borders with Beaverhead,
Butte-Silver Bow, Granite, Jefferson and Powell counties.
- Elevation: 5335 ft (1,626 m)
- Average annual rainfall: 14 inches (356 mm)
- Average length of growing season: 114 days
- Average annual snowfall: 6.0 inches (15 cm)
- Average annual temperature: 43.0 °F (6.1 °C)
Anaconda was founded by Marcus Daly
of the Copper Kings
, who financed the
construction of a smelter on nearby Warm Springs Creek to process
copper ore from the Butte mines. In June 1883, Daly filed for a
town plat for “Copperopolis,” but that name already graced a mining
town in Meagher County
Instead, Daly named the town for his Anaconda Mine. The Anaconda Company expanded smelting capacity
over time, and by 1919 the Washoe Reduction Works could boast that
its 585-foot (178 m) smokestack (Anaconda Smelter Stack) was the tallest masonry structure in the world and
that the smelter-refining complex constituted the world’s largest
nonferrous processing plant.
In 1980, Atlantic Richfield Company
smelter, bringing an end to almost a century of mineral processing.
Since then, an operation for environmental cleanup was put into
place by the Environmental Protection Agency and executed with the
assistance of ARCO
. The multi-million dollar
cleanup and investment has resulted in the formation of "Old Works"
Golf Course, a championship 18-hole course designed by Jack Nicklaus
- Hunting - Many local establishments can
provide hunting licenses for in-state and out of state hunters.
There are hundreds of miles of hunting available to the public in
the area. With permit, hunting is permitted for fowl, bear, mountain lion,
elk, deer and moose, however only deer and
elk hunting is allowed without application to
the state hunting license draw.
- Fishing - With the exception of many
mountain lakes and streams, primary fishing spots include Silver
Lake, Georgetown Lake, Echo Lake, Warm Springs Creek and the Big
- Golf - The Old Works Golf Course is a
Jack Nicklaus signature golf course. The course provides affordable
greens fees, professional private instruction, and an excellent
course that is accommodating to the learning enthusiast or the golf
professional. There is also a local country club and an 18 hole
championship golf course located at Fairmont Hot Springs.
- Skiing - With plentiful
trails for cross country skiers, and the Discovery Ski
Area for downhill skiers Anaconda is an excellent place
for the skiing enthusiast. The Discovery Ski Area also
grooms 5 km of cross country ski trails. Discovery ski area
boasts 15 downhill double black diamond trails.
- Darts -The annual Winter Getaway dart
tournament held in several local establishments draws as the
largest regional dart tournament in the State of Montana
- Museums - The Copper Village Museum and
Arts Center provides visitors and residents with art and history of
the local area.
Notable natives and residents
- Aarstad, Rich, Ellie Arguimbau, Ellen Baumler, Charlene
Porsild, and Brian Shovers. Montana Place Names from Alzada to Zortman. Montana
Historical Society Press.