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Andover is a town in Oxford Countymarker, Mainemarker, United Statesmarker. The population was 864 at the 2000 census. Set among mountains and crossed by the Appalachian Trail, Andover is home to the Andover Earth Stationmarker and Lovejoy Covered Bridge.

History

Originally called East Andover Plantation, it was first settled in 1789 by Ezekiel Merrill from Andover, Massachusettsmarker. It was purchased from Massachusettsmarker by Samuel Johnson and others from Andover in 1791, the year Colonel Thomas Poor built the first mills at the falls. The town was incorporated on June 23, 1804 as East Andover, renamed Andover in 1820 when Maine separated from Massachusetts.

Early occupations included agriculture and lumbering. As the town developed, factories made doors, sash, blinds, starch, cheese, boots and shoes, edge-tools, carriages and harness. It also had a tannery. Located on an intervale surrounded by mountains, Andover was noted for "its grand and beautiful scenery," with streams abounding in trout. After the Civil War, the town became a popular destination for sportsmen, especially fishermen attracted by the nearby Richardson Lakes. A hotel was built to accommodate the influx of tourists.

In 1960, Andover was selected to be site of the Andover Earth Stationmarker, completed in 1962. It was the location of the first live transatlantic television signal broadcast by satellite Telstar 1.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 57.5 square miles (148.8 km²), of which, 57.4 square miles (148.7 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.07%) is water. Crossed by the Appalachian Trail, Andover is drained by the Ellis Rivermarker, a tributary of the Androscoggin River.

The town is crossed by state routes 5 and 120. It borders the towns of Roxburymarker and Byronmarker to the east, Rumfordmarker to the south, Newrymarker to the south and west, Andover West Surplus to the west, and Andover North Surplus to the north.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 864 people, 359 households, and 257 families residing in the town. The population density was 15.1 people per square mile (5.8/km²). There were 553 housing units at an average density of 9.6/sq mi (3.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.96% White, 0.46% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.12% from other races, and 0.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.35% of the population.

There were 359 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.8% were married couples living together, 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 30.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 99.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $36,058, and the median income for a family was $40,855. Males had a median income of $32,031 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,253. About 9.0% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.3% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over.

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