André Tacquet (Antwerp 23 June 1612 – 22 December, Antwerp 1660) was a
Flemish mathematician. His work prepared ground
for the eventual discovery of the
calculus.
He was
born in Antwerp, and entered
the Jesuit Order in 1629. From 1631 to 1635, he
studied mathematics, physics and logic at Leuven. Two
of his teachers were
Saint-Vincent and
Francois d'Aguilon.
Tacquet became a brilliant mathematician of international fame and
his works were often reprinted and translated (into Italian and
English). He helped articulate some of the preliminary concepts
necessary for
Isaac Newton and
Gottfried Leibniz to recognize the inverse
nature of the
quadrature and the
tangent. He was one of the precursors of the
infinitesimal calculus,
developed by
John Wallis. His most
famous work, which influenced the thinking of
Blaise Pascal and his contemporaries, is
Cylindricorum et annularium (1651). In this book Tacquet
presented how a moving point could generate a
curve and the theories of
area and
volume.
He died in Antwerp.
Bibliography
- Opera Omnia Cylindricorum et Annularium (Antwerp, 1651)
- Elementa Geometriae (Antwerp, 1654)
- Arithmeticae Theoria et Praxis (Louvain 1656)
- Cylindricorum et annularium liber V, (Antwerp 1659) full text
Amsterdam,
- Elementa Euclideae, geometriae (Amsterdam 1725) full text
References