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Andravída ( , ) is a city in the Ilia Prefecture of the Peloponnesemarker, Greecemarker. It has a military base on the east side and a forest on the north side. It was the capital of the Principality of Achaea from 1295 until 1460; after this it was conquered and ruled by the Ottoman Empire until Greek independence. It had a court which is no longer used, and a Frankish-built church, Aghia Sophia, in the heart of town. A plain extends to the south of the city. Its population is about 3,000. Its main street is named Aghíou Konstantínou (Αγίου Κωνσταντίνου). The area code is 11 then, 031 then, 26230 with 5 digits. Distance from Patrasmarker is around 65 to 66 km SW and 35 km NW of Pyrgosmarker.

The population growth has been steadily growing. The population grew between 1% and 2% in the 20th century, and today is growing at the 1% mark. Houses are still being built in town.

Geography and features

The location is around ; the elevation is 5 m in town, 4 m to 6 m in other areas.

Near the road that connects the National Highway (Road) 9, also E55, a tomato factory "Asteris" produces a lot of tomato sauce, sold throughout Greece. Tractors filled with tomatoes are being carried into the factory to produce fine tomato sauce. Annual cost of production over the years were about 15,000,000 drachmas ($250,000) in the 1980s and about 150,000,000 drachmas ($500,000) in the present per year.

A town square with trees is in the northern part of town. There is a building east of the heart of the square. It has a nearby park filled with swings, slides, and a sandbox in its public area. Restaurants are available, and also in Strousimarker, and smaller ones at Traganomarker. Kiosks are scattered on sidewalks of two main streets.

Tall thin forests lie next to the train tracks. Its length of forest is about 1 km.

Half of the land is forested, especially on hills east of Tragano. There is pine forest in the north and mixed forest in the east and onto Stafidokambos.

There are no coastlines in the municipality. Its closest beach is Aghios Panteleimonas NW of Lechainamarker 7 km S. There are no campsites, motels, or hotels.

A boulevard named Iroon Polytechneiou or Eroon Polytechneiou was repaired with amazing technological lights that run almost on the entire strecth of boulevard, Andravida's west side main artery. Another street links with Traganomarker, Olga, Peneus Dam, Borsimarker and the main highway that connects traffic for Patras and Pyrgos. Next to that boulevard, is another square next to the Hagia Sophia Frankish church. Repairs were being done in (late-1990s). The cost of the renovation project is in the $500,000 to $1,000,000 range (125,000,000 to 250,000,000 drachmas).

The northernmost part of the community features a gas station, marble stores, and window store located 200m from the old federal road bordering Lechaina, near the railway crossings.

There are about two (2) electric railway crossings with about five (5) other non-electric railway crossings on that track.

Laiké / Laikí is the third largest town north of Pyrgos. Its total lengh is nearly 400 to 450 m. They sell fruits and vegetables to the south, merchandise to the north, and clothing and mixed items in the middle. Its length almost takes up the entire section, almost blocking access from west Andravída and Stroúsi, and east Anrdávida. The market starts west of town's main street, passing into the town square, and up into the school and residential property of northwest Andravída.

Andravida's west side contains a lot of trees west of the town, dominating the land west of the train tracks. The forest extends west to Strousi near a valley where there is a creek forming a boundary between Andravida, Vartholomio, and Kastro-Kyllínis. The forest size has been around the same, due to housing. The size is around 1 to 2 km². There are other types of willow and other kinds of trees, and sticks found near a dirt road NE of Andravida and W of GR-9. Trees also dominate as far north as the Kyllini Junction. Total size of this ranges at 1 km².

NW of town is Andravidaíko, a flat plain that is home to 10% of agricultural production. 70% is deforested, used for farming, bushes, grasses, and rivers, and irrigation canals. The remainder is forested. The total length of roads over there is 6 km. The plain starts only 500 m N and NW of Andravida, and the Old Anrdavida-Kyllini Road.

Population

Year Communal population Change Municipal population Change
1981 3,460 - - -
1991 3,167 -293/8.47-% 3,915 -
2001 3,579 +412/+13.01% 4,309 394/10.06%


83.06% of the municipal population live in Andravida.

Agriculture

Tomatoes, potatoes, pasture, watermelon, corn, melon and some other types of fruits and vegetables dominate the municipality. Citrus and olives dominate the hills east of Tragano, and some near Staphidólkambos.

Agriculture remained the leading source of business until urban employment took over the agriculture industry. Now more than 80% or almost 100% of its inhabitants work in urban industry. Now there may be 20% only working in agriculture throughout the Municipality of Andravida.

Transportation

There are about 10 km of federally operated highways. 4 is the old national road, and 6 is the new national road (runs into the intersection of Andravida-Tragano Road). 25 to 30 kilometres of local, residential, and rural roads are calculated throughout Andravida, and environs.

The speed limit is 30 km/h on most roads, and 40 km/h on other half. This does not include national or state-operated roads.

The first train tracks opened in the 1860s along with a train station. The track is about 3 km long, with tens of kilometres of telephone poles scattered throughout the municipality.

History

Municipality of Andravida

Andravida is also a municipality that has a population of nearly 4,500 people. About 80% live in Andravida, 10% in Strousi, and the remainder live elsewhere. Much of the municipality is flat and rarely forested with willows and pine trees. The municipality has about 1,000 buildings. The municipal districts in the municipality are:

  • Andravida, pop. 3582
  • Stafidokampos, pop. 345
  • Strousi, pop. 342


Andravida military airport and base

A military airport to the east which is 2.5 km by road from the city center. Construction began in the 1950s to expand the Greek military and military aviation services throughout the state. The cost of building the airport and some facilities was about $1,000,000 (10,000,000 drachmas) to $5,000,000. The lengh of the runway is 2 km and the size is exactly 1². It is the longest airport in Ilia. The airport is bordered and almost surrounded with 80% or 4 km of green leafy and pined trees, except at runway points. The setting is located in a forested area. There is more forest lying east of the military airport. Cultivated plains lie to the west. Military exercises have occurred since its opening.

References



External links




North: Lechainamarker
West: Kastro-Kyllinismarker

Andravida East: Traganomarker
South: Gastounimarker



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